abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Futuna-Aniwa

Source/Author:  Kenneth Fakamuri, POLLEX 2002 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
5 to walk      
62 thatch/roof      
202 Six word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
47 to yawn (h)mava Yawn, pull in breath (Dty) 19  
115 root -akai   2  
117 fruit -fua   1  
206 Ten word info -gafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
184 he/she -ia Third person singular personal pronoun 1  
183 thou -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty) 1  
186 you -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty), Second person dual pronoun, you (Dty), Second person plural pronoun in nucleus of the phrase (Ply) s  
113 branch word info -ra   1  
114 leaf -rau   1  
116 flower -se   9  
55 woman/female [fʰine]   1, 41  
58 wife [fʰine]   5, 89  
129 moon [ṃrama]   7  
81 sharp [ṃtakai]   14, 16  
136 wind [ṃtangi]   1, 66  
82 dull, blunt [ṃtapuni]   39, 49  
185 we word info a/kita/tou First person inclusive plural pronoun (Dty) 1, 39  
185 we word info a/kita/ua First person inclusive dual pronoun (Dty) 1, 29  
143 fire afi   1  
170 when? word info afia   5  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
184 he/she aia   1  
189 who? word info akai   1  
183 thou akoe   1  
14 belly alo Front, chest 10  
168 day ao   1, 54  
77 to scratch word info arajia Scratch, engrave, claw (Dty) 10  
77 to scratch word info arashia   10  
160 painful, sick are/ki Weak, sick (Dty) 1?  
17 liver ate   1  
92 to open, uncover atongia      
145 smoke word info au Smoke (Dty) 2  
182 I au I, me (Dty) 1, 21  
145 smoke word info ausafi   2  
182 I avau   1, 21, 18  
11 dust baku      
167 night bo   1  
131 cloud word info boa   12, 67  
13 back word info bua   11  
51 to sit buku   122?  
63 name e/igoa Name (Dty) 6  
153 big efa Big (Ply) 13  
146 ash efu Pollex 06: Efu. :Ashes. 67  
200 Four word info fa Four (Cpl) 1, 66  
30 mouth fafa   1  
55 woman/female fafine Women 1, 106  
70 to shoot word info fana Bow, shoot 1  
70 to shoot word info fania   1  
61 house fare   14  
80 to split word info fasia   4  
130 star fatū   1  
66 to tie up, fasten fau/sia To bind (Dty) 11  
45 eye feimata   1  
150 yellow fero Yellow (Dty) 11  
172 to climb word info fiji Go up, ascend (Dty) 6  
58 wife fine Woman, girl, female, wife (Dty) 5, 89  
172 to climb word info fishi   6  
83 to work word info fishikai   26  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 1  
163 new fou   1  
117 fruit fua Fruit (Dty 1  
26 hair word info fufuru-uru   31  
87 to swell word info fura Swell (of a sore) 7  
26 hair word info furu Hair, fur, feathers (Dty) 31  
99 feather furu Pollex 06: Furu. :Hair, fur, feathers (Dty). 1  
99 feather furu [furu]   1  
120 stone fātu   1  
35 to vomit h/lua/ vomit (Dty) 8  
188 what? word info ha What? (Dty) 1  
200 Four word info hfa [fʰa]   1, 66  
87 to swell word info hfura[fʰura]   7  
16 intestines hgavava [ŋ̥avave]   11  
103 meat/flesh hkano [kʰano]   14  
158 narrow hkapi [kʰapi]   1  
39 to cook word info hkavi   2  
148 white hkengo [kʰeŋa]   10  
159 wide hlafa [ḷafa]   48  
35 to vomit hlua [ḷua]   8  
161 shy, ashamed hma Be ashamed, embarassed (Dty) 1  
161 shy, ashamed hma [ṃa]   1  
160 painful, sick hmae Pain (Dty) 10  
142 heavy hmafa [ṃafa]   46  
7 to come hmai [ṃai]   1  
28 to breathe hmava [ṃava]   1  
149 red hmea [ṃea]   1  
69 to hunt word info hmoshi [mcʃi]      
171 to hide word info hmuni [ṃuni]   1, 67  
121 sand hngaone[ŋ̥aone]   1  
141 wet hnupu [n̥upu]   68?  
