abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Futuna-Aniwa

Source/Author:  Kenneth Fakamuri, POLLEX 2002 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk      
62 thatch/roof      
202 Six word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
10 dirty uriuri 'dark' form cognate with 114, but not same semantic value -MW    
11 dust baku      
46 to see safea      
69 to hunt word info hmoshi [mcʃi]      
73 to steal ʃiŋo      
78 to cut, hack word info saua      
79 stick/wood ranea      
84 to plant hpura [pʰura]      
85 to choose tusia      
92 to open, uncover atongia      
125 salt sol borrowed   L
150 yellow raunea hleu [ḷeu]      
162 old word info takausore      
166 correct, true nomari      
172 to climb word info kʰava      
174 in, inside weitakoro      
1 hand rima   1  
7 to come hmai [ṃai]   1  
12 skin kiri   1  
16 intestines jinae Belly, abdomen, stomach 1  
17 liver ate   1  
18 breast u   1  
22 to fear mataku   1  
24 head uru   1  
27 nose isu   1  
28 to breathe hmava [ṃava]   1  
28 to breathe manava Breathe rapidly (as with fright) (Dty) 1  
30 mouth fafa   1  
31 tooth nifo   1  
34 to cry tangi   1  
34 to cry tagi Cry 1  
38 to chew word info mama Pollex 06: Mama. :Chew. 1  
40 to drink inu   1  
43 ear taringa   1  
44 to hear rangona   1  
45 eye feimata   1  
45 eye mata Eye 1  
59 mother shinana   1  
59 mother tsinana Mother 1  
60 father tamana   1  
60 father tama/na Father 1  
70 to shoot word info fania   1  
70 to shoot word info fana Bow, shoot 1  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
79 stick/wood rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
90 to dig keria   1  
90 to dig keri/a Dig 1  
97 bird manu   1  
99 feather furu [furu]   1  
99 feather furu Pollex 06: Furu. :Hair, fur, feathers (Dty). 1  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito namo   1  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
111 fish ika   1  
113 branch word info -ra   1  
114 leaf -rau   1  
114 leaf rau Leaf (Dty) 1  
117 fruit -fua   1  
117 fruit fua Fruit (Dty 1  
118 grass ngafari   1  
120 stone fātu   1  
121 sand hngaone[ŋ̥aone]   1  
121 sand one Sand 1  
124 sea tai   1  
128 sky rangi   1  
128 sky ragi Sky, heaven (Dty) 1  
130 star fatū   1  
133 rain ua   1  
143 fire afi   1  
149 red hmea [ṃea]   1  
149 red mea Brown, red 1  
156 thin word info mafinfini   1  
158 narrow hkapi [kʰapi]   1  
160 painful, sick maki   1  
161 shy, ashamed hma [ṃa]   1  
161 shy, ashamed hma Be ashamed, embarassed (Dty) 1  
163 new fou   1  
165 bad, evil sa   1  
165 bad, evil saa Bad 1  
167 night bo   1  
167 night po Dark, darkness, night (Dty) 1  
169 year tau   1  
173 at i   1  
178 that tena   1  
183 thou akoe   1  
183 thou -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty) 1  
184 he/she aia   1  
184 he/she -ia Third person singular personal pronoun 1  
188 what? word info taha   1  
188 what? word info ha What? (Dty) 1  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
189 who? word info akai   1  
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info toru   1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand-arm.(Source: Pollex) 1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 1  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
151 green raunea mahmata   1, 12  
182 I avau   1, 21, 18  
185 we word info kìtaua dl 1, 29  
185 we word info a/kita/ua First person inclusive dual pronoun (Dty) 1, 29  
185 we word info a/kita/tou First person inclusive plural pronoun (Dty) 1, 39  
132 fog kofu   1, 47  
168 day ao   1, 54  
171 to hide word info hmuni [ṃuni]   1, 67  
2 left masui   1, 74  
76 to live, be alive mouri   1, 76  
71 to stab, pierce sukia   1, 8  
71 to stab, pierce suki/a Pierce, stab, sew (Dty) 1, 8  
55 woman/female fafine Women 1, 106  
54 man/male tane   1, 11  
54 man/male taane Male 1, 11  
182 I au I, me (Dty) 1, 21  
113 branch word info rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1, 4  
55 woman/female [fʰine]   1, 41  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
37 to eat kai kai Food, eat (Dty) 1, 44  
37 to eat keina Eat (Trans.) 1, 44  
139 cold word info makahlingi   1, 53  
139 cold word info makaligi Cold 1, 53  
100 wing pahkau   1, 58  
100 wing pakau Wing, shoulder (Dty) 1, 58  
53 person/human being tangata   1, 66  
53 person/human being tafata Man, person, human being (Dty) 1, 66  
136 wind [ṃtangi]   1, 66  
136 wind matagi Wind (Dty) 1, 66  
200 Four word info hfa [fʰa]   1, 66  
200 Four word info fa Four (Cpl) 1, 66  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
59 mother nana Mother (vocative) 1, 83  
14 belly alo Front, chest 10  
39 to cook word info tao Cook in earth oven 10  
48 to sleep moeroa   10  
77 to scratch word info arashia   10  
77 to scratch word info arajia Scratch, engrave, claw (Dty) 10  
119 earth/soil kere   10  
123 to flow tafe   10  
136 wind sau To blow (of wind); sound of wind 10  
148 white hkengo [kʰeŋa]   10  
151 green moto Green, bitter, unripe (Dty) 10  
152 small poto Short 10  
154 short word info saka Short, short of stature (Dty) 10  
160 painful, sick hmae Pain (Dty) 10  
195 no, not shikai   10, 83  
72 to hit word info jia [ǰia] could be palatalised *ta - jcm 10?  
