abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Pukapuka

Source/Author:  Mary & Kevin Salisbury 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Mary Salisbury  Checked By: Mary Salisbury 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Pukapuka 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above lunga   9  
191 all      
191 all wui      
191 all tākatoa   13  
191 all katoa(toa)   13  
191 all pau   59?  
192 and ma   2  
146 ash lewulewu   67  
146 ash malamala      
173 at i   1  
13 back word info tua   11  
13 back word info muli back, rear [not certain this is 'back' as in the body part-MW] 3  
165 bad, evil kino   9  
14 belly manava   9  
176 below lalo   8  
153 big wolo 'big, many' 73  
153 big wowolo 'big, many' 73  
153 big tongi 'big in size'    
97 bird manu   1  
147 black uyi   7  
147 black uli   7  
23 blood toto   4  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
113 branch word info   1  
18 breast uma   7  
18 breast   1  
18 breast aloalo   43  
56 child tamaiti (sg) 6, 64  
56 child tamaliki (pl) 6, 63  
131 cloud word info kāpuao   12, 67  
139 cold word info makalili anu (rar) 1, 52  
139 cold word info anu   8  
139 cold word info ano   8  
166 correct, true yako      
166 correct, true tika   9  
166 correct, true tano   8  
166 correct, true tautonu   8  
168 day ayo 'day' 1, 54  
168 day ao 'daytime' 1, 54  
10 dirty lepo   9  
10 dirty pakuongea   37  
10 dirty palanui   7  
96 dog kulī   7  
96 dog puakaoa      
140 dry word info pakapaka make dry 12  
140 dry word info wakapakapaka make dry 12  
140 dry word info omoi wipe dry 92?  
82 dull, blunt tuma   10  
82 dull, blunt penu   12  
11 dust lewu   1, 68  
43 ear talinga   1  
119 earth/soil kelekele 'earth' 10  
119 earth/soil palapala 'mud' 32  
98 egg wua   5  
98 egg wuamoa   5  
204 Eight word info valu   3  
45 eye mata   1  
180 far mamao   13  
104 fat/grease matū   75  
104 fat/grease ngako   14  
104 fat/grease tutuyi      
104 fat/grease tōngāua fat on abdominal wall    
60 father matua tāne   1, 9  
99 feather wulu   1  
208 Fifty word info limangaulu (Raro.) 1 L
208 Fifty word info laulima traditional 13  
208 Fifty word info tinolima 50 people    
143 fire awi   1  
111 fish ika   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
116 flower tiale   7  
116 flower pua   1  
132 fog      
200 Four word info   1, 66  
117 fruit wua   1  
164 good lelei   17  
164 good tauyala      
164 good kalule      
164 good leka   14  
118 grass vayavaya      
151 green yengayenga 'yellowy green'    
151 green uyingele 'dark green'    
26 hair word info lauulu   40  
26 hair word info wuluwulu body hair, feather 31  
1 hand lima   1  
184 he/she iāna i?na 1  
184 he/she ēna ?na 1  
184 he/she ana ana (preverbal) 1  
184 he/she -ona -ona (after ko) 5  
24 head ulu   1  
142 heavy taenawa   46, 66?  
142 heavy taewana   46, 66?  
61 house wale   14  
194 how? word info pēwea   11  
57 husband tāne   14  
182 I au   1, 21  
182 I ēku (agentive) x  
182 I aku (preverbal) x  
193 if if 28  
193 if if only 5  
193 if   28  
174 in, inside loto   5  
16 intestines ngākau   12  
16 intestines taepili      
126 lake loto   6  
114 leaf lau   1  
2 left māyui   1, 59  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
135 lightning uwila   2  
17 liver ate   1  
155 long word info loa   12  
108 louse word info wutu 'louse' 1  
108 louse word info lia 'nit'� 1  
54 man/male tāne   1, 11  
103 meat/flesh kiko   10  
129 moon maina   37, 5  
109 mosquito namu   1  
59 mother matua wawine   4  
30 mouth ngutu   2  
63 name ingoa   6  
158 narrow kakō   26?  
158 narrow koyīti      
158 narrow kauliliki   84  
179 near pili   30  
179 near vātata   9  
25 neck u(w)a   18  
25 neck kakī   20  
68 needle nila Eng. 16 L
163 new wou   1  
167 night   1  
205 Nine word info iva Nine (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
195 no, not ē kole no 11  
195 no, not verbal neg 13?  
195 no, not kiai neg past, nom neg 10, 83  
195 no, not kāe neg exist 83  
195 no, not kāyi neg exist 83  
195 no, not kāni neg exist    
195 no, not kākole neg exist 11  
27 nose iyu   1  
162 old word info pōvī n. old person 49?  