180 far hpai [pʰai]   43  
155 long word info hpalo [pʰalo]   72  
154 short word info hpoto [pʰoto]   9  
84 to plant hpura [pʰura]      
137 to blow word info hsau [sʰau]   12  
39 to cook word info htunu   9  
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside i In, at, on x  
137 to blow word info ifi/a To blow (Dty) 5  
137 to blow word info ifia   5  
111 fish ika   1  
63 name ingoa   6  
40 to drink inu   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa   13  
27 nose isu   1  
15 bone iui Bone (ANI) (Dty) 52, 5  
205 Nine word info iva Nine (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
72 to hit word info jia [ǰia] could be palatalised *ta - jcm 10?  
74 to kill jia ka mate   2  
16 intestines jinae Belly, abdomen, stomach 1  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
37 to eat kai kai Food, eat (Dty) 1, 44  
33 to laugh kata   7  
9 to swim kau Swim (Dty) 5  
9 to swim kaukau   5  
25 neck kaupenaua   21, 18  
37 to eat keina Eat (Trans.) 1, 44  
119 earth/soil kere   10  
90 to dig keri/a Dig 1  
90 to dig keria   1  
102 rat kimoa   14  
187 they kiraua dl x  
191 all kireoʃi   60?  
12 skin kiri   1  
132 fog kofu   1, 47  
186 you korua dl x  
96 dog kuli   7  
89 to hold word info kumia   1, 85  
88 to squeeze word info kumkumia   14  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
185 we word info kìmaua   2, 29  
185 we word info kìtaua dl 1, 29  
172 to climb word info kʰava      
35 to vomit lua vomit 8  
192 and ma   2  
142 heavy mafa Heavy 46  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
156 thin word info mafinfini   1  
146 ash magarafu   67  
38 to chew word info maia   1?  
139 cold word info makahlingi   1, 53  
139 cold word info makaligi Cold 1, 53  
160 painful, sick maki   1  
38 to chew word info mama Pollex 06: Mama. :Chew. 1  
21 to think manatu/nea Think, meditate, understand (Dty) 9  
21 to think manatunea   9  
14 belly manava Belly 9  
28 to breathe manava Breathe rapidly (as with fright) (Dty) 1  
41 to bite mangushia [maŋuʃia]   9  
97 bird manu   1  
140 dry word info masa To dry up, evaporate completely (Dty) 11  
2 left masui   1, 74  
45 eye mata Eye 1  
136 wind matagi Wind (Dty) 1, 66  
22 to fear mataku   1  
3 right matau   5, 13  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
157 thick word info matoru   3  
140 dry word info matu   66  
149 red mea Brown, red 1  
50 to dream miji Dream (Dty) 36  
50 to dream mishi [miʃi]   36  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
48 to sleep moeroa   10  
151 green moto Green, bitter, unripe (Dty) 10  
78 to cut, hack word info motu Be severed, cut, broke (Dty) 54, 14  
76 to live, be alive mouri   1, 76  
129 moon mrama Pollex 06: Mrama. :Moon, month. 7  
81 sharp mta/kai Pollex 06: Mta/kai. :Sharp (Cpl). 14, 16  
58 wife nafune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
109 mosquito namo   1  
126 lake namo [=small pool] 7  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
146 ash namuhlanga   44  
29 to sniff, smell namuia   41  
59 mother nana Mother (vocative) 1, 83  
118 grass ngafari   1  
104 fat/grease ngako   14  
127 woods/forest ngamotu hmara [ṃara]   66?  
106 snake ngata   12  
31 tooth nifo   1  
68 needle nil [borrowed - 'nail'] 16 L
51 to sit nofo Sit 16  
58 wife nofune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
166 correct, true nomari      
107 worm (earthworm) nufekere   9  
121 sand one Sand 1  
191 all otshi Pollex 06: Otshi. :All. 60?  
19 shoulder pahkau "h" is unexpected - JCM 22  
100 wing pahkau   1, 58  
19 shoulder pakau Polelx 06: Pakau. :Wing, shoulder (Dty). 22  
100 wing pakau Wing, shoulder (Dty) 1, 58  
72 to hit word info paki Slap, strike with the open hand (Dty) 6  
10 dirty paku Pollex 06: Paku. :Dirty; a blot (Cpl). 37  
112 rotten word info para Rotten; to decay 13  
193 if pe   28  
194 how? word info pekua   11, 52?  
25 neck penaaua Pollex 06: Penaaua. :Neck. 21, 18  
167 night po Dark, darkness, night (Dty) 1  
112 rotten word info popo Rotted (Dty) 14  
152 small poto Short 10  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
112 rotten word info purau   15  
26 hair word info ra-uru Hair of head 40  
128 sky ragi Sky, heaven (Dty) 1  
79 stick/wood rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1  
113 branch word info rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1, 4  
79 stick/wood ranea      
128 sky rangi   1  
44 to hear rangona   1  
176 below raro Below, underneath, down (Dty) 8  
114 leaf rau Leaf (Dty) 1  
150 yellow raunea hleu [ḷeu]      
151 green raunea mahmata   1, 12  
101 to fly rere   11  
32 tongue rero   15  
6 road/path retu   53  
1 hand rima   1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand-arm.(Source: Pollex) 1  
66 to tie up, fasten rishia not a Fut word - JCM 14?, 16?  
