abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Futuna-Aniwa

Source/Author:  Kenneth Fakamuri, POLLEX 2002 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:Samoic-Outlier:Futunic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above weihlunga   9  
191 all kireoʃi   60?  
191 all otshi Pollex 06: Otshi. :All. 60?  
192 and ma   2  
146 ash namuhlanga   44  
146 ash efu Pollex 06: Efu. :Ashes. 67  
146 ash magarafu   67  
173 at i   1  
13 back word info bua   11  
165 bad, evil sa   1  
165 bad, evil saa Bad 1  
14 belly shinae [ʃinae]   19, 34  
14 belly manava Belly 9  
14 belly alo Front, chest 10  
176 below weiraro   8  
176 below raro Below, underneath, down (Dty) 8  
153 big sore   72  
153 big efa Big (Ply) 13  
97 bird manu   1  
147 black uri   7  
23 blood toto   4  
15 bone ivi   52, 5  
15 bone iui Bone (ANI) (Dty) 52, 5  
113 branch word info -ra   1  
113 branch word info rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1, 4  
18 breast u   1  
56 child tama   6  
131 cloud word info boa   12, 67  
131 cloud word info tih/tea To shine after rain (of sun) (Dty) 13  
139 cold word info makahlingi   1, 53  
139 cold word info makaligi Cold 1, 53  
166 correct, true nomari      
166 correct, true tonu Straight, correct (Dty) 8  
168 day ao   1, 54  
10 dirty uriuri 'dark' form cognate with 114, but not same semantic value -MW    
10 dirty paku Pollex 06: Paku. :Dirty; a blot (Cpl). 37  
96 dog kuli   7  
140 dry word info matu   66  
140 dry word info masa To dry up, evaporate completely (Dty) 11  
82 dull, blunt [ṃtapuni]   39, 49  
11 dust baku      
43 ear taringa   1  
119 earth/soil kere   10  
98 egg vahvaka   9  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
45 eye feimata   1  
45 eye mata Eye 1  
180 far hpai [pʰai]   43  
104 fat/grease ngako   14  
60 father tamana   1  
60 father tama/na Father 1  
99 feather furu [furu]   1  
99 feather furu Pollex 06: Furu. :Hair, fur, feathers (Dty). 1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire afi   1  
111 fish ika   1  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand-arm.(Source: Pollex) 1  
116 flower -se   9  
116 flower se Flower (Dty) 9  
132 fog kofu   1, 47  
200 Four word info hfa [fʰa]   1, 66  
200 Four word info fa Four (Cpl) 1, 66  
117 fruit -fua   1  
117 fruit fua Fruit (Dty 1  
164 good rufie   92  
118 grass ngafari   1  
151 green raunea mahmata   1, 12  
151 green moto Green, bitter, unripe (Dty) 10  
26 hair word info fufuru-uru   31  
26 hair word info furu Hair, fur, feathers (Dty) 31  
26 hair word info ra-uru Hair of head 40  
1 hand rima   1  
184 he/she aia   1  
184 he/she -ia Third person singular personal pronoun 1  
24 head uru   1  
142 heavy hmafa [ṃafa]   46  
142 heavy mafa Heavy 46  
61 house fare   14  
194 how? word info pekua   11, 52?  
57 husband tangata   23  
182 I avau   1, 21, 18  
182 I au I, me (Dty) 1, 21  
193 if pe   28  
174 in, inside weitakoro      
174 in, inside i In, at, on x  
16 intestines hgavava [ŋ̥avave]   11  
16 intestines jinae Belly, abdomen, stomach 1  
16 intestines vava Intestines 11  
126 lake namo [=small pool] 7  
114 leaf -rau   1  
114 leaf rau Leaf (Dty) 1  
2 left masui   1, 74  
4 leg/foot vae   1, 100  
135 lightning tapeia   13?  
17 liver ate   1  
155 long word info hpalo [pʰalo]   72  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
54 man/male tane   1, 11  
54 man/male taane Male 1, 11  
103 meat/flesh hkano [kʰano]   14  
129 moon [ṃrama]   7  
129 moon mrama Pollex 06: Mrama. :Moon, month. 7  
109 mosquito namo   1  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito 1  
59 mother shinana   1  
59 mother nana Mother (vocative) 1, 83  
59 mother tsinana Mother 1  
30 mouth fafa   1  
63 name ingoa   6  
63 name e/igoa Name (Dty) 6  
158 narrow hkapi [kʰapi]   1  
179 near tata   9  
25 neck kaupenaua   21, 18  
25 neck penaaua Pollex 06: Penaaua. :Neck. 21, 18  
68 needle nil [borrowed - 'nail'] 16 L
68 needle sik/up Needle for sewing nets (Dty) 9  
163 new fou   1  
167 night bo   1  
167 night po Dark, darkness, night (Dty) 1  
205 Nine word info iva Nine (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
195 no, not shikai   10, 83  
27 nose isu   1  
162 old word info takausore      
197 One word info tasi   14, 48  
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other teiai   7?  