162 old word info matua old, mature 1  
197 One word info tayi   14, 48  
209 One Hundred word info lau   2  
209 One Hundred word info ānele (Eng) 11 L
209 One Hundred word info tino-we-lau 100 people 2  
210 One Thousand word info mano Thousand (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 2  
190 other toe 'another'    
190 other 'other, different' 8?  
160 painful, sick tingā painful    
160 painful, sick maki sick 1  
53 person/human being tangata   1, 66  
53 person/human being tama   1?  
53 person/human being kovi      
133 rain u(w)a   1  
102 rat kiole   12  
149 red kula   13  
149 red melo   1, 16  
3 right mātau   5, 13  
6 road/path ala   1  
6 road/path ngutuala   1  
115 root aka   2  
65 rope taula   9  
65 rope kawa   74  
112 rotten word info papala   13  
112 rotten word info eku   86?  
112 rotten word info   85?  
125 salt miti   7  
121 sand kelekele one (rar) 30, 74  
121 sand tini one (rar)    
121 sand one one (rar) 1  
124 sea tai   1  
124 sea moana   10  
203 Seven word info witu Seven (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 1  
81 sharp kokoi EP loan - JCM 14, 66 L
81 sharp niniva      
154 short word info poto all in height and length 9  
154 short word info pūnekeneke all in height and length 8?  
154 short word info pūpoto all in height and length 9  
19 shoulder pokoivi   8  
161 shy, ashamed   1  
161 shy, ashamed akamā   1  
202 Six word info ono Six (Bge).(Source: Pollex) 1  
12 skin pākili   1  
12 skin kili   1  
128 sky langi   1  
152 small lewu lewu (sg)    
152 small liliki liliki (pl) 66  
145 smoke word info au   2  
106 snake ōvī (rar < gk) loan -JCM 27  
110 spider mangamanga   58  
130 star mata wet? (pl) 18  
130 star wetū wet? (pl) 1  
79 stick/wood lākau   1  
120 stone watu   1  
105 tail yiku   13  
206 Ten word info laungaulu   5  
178 that   1  
178 that      
178 that ia   1  
178 that tēnā   1  
178 that tēlā      
178 that te(e)ia   1  
62 thatch/roof ato   1  
187 they lāua   x  
187 they lātou   1, 72  
157 thick word info mātolu   3  
156 thin word info lalawi   5  
156 thin word info tutule thin (of people)    
177 this nei   1  
177 this tēnei   7, 1  
177 this ēnei   1  
183 thou koe koe 1  
183 thou au au (preverbal)    
183 thou -ou -ou after ko    
199 Three word info tolu   1  
134 thunder watitili   14  
41 to bite kati   1, 55  
137 to blow word info āngi   8  
137 to blow word info puyi   6  
28 to breathe akaea   80  
144 to burn word info tutu   6  
91 to buy oko   7  
38 to chew word info ngaungau   8  
85 to choose wili   1  
85 to choose kimi      
172 to climb word info kake   32  
172 to climb word info wiwiti ki lunga   6  
7 to come yau (sg) 44  
7 to come lōmamai (pl) 1  
7 to come ōmamai (pl) 1  
7 to come wōmamai (pl) 1  
7 to come lolo mai   1  
39 to cook word info tunu   9  
39 to cook word info tunu pāni   9  
39 to cook word info tao 'cook in oven' 10  
196 to count kauwi   8  
196 to count wakalau   8, 62  
196 to count tatau (rar) 8 L
34 to cry tangi sound, cry (sg) 1  
34 to cry wetangi cry (pl) 1  
34 to cry tatangi sound (pl) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info koti   9  
78 to cut, hack word info yemu      
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
75 to die, be dead payako      
75 to die, be dead palewe   41  
75 to die, be dead palewa   41  
75 to die, be dead pānakia      
90 to dig keli   1  
90 to dig tolo   1  
50 to dream miti   36  
50 to dream moemiti moemiti = (rar) 7, 36  
40 to drink inu   1  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
37 to eat kaikai   1, 44  
37 to eat lamulamu      
37 to eat taumamaya      
37 to eat tamitami      
95 to fall word info makulu   11  
95 to fall word info yinga to fall over (sg.) 44  
95 to fall word info pangulu   59  
95 to fall word info   14  
95 to fall word info yīyinga to fall over (pl.) 44  
22 to fear mataku sg. 1  
22 to fear mātataku pl. 1  
123 to flow yeke   36  
101 to fly pepeke pepeke    
101 to fly welele welele (pl) 11  
101 to fly lele lele (sg) 11  
86 to grow word info tupu   1  
44 to hear longo   1  
44 to hear langona   1  
171 to hide word info nanā   17  
72 to hit word info patu   7  
72 to hit word info vayi      
89 to hold word info liko      
89 to hold word info tango   14  
69 to hunt word info yākili wuli (of crabs) 8  
69 to hunt word info ulu wuli (of crabs) 8  
69 to hunt word info wuli wuli (of crabs) 8  
74 to kill patu   9  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iloa sg 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable īloloa pl 13  
20 to know, be knowledgeable mau   122  
20 to know, be knowledgeable māwutu   122  
20 to know, be knowledgeable wanewane      
33 to laugh kata k?kata = (pl) 7  
33 to laugh kākata k?kata = (pl) 7  
49 to lie down word info takoto   7  
49 to lie down word info moe ki lalo   6  
76 to live, be alive ola (sg) 6  
76 to live, be alive ōla (pl) 6  
92 to open, uncover wuke   1  
92 to open, uncover wuwuke   1  
92 to open, uncover yuke   1  
92 to open, uncover yuyuke   1  
84 to plant toki   4, 5  
84 to plant tanu   2  
84 to plant poki   4, 5?  
