abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Pukapuka

Source/Author:  Mary & Kevin Salisbury 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Salisbury  Checked By: Mary Salisbury 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Pukapuka 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
132 fog      
16 intestines taepili      
20 to know, be knowledgeable wanewane      
37 to eat lamulamu      
37 to eat taumamaya      
37 to eat tamitami      
48 to sleep lowi      
53 person/human being kovi      
71 to stab, pierce Pukapuka agreement tempting but probably not cognate    
72 to hit word info vayi      
75 to die, be dead payako      
75 to die, be dead pānakia      
78 to cut, hack word info yemu      
81 sharp niniva      
85 to choose kimi      
89 to hold word info liko      
93 to pound, beat word info patupatu      
94 to throw word info kamo      
94 to throw word info newu      
94 to throw word info uti      
96 dog puakaoa      
101 to fly pepeke pepeke    
104 fat/grease tutuyi      
104 fat/grease tōngāua fat on abdominal wall    
107 worm (earthworm) veli      
118 grass vayavaya      
121 sand tini one (rar)    
146 ash malamala      
148 white mumuka      
151 green yengayenga 'yellowy green'    
151 green uyingele 'dark green'    
152 small lewu lewu (sg)    
153 big tongi 'big in size'    
156 thin word info tutule thin (of people)    
158 narrow koyīti      
160 painful, sick tingā painful    
164 good tauyala      
164 good kalule      
166 correct, true yako      
169 year tākalonga      
178 that      
178 that tēlā      
183 thou au au (preverbal)    
183 thou -ou -ou after ko    
190 other toe 'another'    
191 all      
191 all wui      
195 no, not kāni neg exist    
208 Fifty word info tinolima 50 people    
1 hand lima   1  
6 road/path ala   1  
6 road/path ngutuala   1  
7 to come lōmamai (pl) 1  
7 to come ōmamai (pl) 1  
7 to come wōmamai (pl) 1  
7 to come lolo mai   1  
12 skin pākili   1  
12 skin kili   1  
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast   1  
22 to fear mataku sg. 1  
22 to fear mātataku pl. 1  
24 head ulu   1  
27 nose iyu   1  
31 tooth nio   1  
34 to cry tangi sound, cry (sg) 1  
34 to cry wetangi cry (pl) 1  
34 to cry tatangi sound (pl) 1  
40 to drink inu   1  
43 ear talinga   1  
44 to hear longo   1  
44 to hear langona   1  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see kite   1  
46 to see kitea   1  
62 thatch/roof ato   1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
79 stick/wood lākau   1  
85 to choose wili   1  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
90 to dig keli   1  
90 to dig tolo   1  
92 to open, uncover wuke   1  
92 to open, uncover wuwuke   1  
92 to open, uncover yuke   1  
92 to open, uncover yuyuke   1  
97 bird manu   1  
99 feather wulu   1  
108 louse word info wutu 'louse' 1  
108 louse word info lia 'nit'� 1  
109 mosquito namu   1  
111 fish ika   1  
113 branch word info   1  
114 leaf lau   1  
116 flower pua   1  
117 fruit wua   1  
120 stone watu   1  
121 sand one one (rar) 1  
124 sea tai   1  
128 sky langi   1  
130 star wetū wet? (pl) 1  
133 rain u(w)a   1  
143 fire awi   1  
160 painful, sick maki sick 1  
161 shy, ashamed   1  
161 shy, ashamed akamā   1  
162 old word info matua old, mature 1  
163 new wou   1  
167 night   1  
173 at i   1  
177 this nei   1  
177 this ēnei   1  
178 that   1  
178 that ia   1  
178 that tēnā   1  
178 that te(e)ia   1  
183 thou koe koe 1  
184 he/she iāna i?na 1  
184 he/she ēna ?na 1  
184 he/she ana ana (preverbal) 1  
189 who? word info ai   1  
198 Two word info lua   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info ono Six (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 1  
203 Seven word info witu Seven (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 1  
208 Fifty word info limangaulu (Raro.) 1 L
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
149 red melo   1, 16  
185 we word info tāua   1, 29  
185 we word info a tāua   1, 29  
185 we word info tātou   1, 39  
168 day ayo 'day' 1, 54  
168 day ao 'daytime' 1, 54  
11 dust lewu   1, 68  
187 they lātou   1, 72  
55 woman/female wawine (sg) (likely EPn loan-MW) 1, 106  
55 woman/female wāwine (pl) (likely EPn loan-MW) 1, 106  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
182 I au   1, 21  
100 wing kapakapa   1, 39  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
37 to eat kaikai   1, 44  
139 cold word info makalili anu (rar) 1, 52  
41 to bite kati   1, 55  
100 wing pakayau   1, 58  
2 left māyui   1, 59  
53 person/human being tangata   1, 66  
136 wind matangi   1, 66  
200 Four word info   1, 66  
138 warm word info māyana   1, 72  
60 father matua tāne   1, 9  
39 to cook word info tao 'cook in oven' 10  
48 to sleep moe   10  
48 to sleep momoe pl 10  
82 dull, blunt tuma   10  
83 to work word info angānga   10  
83 to work word info yanga   10  
103 meat/flesh kiko   10  
119 earth/soil kelekele 'earth' 10  
124 sea moana   10  
148 white kena   10  
195 no, not kiai neg past, nom neg 10, 83  
150 yellow yengayenga   10?  
