abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Futuna-Aniwa

Source/Author:  Kenneth Fakamuri, POLLEX 2002 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk      
62 thatch/roof      
202 Six word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand rima   1  
2 left masui   1, 74  
3 right matau   5, 13  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
6 road/path retu   53  
7 to come hmai [ṃai]   1  
9 to swim kaukau   5  
11 dust baku      
12 skin kiri   1  
13 back word info bua   11  
14 belly shinae [ʃinae]   19, 34  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
16 intestines hgavava [ŋ̥avave]   11  
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast u   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa   13  
21 to think manatunea   9  
22 to fear mataku   1  
23 blood toto   4  
24 head uru   1  
25 neck kaupenaua   21, 18  
26 hair word info fufuru-uru   31  
27 nose isu   1  
28 to breathe hmava [ṃava]   1  
29 to sniff, smell namuia   41  
30 mouth fafa   1  
31 tooth nifo   1  
32 tongue rero   15  
33 to laugh kata   7  
34 to cry tangi   1  
35 to vomit hlua [ḷua]   8  
36 to spit savari   18  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
38 to chew word info maia   1?  
39 to cook word info hkavi   2  
39 to cook word info htunu   9  
40 to drink inu   1  
41 to bite mangushia [maŋuʃia]   9  
42 to suck umia   12  
43 ear taringa   1  
44 to hear rangona   1  
45 eye feimata   1  
46 to see safea      
48 to sleep moeroa   10  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
50 to dream mishi [miʃi]   36  
51 to sit buku   122?  
52 to stand tu   2  
53 person/human being tangata   1, 66  
54 man/male tane   1, 11  
55 woman/female [fʰine]   1, 41  
56 child tama   6  
57 husband tangata   23  
58 wife [fʰine]   5, 89  
59 mother shinana   1  
60 father tamana   1  
61 house fare   14  
63 name ingoa   6  
64 to say tukua   27  
65 rope vava   2?  
67 to sew word info sukia   17  
69 to hunt word info hmoshi [mcʃi]      
70 to shoot word info fania   1  
71 to stab, pierce sukia   1, 8  
73 to steal ʃiŋo      
74 to kill jia ka mate   2  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
76 to live, be alive mouri   1, 76  
77 to scratch word info arashia   10  
78 to cut, hack word info saua      
79 stick/wood ranea      
80 to split word info fasia   4  
81 sharp [ṃtakai]   14, 16  
82 dull, blunt [ṃtapuni]   39, 49  
83 to work word info fishikai   26  
84 to plant hpura [pʰura]      
85 to choose tusia      
87 to swell word info hfura[fʰura]   7  
88 to squeeze word info kumkumia   14  
89 to hold word info kumia   85  
90 to dig keria   1  
91 to buy takamata   43  
92 to open, uncover atongia      
93 to pound, beat word info tuhtukia   2  
94 to throw word info shiri   9  
95 to fall word info takaifo   87?  
96 dog kuli   7  
97 bird manu   1  
98 egg vahvaka   9  
99 feather furu [furu]   1  
100 wing pahkau   1, 58  
101 to fly rere   11  
102 rat kimoa   14  
103 meat/flesh hkano [kʰano]   14  
104 fat/grease ngako   14  
105 tail suku   13  
106 snake ngata   12  
107 worm (earthworm) nufekere   9  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito namo   1  
110 spider toutouafare   5  
111 fish ika   1  
112 rotten word info purau   15  
113 branch word info -ra   1  
114 leaf -rau   1  
115 root -akai   2  
116 flower -se   9  
117 fruit -fua   1  
118 grass ngafari   1  
119 earth/soil kere   10  
120 stone fātu   1  
121 sand hngaone[ŋ̥aone]   1  
122 water word info vai   2  
123 to flow tafe   10  
124 sea tai   1  
127 woods/forest ngamotu hmara [ṃara]   66?  
128 sky rangi   1  
129 moon [ṃrama]   7  
130 star fatū   1  
131 cloud word info boa   12, 67  
132 fog kofu   1, 47  
133 rain ua   1  
134 thunder vahshiri   14  
135 lightning tapeia   13?  
136 wind [ṃtangi]   1, 66  
137 to blow word info hsau [sʰau]   12  
137 to blow word info ifia   5  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
139 cold word info makahlingi   1, 53  
140 dry word info matu   66  
141 wet hnupu [n̥upu]   68?  