160 painful, sick maki   1  
160 painful, sick hmae Pain (Dty) 10  
160 painful, sick are/ki Weak, sick (Dty) 1?  
53 person/human being tangata   1, 66  
53 person/human being tafata Man, person, human being (Dty) 1, 66  
133 rain ua   1  
102 rat kimoa   14  
149 red hmea [ṃea]   1  
149 red mea Brown, red 1  
3 right matau   5, 13  
6 road/path retu   53  
115 root -akai   2  
65 rope vava   2?  
65 rope taura Rope (Cpl) 9  
112 rotten word info purau   15  
112 rotten word info para Rotten; to decay 13  
112 rotten word info popo Rotted (Dty) 14  
125 salt sol borrowed   L
121 sand hngaone[ŋ̥aone]   1  
121 sand one Sand 1  
124 sea tai   1  
203 Seven word info fitu Seven (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 1  
81 sharp [ṃtakai]   14, 16  
81 sharp mta/kai Pollex 06: Mta/kai. :Sharp (Cpl). 14, 16  
154 short word info hpoto [pʰoto]   9  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
154 short word info saka Short, short of stature (Dty) 10  
19 shoulder pahkau "h" is unexpected - JCM 22  
19 shoulder pakau Polelx 06: Pakau. :Wing, shoulder (Dty). 22  
161 shy, ashamed hma [ṃa]   1  
161 shy, ashamed hma Be ashamed, embarassed (Dty) 1  
202 Six word info      
12 skin kiri   1  
128 sky rangi   1  
128 sky ragi Sky, heaven (Dty) 1  
152 small sisi   81, 83  
152 small poto Short 10  
145 smoke word info ausafi   2  
145 smoke word info au Smoke (Dty) 2  
106 snake ngata   12  
110 spider toutouafare   5  
130 star fatū   1  
79 stick/wood ranea      
79 stick/wood rakau Tree, plant (Dty); club 1  
120 stone fātu   1  
105 tail suku   13  
105 tail siku Tail, tail end (Dty) 13  
206 Ten word info -gafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info t/agafuru Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
206 Ten word info tar/agafuru/ Ten (Dty).(Source: Pollex) 5  
178 that tena   1  
62 thatch/roof      
187 they kiraua dl x  
157 thick word info matoru   3  
156 thin word info mafinfini   1  
177 this tenei   7, 1  
183 thou akoe   1  
183 thou -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty) 1  
199 Three word info toru   1  
134 thunder vahshiri   14  
134 thunder vehjiri Thunder (Dty) 14  
41 to bite mangushia [maŋuʃia]   9  
137 to blow word info hsau [sʰau]   12  
137 to blow word info ifi/a To blow (Dty) 5  
137 to blow word info ifia   5  
28 to breathe hmava [ṃava]   1  
28 to breathe manava Breathe rapidly (as with fright) (Dty) 1  
144 to burn word info tungia   7  
144 to burn word info tugi/a Burn, ignite, roast (Dty) 7  
144 to burn word info tuŋ/tuŋia/ Burn many things 7  
91 to buy takamata   43  
38 to chew word info maia   1?  
38 to chew word info mama Pollex 06: Mama. :Chew. 1  
85 to choose tusia      
172 to climb word info kʰava      
172 to climb word info fiji Go up, ascend (Dty) 6  
172 to climb word info fishi   6  
7 to come hmai [ṃai]   1  
39 to cook word info hkavi   2  
39 to cook word info tao Cook in earth oven 10  
39 to cook word info htunu   9  
196 to count taua   8  
196 to count tau/a Count, add, read (Dty) 8  
34 to cry tangi   1  
34 to cry tagi Cry 1  
78 to cut, hack word info saua      
78 to cut, hack word info motu Be severed, cut, broke (Dty) 54, 14  
78 to cut, hack word info sere Cut, circumcise 16  
78 to cut, hack word info tu/ia Cut away, cut off 17  
75 to die, be dead mate   1  
90 to dig keria   1  
90 to dig keri/a Dig 1  
50 to dream mishi [miʃi]   36  
50 to dream miji Dream (Dty) 36  
40 to drink inu   1  
37 to eat kai   1, 44  
37 to eat kai kai Food, eat (Dty) 1, 44  
37 to eat keina Eat (Trans.) 1, 44  
95 to fall word info takaifo   87?  