93 to pound, beat word info patupatu      
93 to pound, beat word info tukituki   2  
64 to say mea   88  
77 to scratch word info laku   9  
46 to see kite   1  
46 to see kitea   1  
67 to sew word info tui   13  
70 to shoot word info wena   1?  
51 to sit (sg) 16  
51 to sit nōnō (pl) 16  
48 to sleep moe   10  
48 to sleep momoe pl 10  
48 to sleep lowi      
29 to sniff, smell yongi   9  
36 to spit puaki   16  
36 to spit yuuvale to spit/spittle 18?  
80 to split word info vayi   4  
80 to split word info vavayi   4  
88 to squeeze word info kume   14  
88 to squeeze word info kuku   14  
71 to stab, pierce yuki   11  
71 to stab, pierce Pukapuka agreement tempting but probably not cognate    
71 to stab, pierce yoka to stab, pierce, husk coconuts 11  
52 to stand (sg) 2  
52 to stand wetū (pl) 2  
73 to steal kaiā   7  
42 to suck miti   8  
42 to suck ngote   9  
87 to swell word info pupute   30  
9 to swim kakau   5  
9 to swim tākele   5  
21 to think manatu   9  
21 to think mayala   8  
21 to think manako   7  
94 to throw word info tili   9  
94 to throw word info kamo      
94 to throw word info newu      
94 to throw word info uti      
66 to tie up, fasten yele   14?  
8 to turn word info wuli   15  
8 to turn word info paniwi   26  
8 to turn word info niniwi   26  
8 to turn word info tipa   11?  
8 to turn word info pale   11  
8 to turn word info uwe   27  
35 to vomit lua   8  
35 to vomit luaki   8, 31  
5 to walk yaele sg. 6  
5 to walk yāeleele pl. - because there is a reduplication, macrons don't span morpheme boundaries 6  
83 to work word info angānga   10  
83 to work word info yanga   10  
47 to yawn waka/manga Pollex 06: Waka/manga. :Yawn (Sby). 19, 28  
32 tongue alelo   15  
31 tooth nio   1  
207 Twenty word info tinolua 20 people 3  
207 Twenty word info luangaulu (Rarotongan) 3, 6 L
207 Twenty word info laulua traditional Puk. 5  
198 Two word info lua   1  
138 warm word info māyana   1, 72  
138 warm word info vela   8  
122 water word info yua   2  
185 we word info tāua   1, 29  
185 we word info tātou   1, 39  
185 we word info māua   2, 29  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
185 we word info a māua   2, 29  
185 we word info a tāua   1, 29  
141 wet yuyū   11  
188 what? word info wea   1?  
170 when? word info wea   5  
181 where? word info i wea   3, 35  
148 white kena   10  
148 white mumuka      
189 who? word info ai   1  
159 wide lapalapa   48  
58 wife wawine   5, 68  
136 wind matangi   1, 66  
100 wing kapakapa   1, 39  
100 wing pakayau   1, 58  
55 woman/female wawine (sg) (likely EPn loan-MW) 1, 106  
55 woman/female wāwine (pl) (likely EPn loan-MW) 1, 106  
127 woods/forest vao   14  
107 worm (earthworm) veli      
169 year matawiti   7  
169 year tākalonga      
150 yellow yengayenga   10?  
186 you kōlua   x  
186 you kōtou   16  

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