abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Samoan

Source/Author:  Blust 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Debasish Roy  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Samoan 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand lima   1  
2 left tau-aŋavale   31  
3 right tau-matau   5, 13  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
5 to walk savali   6  
5 to walk saele   6  
6 road/path ala   1  
7 to come sau   44  
7 to come ō mai   1  
8 to turn word info fāliu   2  
9 to swim ʔaʔau   5  
10 dirty ʔeleʔelea   10  
11 dust p|efu   1, 74  
12 skin paʔu   27  
12 skin 'ili   1  
12 skin 'iliola   1  
13 back word info tua   11  
14 belly manava   9  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
16 intestines ŋāʔau   12  
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast susu   1  
19 shoulder tauʔau   22?  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ilo-a   13  
21 to think māfaufau   8?  
21 to think manatu   9  
22 to fear mataʔu   1  
22 to fear fefe   1?  
23 blood toto   4  
24 head ulu   1  
25 neck ua   18  
26 hair word info lau ulu   40  
27 nose isu   1  
28 to breathe mānava   1  
29 to sniff, smell soŋi   9  
30 mouth ŋutu   2  
31 tooth nifo   1  
32 tongue laulaufaiva      
32 tongue alelo   15  
33 to laugh ʔata   7  
34 to cry taŋi   1  
35 to vomit puaʔi   1, 32  
35 to vomit luaʔi to spit out 8, 31  
36 to spit anu   14, 84  
37 to eat ʔai   1, 44  
38 to chew word info mama   1  
38 to chew word info lamu   7  
39 to cook word info tao   10  
40 to drink inu   1  
41 to bite ʔati   1, 55  
41 to bite u   8  
41 to bite utia   9  
42 to suck susu   25  
43 ear taliŋa   1  
44 to hear faʔa-loŋo   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see vaʔai      
46 to see matamata   8  
46 to see 'ite to foresee 1  
47 to yawn māvava   19  
48 to sleep moe   10  
49 to lie down word info ta'oto   7  
50 to dream miti   36  
51 to sit nofo   16  
52 to stand   2  
53 person/human being taŋata   1, 66  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
55 woman/female fafine   1, 106  
56 child tamaitiiti   6, 64  
57 husband tāne   14  
58 wife āvā   8  
59 mother tinā   1  
60 father tamā   1  
61 house fale   14  
62 thatch/roof ato   1  
62 thatch/roof ina'i a section of thatch 11  
63 name iŋoa   6  
64 to say tautala   60  
65 rope maea   10  
66 to tie up, fasten noa   15  
67 to sew word info suʔi   15  
68 needle au   1  
69 to hunt word info tuli   8  
70 to shoot word info fana   1  
71 to stab, pierce tui   52?  
72 to hit word info   10  
72 to hit word info tu'i   8  
73 to steal ŋaoi Common vernacular 1?  
73 to steal 'aisola chiefly register 7?  
73 to steal 'aisā chiefly register 7?  
74 to kill fasioti   8?  
74 to kill tāmate   2  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive ola   6  
76 to live, be alive maui literally "ebb like the tide", usage in oratory refers to living cycles (inhale/exhale, sleep/awake, life/death, etc. 1, 76  
77 to scratch word info lala'u   9  
77 to scratch word info fela'u   9  
78 to cut, hack word info faʔa-mutu   54, 14  
78 to cut, hack word info sele   16  
79 stick/wood lāʔau   1  
80 to split word info isi   7  
80 to split word info matofi   7  
81 sharp maʔai   14, 16  
81 sharp masele   2  
82 dull, blunt matatupa   49  
83 to work word info ŋalue   11  
84 to plant   4  
85 to choose filifili   1  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
87 to swell word info fula   7  
87 to swell word info fefete   5  
88 to squeeze word info ʔoʔomi   14  
89 to hold word info ʔuʔu   12  
90 to dig ʔoso      
90 to dig ʔeli   1  
91 to buy tautotoŋi   9, 10  
91 to buy fa'atau mai   9  
92 to open, uncover matala      
92 to open, uncover susu'e   1  
93 to pound, beat word info tuʔituʔi   20, 2  
94 to throw word info toŋi      
95 to fall word info paʔū   59  
95 to fall word info tō-   14  
96 dog ʔulī polite word for dog, rarely used. 7  
96 dog maile      
97 bird manulele   1  
98 egg fuāmoa   5  
99 feather fulu   1  
99 feather ʔula   50  
100 wing ʔapaʔau   1, 59  
101 to fly lele   11  
102 rat ʔimoa   14  
102 rat ʔiole   12  
103 meat/flesh ʔaʔano   14  
103 meat/flesh ʔiʔo   10  
104 fat/grease ŋaʔo   14  
104 fat/grease suni   12  
104 fat/grease momona   1, 65  
105 tail iʔu   13  
105 tail siʔusiʔu   13  
106 snake ŋata   12  
107 worm (earthworm) ʔanufe   45  
107 worm (earthworm) 'elemutu wood-worm 9  
107 worm (earthworm) to'e sea snake 7  
108 louse word info ʔutu   1  
109 mosquito namu   1  
110 spider ʔapoŋāleveleve   1, 57  
111 fish iʔa   1  
112 rotten word info pala   13  
113 branch word info lālā   1, 33  
114 leaf lau   1  
115 root aʔa   2  
116 flower fuŋa   1  
117 fruit fua   1  
118 grass mutia   13  
119 earth/soil lalolaŋi      
120 stone maʔa   4  
120 stone fatu   1  
121 sand oneone   1  
122 water word info vai   2  
123 to flow tafe   10  
124 sea sami      
124 sea tai   1  
124 sea vasa   12 L?