22 to fear mataku   1  
123 to flow tafe   10  
123 to flow sari/a Run, flow (Dty) 24  
101 to fly rere   11  
86 to grow word info somo To grow of plants 7  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
44 to hear rangona   1  
171 to hide word info hmuni [ṃuni]   1, 67  
72 to hit word info jia [ǰia] could be palatalised *ta - jcm 10?  
72 to hit word info paki Slap, strike with the open hand (Dty) 6  
72 to hit word info tuki Hit, poke, punch (Dty) 8  
89 to hold word info kumia   85  
69 to hunt word info hmoshi [mcʃi]      
74 to kill jia ka mate   2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable iroa   13  
33 to laugh kata   7  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
76 to live, be alive mouri   1, 76  
92 to open, uncover atongia      
84 to plant hpura [pʰura]      
93 to pound, beat word info tuhtukia   2  
64 to say tukua   27  
64 to say tuku/a Pollex 06: Tuku/a. :Say, tell. 27  
77 to scratch word info arashia   10  
77 to scratch word info arajia Scratch, engrave, claw (Dty) 10  
46 to see safea      
67 to sew word info sukia   17  
67 to sew word info tui To thread, string something (Dty) 13  
70 to shoot word info fania   1  
70 to shoot word info fana Bow, shoot 1  
51 to sit buku   122?  
51 to sit nofo Sit 16  
48 to sleep moeroa   10  
29 to sniff, smell namuia   41  
29 to sniff, smell soŋi Kiss 9  
36 to spit savari   18  
36 to spit saavari-a To spit, spittle (Dty) 18  
80 to split word info fasia   4  
80 to split word info tapasi/a Break, split; separate 4  
88 to squeeze word info kumkumia   14  
71 to stab, pierce sukia   1, 8  
71 to stab, pierce suki/a Pierce, stab, sew (Dty) 1, 8  
52 to stand tu   2  
73 to steal ʃiŋo      
42 to suck umia   12  
42 to suck umi/a Suck, to nurse (Dty) 12  
87 to swell word info hfura[fʰura]   7  
87 to swell word info fura Swell (of a sore) 7  
9 to swim kaukau   5  
9 to swim kau Swim (Dty) 5  
21 to think manatunea   9  
21 to think manatu/nea Think, meditate, understand (Dty) 9  
94 to throw word info shiri   9  
94 to throw word info tsiri Throw 9  
66 to tie up, fasten rishia not a Fut word - JCM 14?, 16?  
66 to tie up, fasten fau/sia To bind (Dty) 11  
8 to turn word info tafuri Pollex 06: Tafuri. :To turn (Dty). 15  
35 to vomit hlua [ḷua]   8  
35 to vomit lua vomit 8  
35 to vomit h/lua/ vomit (Dty) 8  
5 to walk      
83 to work word info fishikai   26  
47 to yawn (h)mava Yawn, pull in breath (Dty) 19  
32 tongue rero   15  
31 tooth nifo   1  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info rua   1  
138 warm word info mafana   1, 72  
122 water word info vai   2  
185 we word info kìtaua dl 1, 29  
185 we word info a/kita/tou First person inclusive plural pronoun (Dty) 1, 39  
185 we word info a/kita/ua First person inclusive dual pronoun (Dty) 1, 29  
185 we word info kìmaua   2, 29  
141 wet hnupu [n̥upu]   68?  
141 wet su Wet (Dty) 11  
188 what? word info taha   1  
188 what? word info ha What? (Dty) 1  
188 what? word info aha What? 1  
170 when? word info afia   5  
181 where? word info wafe   3, 35  
181 where? word info ua/fe Where? (Dty) 3, 35  
148 white hkengo [kʰeŋa]   10  
148 white tea White 8  
189 who? word info akai   1  
159 wide hlafa [ḷafa]   48  
159 wide xlafa Broad, wide 48  
58 wife [fʰine]   5, 89  
58 wife nofune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
58 wife nafune Old woman (Clk) 5, 66  
58 wife fine Woman, girl, female, wife (Dty) 5, 89  
136 wind [ṃtangi]   1, 66  
136 wind matagi Wind (Dty) 1, 66  
136 wind sau To blow (of wind); sound of wind 10  
100 wing pahkau   1, 58  
100 wing pakau Wing, shoulder (Dty) 1, 58  
55 woman/female [fʰine]   1, 41  
55 woman/female fafine Women 1, 106  
127 woods/forest ngamotu hmara [ṃara]   66?  
107 worm (earthworm) nufekere   9  
169 year tau   1  
150 yellow raunea hleu [ḷeu]      
150 yellow fero Yellow (Dty) 11  
186 you korua dl x  
186 you -koe Second person singular pronoun stem (Dty), Second person dual pronoun, you (Dty), Second person plural pronoun in nucleus of the phrase (Ply) s  

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