8 to turn word info pale   11  
13 back word info tua   11  
71 to stab, pierce yuki   11  
71 to stab, pierce yoka to stab, pierce, husk coconuts 11  
95 to fall word info makulu   11  
101 to fly welele welele (pl) 11  
101 to fly lele lele (sg) 11  
141 wet yuyū   11  
194 how? word info pēwea   11  
195 no, not ē kole no 11  
195 no, not kākole neg exist 11  
209 One Hundred word info ānele (Eng) 11 L
8 to turn word info tipa   11?  
16 intestines ngākau   12  
82 dull, blunt penu   12  
102 rat kiole   12  
140 dry word info pakapaka make dry 12  
140 dry word info wakapakapaka make dry 12  
155 long word info loa   12  
131 cloud word info kāpuao   12, 67  
20 to know, be knowledgeable mau   122  
20 to know, be knowledgeable māwutu   122  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa sg 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable īloloa pl 13  
67 to sew word info tui   13  
105 tail yiku   13  
112 rotten word info papala   13  
149 red kula   13  
180 far mamao   13  
191 all tākatoa   13  
191 all katoa(toa)   13  
208 Fifty word info laulima traditional 13  
195 no, not verbal neg 13?  
57 husband tāne   14  
61 house wale   14  
88 to squeeze word info kume   14  
88 to squeeze word info kuku   14  
89 to hold word info tango   14  
95 to fall word info   14  
104 fat/grease ngako   14  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
134 thunder watitili   14  
164 good leka   14  
197 One word info tayi   14, 48  
81 sharp kokoi EP loan - JCM 14, 66 L
66 to tie up, fasten yele   14?  
8 to turn word info wuli   15  
32 tongue alelo   15  
36 to spit puaki   16  
51 to sit (sg) 16  
51 to sit nōnō (pl) 16  
68 needle nila Eng. 16 L
186 you kōtou   16  
164 good lelei   17  
171 to hide word info nanā   17  
25 neck u(w)a   18  
130 star mata wet? (pl) 18  
36 to spit yuuvale to spit/spittle 18?  
47 to yawn waka/manga Pollex 06: Waka/manga. :Yawn (Sby). 19, 28  
53 person/human being tama   1?  
70 to shoot word info wena   1?  
188 what? word info wea   1?  
30 mouth ngutu   2  
52 to stand (sg) 2  
52 to stand wetū (pl) 2  
84 to plant tanu   2  
115 root aka   2  
122 water word info yua   2  
135 lightning uwila   2  
145 smoke word info au   2  
192 and ma   2  
209 One Hundred word info lau   2  
209 One Hundred word info tino-we-lau 100 people 2  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 2  
185 we word info māua   2, 29  
185 we word info a māua   2, 29  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
25 neck kakī   20  
93 to pound, beat word info tukituki   20, 2  
8 to turn word info paniwi   26  
8 to turn word info niniwi   26  
158 narrow kakō   26?  
8 to turn word info uwe   27  
106 snake ōvī (rar < gk) loan -JCM 27  
193 if if 28  
193 if   28  
13 back word info muli back, rear [not certain this is 'back' as in the body part-MW] 3  
157 thick word info mātolu   3  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
207 Twenty word info tinolua 20 people 3  
181 where? word info i wea   3, 35  
207 Twenty word info luangaulu (Rarotongan) 3, 6 L
87 to swell word info pupute   30  
179 near pili   30  
121 sand kelekele one (rar) 30, 74  
26 hair word info wuluwulu body hair, feather 31  
119 earth/soil palapala 'mud' 32  
172 to climb word info kake   32  
50 to dream miti   36  
123 to flow yeke   36  
10 dirty pakuongea   37  
129 moon maina   37, 5  
23 blood toto   4  
59 mother matua wawine   4  
80 to split word info vayi   4  
80 to split word info vavayi   4  
84 to plant toki   4, 5  
84 to plant poki   4, 5?  
