abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Pukapuka

Source/Author:  Mary & Kevin Salisbury 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Salisbury  Checked By: Mary Salisbury 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Pukapuka 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
132 fog      
184 he/she -ona -ona (after ko) 5  
183 thou -ou -ou after ko    
185 we word info a māua   2, 29  
185 we word info a tāua   1, 29  
189 who? word info ai   1  
115 root aka   2  
28 to breathe akaea   80  
161 shy, ashamed akamā   1  
182 I aku (preverbal) x  
6 road/path ala   1  
32 tongue alelo   15  
18 breast aloalo   43  
184 he/she ana ana (preverbal) 1  
83 to work word info angānga   10  
139 cold word info ano   8  
139 cold word info anu   8  
168 day ao 'daytime' 1, 54  
17 liver ate   1  
62 thatch/roof ato   1  
182 I au   1, 21  
183 thou au au (preverbal)    
145 smoke word info au   2  
143 fire awi   1  
168 day ayo 'day' 1, 54  
112 rotten word info eku   86?  
173 at i   1  
181 where? word info i wea   3, 35  
178 that ia   1  
111 fish ika   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa sg 13  
63 name ingoa   6  
40 to drink inu   1  
205 Nine word info iva Nine (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
27 nose iyu   1  
184 he/she iāna i?na 1  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
37 to eat kaikai   1, 44  
73 to steal kaiā   7  
9 to swim kakau   5  
172 to climb word info kake   32  
25 neck kakī   20  
158 narrow kakō   26?  
164 good kalule      
94 to throw word info kamo      
100 wing kapakapa   1, 39  
33 to laugh kata k?kata = (pl) 7  
41 to bite kati   1, 55  
191 all katoa(toa)   13  
158 narrow kauliliki   84  
196 to count kauwi   8  
65 rope kawa   74  
119 earth/soil kelekele 'earth' 10  
121 sand kelekele one (rar) 30, 74  
90 to dig keli   1  
148 white kena   10  
195 no, not kiai neg past, nom neg 10, 83  
103 meat/flesh kiko   10  
12 skin kili   1  
85 to choose kimi      
165 bad, evil kino   9  
102 rat kiole   12  
46 to see kite   1  
46 to see kitea   1  
183 thou koe koe 1  
81 sharp kokoi EP loan - JCM 14, 66 L
78 to cut, hack word info koti   9  
53 person/human being kovi      
158 narrow koyīti      
88 to squeeze word info kuku   14  
149 red kula   13  
96 dog kulī   7  
88 to squeeze word info kume   14  
195 no, not kāe neg exist 83  
33 to laugh kākata k?kata = (pl) 7  
195 no, not kākole neg exist 11  
195 no, not kāni neg exist    
131 cloud word info kāpuao   12, 67  
195 no, not kāyi neg exist 83  
190 other 'other, different' 8?  
71 to stab, pierce Pukapuka agreement tempting but probably not cognate    
186 you kōlua   x  
186 you kōtou   16  
77 to scratch word info laku   9  
156 thin word info lalawi   5  
176 below lalo   8  
37 to eat lamulamu      
128 sky langi   1  
44 to hear langona   1  
159 wide lapalapa   48  
209 One Hundred word info lau   2  
114 leaf lau   1  
208 Fifty word info laulima traditional 13  
207 Twenty word info laulua traditional Puk. 5  
206 Ten word info laungaulu   5  
26 hair word info lauulu   40  
164 good leka   14  
101 to fly lele lele (sg) 11  
164 good lelei   17  
10 dirty lepo   9  
152 small lewu lewu (sg)    
11 dust lewu   1, 68  
146 ash lewulewu   67  
108 louse word info lia 'nit'� 1  
89 to hold word info liko      
152 small liliki liliki (pl) 66  
201 Five word info lima   1  
1 hand lima   1  
208 Fifty word info limangaulu (Raro.) 1 L
155 long word info loa   12  
7 to come lolo mai   1  
44 to hear longo   1  
126 lake loto   6  
174 in, inside loto   5  
48 to sleep lowi      
35 to vomit lua   8  
198 Two word info lua   1  
35 to vomit luaki   8, 31  
207 Twenty word info luangaulu (Rarotongan) 3, 6 L
175 above lunga   9  
178 that      
113 branch word info   1  
79 stick/wood lākau   1  
187 they lātou   1, 72  
187 they lāua   x  
7 to come lōmamai (pl) 1  
192 and ma   2  
129 moon maina   37, 5  
139 cold word info makalili anu (rar) 1, 52  
160 painful, sick maki sick 1  
95 to fall word info makulu   11  