124 sea moana   10  
125 salt māsima   47  
125 salt miti (salty water) 7  
126 lake lano   1  
126 lake loto   6  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
128 sky laŋi   1  
129 moon māsina   37, 5  
129 moon mālama   7  
130 star fetū   1  
131 cloud word info ao   12  
132 fog puao   36  
132 fog nefu   22  
132 fog ʔaʔapu   1  
133 rain timu   12  
133 rain ua   1  
134 thunder fāititili   14  
135 lightning uila   2  
136 wind mat|aŋi   1, 66  
136 wind savili (breeze) 11  
137 to blow word info aŋi   8  
137 to blow word info sau   12  
138 warm word info vevela   8  
138 warm word info vela   8  
139 cold word info maʔalili   1, 52  
139 cold word info malūlū   74  
140 dry word info maŋo   1  
140 dry word info paʔaʔa   12  
140 dry word info paʔupaʔu   38  
141 wet susū   11  
142 heavy mamafa   46, 67  
143 fire afi   1  
144 to burn word info mu      
144 to burn word info susunu   6  
144 to burn word info tafu   8  
145 smoke word info asu   2  
146 ash lefulefu   67  
147 black uliuli   7  
148 white paʔepaʔe      
148 white sina   66  
148 white tea   8  
149 red ʔula   13  
149 red melomelo   1, 16  
149 red mea   1  
150 yellow sāmasama   59  
150 yellow lega   10  
151 green lanumeamata   1, 12  
151 green usiusi   61?  
152 small itiiti   121  
153 big tele      
153 big nui works as a verb "to be great" or "to augment" instead of an adjective. 11  
153 big lasi (archaic/formal) 12  
154 short word info puʔupuʔu   3  
154 short word info poto short-legged, stunted 9  
154 short word info saʔasaʔa (short stature) 10  
155 long word info ʔumi   63  
155 long word info loloa "long" or "expansive" 12  
156 thin word info manifi   1  
157 thick word info mafia      
157 thick word info matolutolu   3  
157 thick word info tuatua (of rope) 10  
158 narrow lauitiiti      
159 wide lautele   9  
159 wide vateatea   21  
159 wide āteatea   21  
160 painful, sick maʔi   1  
161 shy, ashamed matamuli   1?  
161 shy, ashamed   1  
161 shy, ashamed sila   3  
161 shy, ashamed silasila   3  
162 old word info matua   1  
162 old word info tuai   48  
163 new fou   1  
164 good lelei   17  
164 good malie   16  
165 bad, evil leaŋa more commonly used in colloquial speech to express "ugly" or "unseemly"    
165 bad, evil 'ino'ino "disgusting," "reproachful" or "abominable" 9  
166 correct, true saʔo More accurately refers to "straightness" (in modern slang, "sa'o" can mean something like "right on!")    
166 correct, true tonu   8  
166 correct, true talitonu moral truth/belief 8  
166 correct, true amiotonu socially correct behavior 8  
167 night   1  
168 day aso   1, 54  
168 day ao   1, 54  
168 day   7  
169 year tau|saŋa   1  
170 when? word info afea   5  
170 when? word info anafea   5  
171 to hide word info lafi      
171 to hide word info nanā   17  
172 to climb word info aʔe   32  
172 to climb word info piʔi   6  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside [i]totonu[o]      
174 in, inside loto within 5  
175 above i luŋa   9  
176 below i lalo   8  
177 this lenei (cp. WBM) 1  
178 that le|na (< M) 1  
178 that lela      
179 near lata   9  
179 near tafatafa adjacent 9?  
179 near vālata close together 38?  
180 far mamao   13  
181 where? word info ʔo fea   3, 35  
182 I aʔu   1, 21  
183 thou ʔoe   1  
183 thou 'oe (singular) 1  
184 he/she ia   1  
185 we word info tātou   1, 39  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
186 you ʔoutou (plural) 16  
186 you 'oulua (dual) x  
187 they lātou   1, 72  
187 they lāʔua   x  
188 what? word info ʔo le ā   1?  
189 who? word info ʔo ai   1  
190 other isi   7?  
190 other ʔese   8  
190 other ʔo se tasi another 7  
191 all ʔātoa   13  
192 and ma   2  
193 if ʔa|na   6  
193 if 'afai   1, 46  
194 how? word info faʔapēfea   11  
195 no, not leai   13?, 84  
195 no, not iʔai   10, 83  
196 to count faitau   8  
197 One word info e tasi   14, 48  
198 Two word info e lua   1  
199 Three word info e tolu   1  
200 Four word info e fā   1, 66  
201 Five word info lima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
204 Eight word info valu POllex 06: Valu. :Eight. 3  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
206 Ten word info gafulu Ten (Prt). Not given by (Mnr).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info sefulu   5  
207 Twenty word info lua sefulu   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info limasefulu   1, 7  
208 Fifty word info limagafulu   1  
209 One Hundred word info lau Hundred (Prt).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info afe Thousand (Source: Pollex) 3  
210 One Thousand word info mano 10,000 (multiple thousands) 2  

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