142 heavy hmafa [ṃafa]   46  
143 fire afi   1  
144 to burn word info tungia   7  
145 smoke word info ausafi   2  
146 ash namuhlanga   44  
146 ash magarafu   67  
147 black uri   7  
148 white hkengo [kʰeŋa]   10  
149 red hmea [ṃea]   1  
150 yellow raunea hleu [ḷeu]      
151 green raunea mahmata   1, 12  
152 small sisi   81, 83  
153 big sore   72  
154 short word info hpoto [pʰoto]   9  
155 long word info hpalo [pʰalo]   72  
156 thin word info mafinfini   1  
157 thick word info matoru   3  
158 narrow hkapi [kʰapi]   1  
159 wide hlafa [ḷafa]   48  
160 painful, sick maki   1  
161 shy, ashamed hma [ṃa]   1  
162 old word info takausore      
163 new fou   1  
164 good rufie   92  
165 bad, evil sa   1  
166 correct, true nomari      
167 night bo   1  
168 day ao   1, 54  
169 year tau   1  
170 when? word info afia   5  
171 to hide word info hmuni [ṃuni]   1, 67  
172 to climb word info kʰava      
172 to climb word info fishi   6  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside weitakoro      
175 above weihlunga   9  
176 below weiraro   8  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
178 that tena   1  
179 near tata   9  
180 far hpai [pʰai]   43  
181 where? word info wafe   3, 35  
182 I avau   1, 21, 18  
183 thou akoe   1  
184 he/she aia   1  
185 we word info kìmaua   2, 29  
188 what? word info taha   1  
189 who? word info akai   1  
190 other teiai   7?  
191 all kireoʃi   60?  
192 and ma   2  
193 if pe   28  
194 how? word info pekua   11, 52?  
195 no, not shikai   10, 83  
196 to count taua   8  
197 One word info tasi   14, 48  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info toru   1  
200 Four word info hfa [fʰa]   1, 66  
19 shoulder pahkau "h" is unexpected - JCM 22  
10 dirty uriuri 'dark' form cognate with 114, but not same semantic value -MW    
165 bad, evil saa Bad 1  
161 shy, ashamed hma Be ashamed, embarassed (Dty) 1  
78 to cut, hack word info motu Be severed, cut, broke (Dty) 54, 14  
14 belly manava Belly 9  
16 intestines jinae Belly, abdomen, stomach 1  
176 below raro Below, underneath, down (Dty) 8  
153 big efa Big (Ply) 13  
15 bone iui Bone (ANI) (Dty) 52, 5  
125 salt sol borrowed   L
70 to shoot word info fana Bow, shoot 1  
80 to split word info tapasi/a Break, split; separate 4  
28 to breathe manava Breathe rapidly (as with fright) (Dty) 1  
159 wide xlafa Broad, wide 48  
149 red mea Brown, red 1  
144 to burn word info tuŋ/tuŋia/ Burn many things 7  
144 to burn word info tugi/a Burn, ignite, roast (Dty) 7  
139 cold word info makaligi Cold 1, 53  
39 to cook word info tao Cook in earth oven 10  
72 to hit word info jia [ǰia] could be palatalised *ta - jcm 10?  
196 to count tau/a Count, add, read (Dty) 8  
34 to cry tagi Cry 1  
78 to cut, hack word info tu/ia Cut away, cut off 17  
78 to cut, hack word info sere Cut, circumcise 16  
167 night po Dark, darkness, night (Dty) 1  
90 to dig keri/a Dig 1  
185 we word info kìtaua dl 1, 29  
186 you korua dl x  
187 they kiraua dl x  
50 to dream miji Dream (Dty) 36  
37 to eat keina Eat (Trans.) 1, 44  
45 eye mata Eye 1  
60 father tama/na Father 1  
185 we word info a/kita/ua First person inclusive dual pronoun (Dty) 1, 29  
185 we word info a/kita/tou First person inclusive plural pronoun (Dty) 1, 39  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand-arm.(Source: Pollex) 1  
116 flower se Flower (Dty) 9  
37 to eat kai kai Food, eat (Dty) 1, 44  
200 Four word info fa Four (Cpl) 1, 66  
14 belly alo Front, chest 10  
117 fruit fua Fruit (Dty 1  
172 to climb word info fiji Go up, ascend (Dty) 6  
151 green moto Green, bitter, unripe (Dty) 10  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
26 hair word info ra-uru Hair of head 40  
26 hair word info furu Hair, fur, feathers (Dty) 31  
142 heavy mafa Heavy 46  
72 to hit word info tuki Hit, poke, punch (Dty) 8  
182 I au I, me (Dty) 1, 21  
174 in, inside i In, at, on x  
16 intestines vava Intestines 11  
29 to sniff, smell soŋi Kiss 9  
114 leaf rau Leaf (Dty) 1  
54 man/male taane Male 1, 11  
53 person/human being tafata Man, person, human being (Dty) 1, 66  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
59 mother tsinana Mother 1  
59 mother nana Mother (vocative) 1, 83  
63 name e/igoa Name (Dty) 6  
68 needle sik/up Needle for sewing nets (Dty) 9  
205 Nine word info iva Nine (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
66 to tie up, fasten rishia not a Fut word - JCM 14?, 16?  