146 ash malamala      
180 far mamao   13  
21 to think manako   7  
21 to think manatu   9  
14 belly manava   9  
110 spider mangamanga   58  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 2  
97 bird manu   1  
130 star mata wet? (pl) 18  
45 eye mata   1  
22 to fear mataku sg. 1  
136 wind matangi   1, 66  
169 year matawiti   7  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
162 old word info matua old, mature 1  
60 father matua tāne   1, 9  
59 mother matua wawine   4  
104 fat/grease matū   75  
20 to know, be knowledgeable mau   122  
21 to think mayala   8  
64 to say mea   88  
149 red melo   1, 16  
42 to suck miti   8  
50 to dream miti   36  
125 salt miti   7  
124 sea moana   10  
48 to sleep moe   10  
49 to lie down word info moe ki lalo   6  
50 to dream moemiti moemiti = (rar) 7, 36  
48 to sleep momoe pl 10  
13 back word info muli back, rear [not certain this is 'back' as in the body part-MW] 3  
148 white mumuka      
161 shy, ashamed   1  
22 to fear mātataku pl. 1  
3 right mātau   5, 13  
157 thick word info mātolu   3  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
185 we word info māua   2, 29  
20 to know, be knowledgeable māwutu   122  
138 warm word info māyana   1, 72  
2 left māyui   1, 59  
193 if if only 5  
109 mosquito namu   1  
171 to hide word info nanā   17  
177 this nei   1  
94 to throw word info newu      
104 fat/grease ngako   14  
38 to chew word info ngaungau   8  
42 to suck ngote   9  
30 mouth ngutu   2  
6 road/path ngutuala   1  
16 intestines ngākau   12  
68 needle nila Eng. 16 L
81 sharp niniva      
8 to turn word info niniwi   26  
31 tooth nio   1  
178 that   1  
51 to sit (sg) 16  
51 to sit nōnō (pl) 16  
91 to buy oko   7  
76 to live, be alive ola (sg) 6  
140 dry word info omoi wipe dry 92?  
121 sand one one (rar) 1  
202 Six word info ono Six (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 1  
140 dry word info pakapaka make dry 12  
100 wing pakayau   1, 58  
10 dirty pakuongea   37  
10 dirty palanui   7  
119 earth/soil palapala 'mud' 32  
8 to turn word info pale   11  
75 to die, be dead palewa   41  
75 to die, be dead palewe   41  
95 to fall word info pangulu   59  
8 to turn word info paniwi   26  
112 rotten word info papala   13  
72 to hit word info patu   7  
74 to kill patu   9  
93 to pound, beat word info patupatu      
191 all pau   59?  
75 to die, be dead payako      
82 dull, blunt penu   12  
101 to fly pepeke pepeke    
179 near pili   30  
84 to plant poki   4, 5?  
19 shoulder pokoivi   8  
154 short word info poto all in height and length 9  
116 flower pua   1  
96 dog puakaoa      
36 to spit puaki   16  
87 to swell word info pupute   30  
137 to blow word info puyi   6  
12 skin pākili   1  
75 to die, be dead pānakia      
193 if if 28  
194 how? word info pēwea   11  
193 if   28  
167 night   1  
162 old word info pōvī n. old person 49?  
154 short word info pūnekeneke all in height and length 8?  
154 short word info pūpoto all in height and length 9  
142 heavy taenawa   46, 66?  
16 intestines taepili      
142 heavy taewana   46, 66?  
124 sea tai   1  
49 to lie down word info takoto   7  
43 ear talinga   1  
53 person/human being tama   1?  
56 child tamaiti (sg) 6, 64  
56 child tamaliki (pl) 6, 63  
37 to eat tamitami      
53 person/human being tangata   1, 66  
34 to cry tangi sound, cry (sg) 1  
89 to hold word info tango   14  
166 correct, true tano   8  
84 to plant tanu   2  
39 to cook word info tao 'cook in oven' 10  
34 to cry tatangi sound (pl) 1  
196 to count tatau (rar) 8 L
65 rope taula   9  
37 to eat taumamaya      
166 correct, true tautonu   8  
164 good tauyala      
197 One word info tayi   14, 48  
178 that te(e)ia   1  
116 flower tiale   7  
166 correct, true tika   9  
94 to throw word info tili   9  
160 painful, sick tingā painful    
121 sand tini one (rar)    
209 One Hundred word info tino-we-lau 100 people 2  
208 Fifty word info tinolima 50 people    
207 Twenty word info tinolua 20 people 3  
8 to turn word info tipa   11?  