13 back word info bua   11  
16 intestines hgavava [ŋ̥avave]   11  
16 intestines vava Intestines 11  
66 to tie up, fasten fau/sia To bind (Dty) 11  
101 to fly rere   11  
140 dry word info masa To dry up, evaporate completely (Dty) 11  
141 wet su Wet (Dty) 11  
150 yellow fero Yellow (Dty) 11  
194 how? word info pekua   11, 52?  
42 to suck umia   12  
42 to suck umi/a Suck, to nurse (Dty) 12  
106 snake ngata   12  
137 to blow word info hsau [sʰau]   12  
131 cloud word info boa   12, 67  
51 to sit buku   122?  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa   13  
67 to sew word info tui To thread, string something (Dty) 13  
105 tail suku   13  
105 tail siku Tail, tail end (Dty) 13  
112 rotten word info para Rotten; to decay 13  
131 cloud word info tih/tea To shine after rain (of sun) (Dty) 13  
153 big efa Big (Ply) 13  
135 lightning tapeia   13?  
61 house fare   14  
88 to squeeze word info kumkumia   14  
102 rat kimoa   14  
103 meat/flesh hkano [kʰano]   14  
104 fat/grease ngako   14  
112 rotten word info popo Rotted (Dty) 14  
134 thunder vahshiri   14  
134 thunder vehjiri Thunder (Dty) 14  
81 sharp [ṃtakai]   14, 16  
81 sharp mta/kai Pollex 06: Mta/kai. :Sharp (Cpl). 14, 16  
197 One word info tasi   14, 48  
66 to tie up, fasten rishia not a Fut word - JCM 14?, 16?  
8 to turn word info tafuri Pollex 06: Tafuri. :To turn (Dty). 15  
32 tongue rero   15  
112 rotten word info purau   15  
51 to sit nofo Sit 16  
68 needle nil [borrowed - 'nail'] 16 L
78 to cut, hack word info sere Cut, circumcise 16  
67 to sew word info sukia   17  
78 to cut, hack word info tu/ia Cut away, cut off 17  
36 to spit savari   18  
36 to spit saavari-a To spit, spittle (Dty) 18  
47 to yawn (h)mava Yawn, pull in breath (Dty) 19  
14 belly shinae [ʃinae]   19, 34  
38 to chew word info maia   1?  
160 painful, sick are/ki Weak, sick (Dty) 1?  
39 to cook word info hkavi   2  
52 to stand tu   2  
74 to kill jia ka mate   2  
93 to pound, beat word info tuhtukia   2  
115 root -akai   2  
122 water word info vai   2  
145 smoke word info ausafi   2  
145 smoke word info au Smoke (Dty) 2  
192 and ma   2  
185 we word info kìmaua   2, 29  
25 neck kaupenaua   21, 18  
25 neck penaaua Pollex 06: Penaaua. :Neck. 21, 18  
19 shoulder pahkau "h" is unexpected - JCM 22  
19 shoulder pakau Polelx 06: Pakau. :Wing, shoulder (Dty). 22  
57 husband tangata   23  
123 to flow sari/a Run, flow (Dty) 24  
83 to work word info fishikai   26  
64 to say tukua   27  
64 to say tuku/a Pollex 06: Tuku/a. :Say, tell. 27  
193 if pe   28  
65 rope vava   2?  