198 Two word info rua   1  
164 good rufie   92  
165 bad, evil sa   1  
165 bad, evil saa Bad 1  
36 to spit saavari-a To spit, spittle (Dty) 18  
46 to see safea      
154 short word info saka Short, short of stature (Dty) 10  
123 to flow sari/a Run, flow (Dty) 24  
136 wind sau To blow (of wind); sound of wind 10  
78 to cut, hack word info saua      
36 to spit savari   18  
116 flower se Flower (Dty) 9  
78 to cut, hack word info sere Cut, circumcise 16  
195 no, not shikai   10, 83  
14 belly shinae [ʃinae]   19, 34  
59 mother shinana   1  
94 to throw word info shiri   9  
68 needle sik/up Needle for sewing nets (Dty) 9  
105 tail siku Tail, tail end (Dty) 13  
152 small sisi   81, 83  
125 salt sol borrowed   L
86 to grow word info somo To grow of plants 7  
153 big sore   72  
29 to sniff, smell soŋi Kiss 9  
141 wet su Wet (Dty) 11  
71 to stab, pierce suki/a Pierce, stab, sew (Dty) 1, 8  
67 to sew word info sukia   17  
71 to stab, pierce sukia   1, 8  
105 tail suku   13  
206 Ten word info t/agafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
54 man/male taane Male 1, 11  
53 person/human being tafata Man, person, human being (Dty) 1, 66  
123 to flow tafe   10  
8 to turn word info tafuri Pollex 06: Tafuri. :To turn (Dty). 15  
34 to cry tagi Cry 1  
188 what? word info taha   1  
124 sea tai   1  
95 to fall word info takaifo   87?  
91 to buy takamata   43  
162 old word info takausore      
56 child tama   6  
60 father tama/na Father 1  
60 father tamana   1  
54 man/male tane   1, 11  
53 person/human being tangata   1, 66  
57 husband tangata   23  
34 to cry tangi   1  
39 to cook word info tao Cook in earth oven 10  
80 to split word info tapasi/a Break, split; separate 4  
135 lightning tapeia   13?  
206 Ten word info tar/agafuru/ Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
43 ear taringa   1  
197 One word info tasi   14, 48  
179 near tata   9  
169 year tau   1  
196 to count tau/a Count, add, read (Dty) 8  
196 to count taua   8  
65 rope taura Rope (Cpl) 9  
148 white tea White 8  
190 other teiai   7?  
178 that tena   1  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
131 cloud word info tih/tea To shine after rain (of sun) (Dty) 13  
166 correct, true tonu Straight, correct (Dty) 8  
199 Three word info toru   1  
23 blood toto   4  
110 spider toutouafare   5  
59 mother tsinana Mother 1  
94 to throw word info tsiri Throw 9  
52 to stand tu   2  
78 to cut, hack word info tu/ia Cut away, cut off 17  
144 to burn word info tugi/a Burn, ignite, roast (Dty) 7  
93 to pound, beat word info tuhtukia   20, 2  
67 to sew word info tui To thread, string something (Dty) 13  
72 to hit word info tuki Hit, poke, punch (Dty) 8  
64 to say tuku/a Pollex 06: Tuku/a. :Say, tell. 27  
64 to say tukua   27  
144 to burn word info tungia   7  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
85 to choose tusia      
144 to burn word info tuŋ/tuŋia/ Burn many things 7  
18 breast u   1  
133 rain ua   1  
181 where? word info ua/fe Where? (Dty) 3, 35  
42 to suck umi/a Suck, to nurse (Dty) 12  
42 to suck umia   12  
147 black uri   7  
10 dirty uriuri 'dark' form cognate with 114, but not same semantic value -MW    
24 head uru   1  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
134 thunder vahshiri   14  
98 egg vahvaka   9  
122 water word info vai   2  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
16 intestines vava Intestines 11  
65 rope vava   2?  
134 thunder vehjiri Thunder (Dty) 14  
181 where? word info wafe   3, 35  
175 above weihlunga   9  
176 below weiraro   8  
174 in, inside weitakoro      
159 wide xlafa Broad, wide 48  
73 to steal ʃiŋo      

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