26 hair word info lauulu   40  
75 to die, be dead palewe   41  
75 to die, be dead palewa   41  
18 breast aloalo   43  
7 to come yau (sg) 44  
95 to fall word info yinga to fall over (sg.) 44  
95 to fall word info yīyinga to fall over (pl.) 44  
142 heavy taenawa   46, 66?  
142 heavy taewana   46, 66?  
159 wide lapalapa   48  
162 old word info pōvī n. old person 49?  
9 to swim kakau   5  
9 to swim tākele   5  
98 egg wua   5  
98 egg wuamoa   5  
156 thin word info lalawi   5  
170 when? word info wea   5  
174 in, inside loto   5  
184 he/she -ona -ona (after ko) 5  
193 if if only 5  
206 Ten word info laungaulu   5  
207 Twenty word info laulua traditional Puk. 5  
3 right mātau   5, 13  
205 Nine word info iva Nine (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
58 wife wawine   5, 68  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
110 spider mangamanga   58  
95 to fall word info pangulu   59  
191 all pau   59?  
5 to walk yaele sg. 6  
5 to walk yāeleele pl. - because there is a reduplication, macrons don't span morpheme boundaries 6  
49 to lie down word info moe ki lalo   6  
63 name ingoa   6  
76 to live, be alive ola (sg) 6  
76 to live, be alive ōla (pl) 6  
126 lake loto   6  
137 to blow word info puyi   6  
144 to burn word info tutu   6  
172 to climb word info wiwiti ki lunga   6  
56 child tamaliki (pl) 6, 63  
56 child tamaiti (sg) 6, 64  
152 small liliki liliki (pl) 66  
146 ash lewulewu   67  
10 dirty palanui   7  
18 breast uma   7  
21 to think manako   7  
33 to laugh kata k?kata = (pl) 7  
33 to laugh kākata k?kata = (pl) 7  
49 to lie down word info takoto   7  
72 to hit word info patu   7  
73 to steal kaiā   7  
91 to buy oko   7  
96 dog kulī   7  
116 flower tiale   7  
125 salt miti   7  
147 black uyi   7  
147 black uli   7  
169 year matawiti   7  
177 this tēnei   7, 1  
50 to dream moemiti moemiti = (rar) 7, 36  
153 big wolo 'big, many' 73  
153 big wowolo 'big, many' 73  
65 rope kawa   74  
104 fat/grease matū   75  
19 shoulder pokoivi   8  
21 to think mayala   8  
35 to vomit lua   8  
38 to chew word info ngaungau   8  
42 to suck miti   8  
69 to hunt word info yākili wuli (of crabs) 8  
69 to hunt word info ulu wuli (of crabs) 8  
69 to hunt word info wuli wuli (of crabs) 8  
137 to blow word info āngi   8  
138 warm word info vela   8  
139 cold word info anu   8  
139 cold word info ano   8  
166 correct, true tano   8  
166 correct, true tautonu   8  
176 below lalo   8  
196 to count kauwi   8  
196 to count tatau (rar) 8 L
35 to vomit luaki   8, 31  
196 to count wakalau   8, 62  
28 to breathe akaea   80  
195 no, not kāe neg exist 83  
195 no, not kāyi neg exist 83  
158 narrow kauliliki   84  
112 rotten word info   85?  
112 rotten word info eku   86?  
64 to say mea   88  
154 short word info pūnekeneke all in height and length 8?  
190 other 'other, different' 8?  
10 dirty lepo   9  
14 belly manava   9  
21 to think manatu   9  
29 to sniff, smell yongi   9  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
39 to cook word info tunu pāni   9  
42 to suck ngote   9  
65 rope taula   9  
74 to kill patu   9  
77 to scratch word info laku   9  
78 to cut, hack word info koti   9  
94 to throw word info tili   9  
154 short word info poto all in height and length 9  
154 short word info pūpoto all in height and length 9  
165 bad, evil kino   9  
166 correct, true tika   9  
175 above lunga   9  
179 near vātata   9  
140 dry word info omoi wipe dry 92?  
182 I ēku (agentive) x  
182 I aku (preverbal) x  
186 you kōlua   x  
187 they lāua   x  

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