157 thick word info matoru   3  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
181 where? word info wafe   3, 35  
181 where? word info ua/fe Where? (Dty) 3, 35  
26 hair word info fufuru-uru   31  
26 hair word info furu Hair, fur, feathers (Dty) 31  
50 to dream mishi [miʃi]   36  
50 to dream miji Dream (Dty) 36  
10 dirty paku Pollex 06: Paku. :Dirty; a blot (Cpl). 37  
82 dull, blunt [ṃtapuni]   39, 49  
23 blood toto   4  
80 to split word info fasia   4  
80 to split word info tapasi/a Break, split; separate 4  
26 hair word info ra-uru Hair of head 40  
29 to sniff, smell namuia   41  
91 to buy takamata   43  
180 far hpai [pʰai]   43  
146 ash namuhlanga   44  
142 heavy hmafa [ṃafa]   46  
142 heavy mafa Heavy 46  
159 wide hlafa [ḷafa]   48  
159 wide xlafa Broad, wide 48  
9 to swim kaukau   5  
9 to swim kau Swim (Dty) 5  
110 spider toutouafare   5  
137 to blow word info ifi/a To blow (Dty) 5  
137 to blow word info ifia   5  
170 when? word info afia   5  
206 Ten word info -gafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info t/agafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info tar/agafuru/ Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
58 wife [fʰine]   5, 89  
58 wife fine Woman, girl, female, wife (Dty) 5, 89  
3 right matau   5, 13  
58 wife nofune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
58 wife nafune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
205 Nine word info iva Nine (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
15 bone iui Bone (ANI) (Dty) 52, 5  
6 road/path retu   53  
78 to cut, hack word info motu Be severed, cut, broke (Dty) 54, 14  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
56 child tama   6  
63 name ingoa   6  
63 name e/igoa Name (Dty) 6  
72 to hit word info paki Slap, strike with the open hand (Dty) 6  
172 to climb word info fiji Go up, ascend (Dty) 6  
172 to climb word info fishi   6  
191 all kireoʃi   60?  
191 all otshi Pollex 06: Otshi. :All. 60?  
140 dry word info matu   66  
127 woods/forest ngamotu hmara [ṃara]   66?  
146 ash efu Pollex 06: Efu. :Ashes. 67  
146 ash magarafu   67  
141 wet hnupu [n̥upu]   68?  
33 to laugh kata   7  
86 to grow word info somo To grow of plants 7  
87 to swell word info hfura[fʰura]   7  
87 to swell word info fura Swell (of a sore) 7  
96 dog kuli   7  
126 lake namo [=small pool] 7  
129 moon [ṃrama]   7  
129 moon mrama Pollex 06: Mrama. :Moon, month. 7  
144 to burn word info tungia   7  
144 to burn word info tugi/a Burn, ignite, roast (Dty) 7  
144 to burn word info tuŋ/tuŋia/ Burn many things 7  
147 black uri   7  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
153 big sore   72  
155 long word info hpalo [pʰalo]   72  
190 other teiai   7?  
35 to vomit hlua [ḷua]   8  
35 to vomit lua vomit 8  
35 to vomit h/lua/ vomit (Dty) 8  
72 to hit word info tuki Hit, poke, punch (Dty) 8  
148 white tea White 8  
166 correct, true tonu Straight, correct (Dty) 8  
176 below weiraro   8  
176 below raro Below, underneath, down (Dty) 8  
196 to count taua   8  
196 to count tau/a Count, add, read (Dty) 8  
152 small sisi   81, 83  
89 to hold word info kumia   85  
95 to fall word info takaifo   87?  
14 belly manava Belly 9  
21 to think manatunea   9  
21 to think manatu/nea Think, meditate, understand (Dty) 9  
29 to sniff, smell soŋi Kiss 9  
39 to cook word info htunu   9  
41 to bite mangushia [maŋuʃia]   9  
65 rope taura Rope (Cpl) 9  
68 needle sik/up Needle for sewing nets (Dty) 9  
94 to throw word info shiri   9  
94 to throw word info tsiri Throw 9  
98 egg vahvaka   9  
107 worm (earthworm) nufekere   9  
116 flower -se   9  
116 flower se Flower (Dty) 9  
154 short word info hpoto [pʰoto]   9  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
175 above weihlunga   9  
179 near tata   9  
164 good rufie   92  
186 you -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty), Second person dual pronoun, you (Dty), Second person plural pronoun in nucleus of the phrase (Ply) s  
174 in, inside i In, at, on x  
186 you korua dl x  
187 they kiraua dl x  

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