58 wife nofune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
58 wife nafune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
160 painful, sick hmae Pain (Dty) 10  
71 to stab, pierce suki/a Pierce, stab, sew (Dty) 1, 8  
19 shoulder pakau Polelx 06: Pakau. :Wing, shoulder (Dty). 22  
146 ash efu Pollex 06: Efu. :Ashes. 67  
99 feather furu Pollex 06: Furu. :Hair, fur, feathers (Dty). 1  
38 to chew word info mama Pollex 06: Mama. :Chew. 1  
129 moon mrama Pollex 06: Mrama. :Moon, month. 7  
81 sharp mta/kai Pollex 06: Mta/kai. :Sharp (Cpl). 14, 16  
191 all otshi Pollex 06: Otshi. :All. 60?  
10 dirty paku Pollex 06: Paku. :Dirty; a blot (Cpl). 37  
25 neck penaaua Pollex 06: Penaaua. :Neck. 21, 18  
8 to turn word info tafuri Pollex 06: Tafuri. :To turn (Dty). 15  
64 to say tuku/a Pollex 06: Tuku/a. :Say, tell. 27  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
65 rope taura Rope (Cpl) 9  
112 rotten word info popo Rotted (Dty) 14  
112 rotten word info para Rotten; to decay 13  
123 to flow sari/a Run, flow (Dty) 24  
121 sand one Sand 1  
77 to scratch word info arajia Scratch, engrave, claw (Dty) 10  
183 thou -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty) 1  
186 you -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty), Second person dual pronoun, you (Dty), Second person plural pronoun in nucleus of the phrase (Ply) s  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 1  
152 small poto Short 10  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
154 short word info saka Short, short of stature (Dty) 10  
51 to sit nofo Sit 16  
128 sky ragi Sky, heaven (Dty) 1  
72 to hit word info paki Slap, strike with the open hand (Dty) 6  
145 smoke word info au Smoke (Dty) 2  
166 correct, true tonu Straight, correct (Dty) 8  
42 to suck umi/a Suck, to nurse (Dty) 12  
87 to swell word info fura Swell (of a sore) 7  
9 to swim kau Swim (Dty) 5  
105 tail siku Tail, tail end (Dty) 13  
206 Ten word info -gafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info t/agafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info tar/agafuru/ Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
21 to think manatu/nea Think, meditate, understand (Dty) 9  
184 he/she -ia Third person singular personal pronoun 1  
94 to throw word info tsiri Throw 9  
134 thunder vehjiri Thunder (Dty) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten fau/sia To bind (Dty) 11  
137 to blow word info ifi/a To blow (Dty) 5  
136 wind sau To blow (of wind); sound of wind 10  
140 dry word info masa To dry up, evaporate completely (Dty) 11  
86 to grow word info somo To grow of plants 7  
131 cloud word info tih/tea To shine after rain (of sun) (Dty) 13  
36 to spit saavari-a To spit, spittle (Dty) 18  
67 to sew word info tui To thread, string something (Dty) 13  
79 stick/wood rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1  
113 branch word info rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1, 4  
35 to vomit lua vomit 8  
35 to vomit h/lua/ vomit (Dty) 8  
160 painful, sick are/ki Weak, sick (Dty) 1?  
141 wet su Wet (Dty) 11  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
188 what? word info ha What? (Dty) 1  
181 where? word info ua/fe Where? (Dty) 3, 35  
148 white tea White 8  
136 wind matagi Wind (Dty) 1, 66  
100 wing pakau Wing, shoulder (Dty) 1, 58  
58 wife fine Woman, girl, female, wife (Dty) 5, 89  
55 woman/female fafine Women 1, 106  
47 to yawn (h)mava Yawn, pull in breath (Dty) 19  
150 yellow fero Yellow (Dty) 11  
126 lake namo [=small pool] 7  
68 needle nil [borrowed - 'nail'] 16 L

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