190 other toe 'another'    
84 to plant toki   4, 5  
90 to dig tolo   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
153 big tongi 'big in size'    
23 blood toto   4  
13 back word info tua   11  
67 to sew word info tui   13  
93 to pound, beat word info tukituki   2  
82 dull, blunt tuma   10  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
39 to cook word info tunu pāni   9  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
144 to burn word info tutu   6  
156 thin word info tutule thin (of people)    
104 fat/grease tutuyi      
169 year tākalonga      
191 all tākatoa   13  
9 to swim tākele   5  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
57 husband tāne   14  
185 we word info tātou   1, 39  
185 we word info tāua   1, 29  
178 that tēlā      
177 this tēnei   7, 1  
178 that tēnā   1  
95 to fall word info   14  
104 fat/grease tōngāua fat on abdominal wall    
52 to stand (sg) 2  
25 neck u(w)a   18  
133 rain u(w)a   1  
147 black uli   7  
69 to hunt word info ulu wuli (of crabs) 8  
24 head ulu   1  
18 breast uma   7  
94 to throw word info uti      
8 to turn word info uwe   27  
135 lightning uwila   2  
147 black uyi   7  
151 green uyingele 'dark green'    
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
80 to split word info vavayi   4  
118 grass vayavaya      
80 to split word info vayi   4  
72 to hit word info vayi      
138 warm word info vela   8  
107 worm (earthworm) veli      
179 near vātata   9  
112 rotten word info   85?  
47 to yawn waka/manga Pollex 06: Waka/manga. :Yawn (Sby). 19, 28  
196 to count wakalau   8, 62  
140 dry word info wakapakapaka make dry 12  
61 house wale   14  
20 to know, be knowledgeable wanewane      
134 thunder watitili   14  
120 stone watu   1  
55 woman/female wawine (sg) (likely EPn loan-MW) 1, 106  
58 wife wawine   5, 68  
170 when? word info wea   5  
188 what? word info wea   1?  
101 to fly welele welele (pl) 11  
70 to shoot word info wena   1?  
34 to cry wetangi cry (pl) 1  
52 to stand wetū (pl) 2  
130 star wetū wet? (pl) 1  
85 to choose wili   1  
203 Seven word info witu Seven (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 1  
172 to climb word info wiwiti ki lunga   6  
153 big wolo 'big, many' 73  
163 new wou   1  
153 big wowolo 'big, many' 73  
98 egg wua   5  
117 fruit wua   1  
98 egg wuamoa   5  
191 all wui      
92 to open, uncover wuke   1  
8 to turn word info wuli   15  
69 to hunt word info wuli wuli (of crabs) 8  
99 feather wulu   1  
26 hair word info wuluwulu body hair, feather 31  
108 louse word info wutu 'louse' 1  
92 to open, uncover wuwuke   1  
200 Four word info   1, 66  
55 woman/female wāwine (pl) (likely EPn loan-MW) 1, 106  
191 all      
7 to come wōmamai (pl) 1  
18 breast   1  
5 to walk yaele sg. 6  
166 correct, true yako      
83 to work word info yanga   10  
7 to come yau (sg) 44  
123 to flow yeke   36  
66 to tie up, fasten yele   14?  
78 to cut, hack word info yemu      
151 green yengayenga 'yellowy green'    
150 yellow yengayenga   10?  
105 tail yiku   13  
95 to fall word info yinga to fall over (sg.) 44  
71 to stab, pierce yoka to stab, pierce, husk coconuts 11  
29 to sniff, smell yongi   9  
122 water word info yua   2  
92 to open, uncover yuke   1  
71 to stab, pierce yuki   11  
36 to spit yuuvale to spit/spittle 18?  
92 to open, uncover yuyuke   1  
141 wet yuyū   11  
5 to walk yāeleele pl. - because there is a reduplication, macrons don't span morpheme boundaries 6  
69 to hunt word info yākili wuli (of crabs) 8  
195 no, not verbal neg 13?  
95 to fall word info yīyinga to fall over (pl.) 44  
209 One Hundred word info ānele (Eng) 11 L
137 to blow word info āngi   8  
195 no, not ē kole no 11  
182 I ēku (agentive) x  
184 he/she ēna ?na 1  
177 this ēnei   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable īloloa pl 13  
76 to live, be alive ōla (pl) 6  
7 to come ōmamai (pl) 1  
106 snake ōvī (rar < gk) loan -JCM 27  

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