language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Yakan

Source/Author:  Blust, from Pack (1975), Behren (2002), Molony (1969) 
Notes:  Behrens, D. (2002) Yakan-English dictionary.‭Linguistic Society of the Philippines, Special Monograph Issue, 40.2. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.

Pack, J. (1975) Yakan-Pilipino-English Dictionary. Manila: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Molony, C.H. (1969) Multilingualism and social behavior in the. southern Philippines. Ph.D. dissertation. Stanford, California.



Yakan has borrowed extensively from the Greater Central Philippinnes languages and Malay.

Additions to Word list from "Languages of the Southern Gateway" by SIL 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:North Borneo:Sabahan:Paitanic 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 37 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand taŋan innovation from the word for thumb, Malay loan 18 L
2 left bibaŋ   24  
3 right kanawan [<M] 1  
4 leg/foot bettis   23  
5 to walk leŋŋan   59  
6 road/path lalan   1  
7 to come pitu   31  
8 to turn word info bira   4?  
9 to swim laŋi   1  
10 dirty lege      
10 dirty lemmiʔ   59  
11 dust begumbun   71  
12 skin kuit   1  
13 back word info bukut   46  
14 belly betteŋ   29  
15 bone tolaŋ   1  
16 intestines tinaʔi   1  
17 liver buaʔ      
18 breast susu   1  
19 shoulder baha   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable taʔo   1  
21 to think kimmat   71  
21 to think pikil loan of 22?   L
22 to fear tinalew talew is the base 34  
23 blood lahaʔ   1  
24 head kok   40  
25 neck kelloŋ   76  
26 hair word info buu kook   1  
27 nose   1  
28 to breathe mag-napas prefix loan from GCPhil, root Malay 29 L
29 to sniff, smell hamut possible borrowing of 31 99  
30 mouth behe   1  
31 tooth impen   1  
32 tongue dellaʔ   4  
33 to laugh saye      
34 to cry taŋis   1  
35 to vomit utaʔ   1  
36 to spit luraʔ   1  
37 to eat kakan   1  
37 to eat maŋan   1, 14  
38 to chew word info papaʔ   17?, 30  
39 to cook word info bella   34  
39 to cook word info usik      
40 to drink inum   1  
41 to bite kekkeb   36 L
42 to suck sessep   1  
43 ear tayiŋe   1  
44 to hear -takale   26  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see kite   1  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep tuli   1  
49 to lie down word info pabak   38  
50 to dream teginep   30  
51 to sit tiŋkoʔ   81  
52 to stand teŋge   34  
53 person/human being aʔa   28  
54 man/male lella   36  
55 woman/female dende   31  
56 child anak   1  
57 husband ella   52  
58 wife anda   36  
59 mother saʔi      
60 father sama   1  
61 house lumaʔ   1  
62 thatch/roof sapew   15  
63 name alen   1  
64 to say paʔin      
65 rope lubid Malay loan 21 L
66 to tie up, fasten iŋket   1  
67 to sew word info laʔit   2  
68 needle dalum   1  
69 to hunt word info panhut      
70 to shoot word info timbak Malay loan 8 L
71 to stab, pierce binonoʔ      
72 to hit word info pogpog   24  
72 to hit word info teuaʔ      
73 to steal tangkew   1  
74 to kill bonoʔ   1  
75 to die, be dead -matey   1  
76 to live, be alive ellum   33  
77 to scratch word info kukut   21  
78 to cut, hack word info mag-poloŋ      
79 stick/wood kayu   1  
80 to split word info kepak      
81 sharp talem   1  
82 dull, blunt tampul   3  
83 to work word info hinaŋ   36  
84 to plant eddek      
84 to plant tanem   2  
85 to choose peneʔ   16, 1  
86 to grow word info sulig possible Malay loan   L
86 to grow word info tumbuʔ   1  
87 to swell word info bahaʔ   1  
88 to squeeze word info tabid possible GCPhil. loan   L
89 to hold word info kinaputan      
90 to dig kalih   1  
91 to buy belli   1  
92 to open, uncover luka   1  
93 to pound, beat word info bayu   1  
94 to throw word info tibag   34  
95 to fall word info laboʔ   1  
96 dog asu   1  
97 bird manuk-manuk   1  
98 egg pugad      
99 feather bulu   1  
100 wing peppik or 33? 33  
101 to fly layaŋ   22  
102 rat mellek      
103 meat/flesh isi   31  
104 fat/grease lemmek   24  
105 tail eŋko   1  
106 snake sawe   25  
107 worm (earthworm) olet   36  
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito kemmut   1?  
110 spider koko'   37  
111 fish kenna should connect with Barito languages, possible borrowing as should be kenas if native 22  
112 rotten word info buhuk   1  
113 branch word info paŋey   22?  
114 leaf dawen   1  
115 root gamut GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 3 L
116 flower sumpiŋ   29  
117 fruit buaʔ   1  
118 grass belili   1  
119 earth/soil bulak      
120 stone batu   1  
121 sand umus      
122 water word info boheʔ   25  
123 to flow selluy      
124 sea tahik   1  
125 salt asin   3  
126 lake      
127 woods/forest gulaŋan GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 2 L
128 sky laŋit   1  
129 moon bulan   1  
130 star bituʔun   1  
131 cloud word info gabun GCPhil. loan, from Tausag 1 L
132 fog      
133 rain ulan   1  
134 thunder lugung   33  
135 lightning lalat   30  
136 wind beliu   2  
137 to blow word info tihup possible Malay loan 1  
138 warm word info panas   1  
139 cold word info haggut   35  
140 dry word info gaŋu GCPhil. loan, from Tausag   L
140 dry word info tohoʔ   75  
141 wet basseʔ   1  
142 heavy bohat   1  
143 fire ebbut      
144 to burn word info eggas      
145 smoke word info umbu   34  
146 ash abu   1  
147 black ittem   1  
148 white poteʔ   1  
149 red peyat   55  
150 yellow binaniŋ   37  
151 green gadduŋ   28  
152 small dikiʔ   1  
153 big haje   1?  
154 short word info pandak   1  
155 long word info tahaʔ   28  
156 thin word info nipis   1  
157 thick word info subuk      
158 narrow kiput   1  
159 wide lajab   1  
159 wide luha   1  
160 painful, sick saki   1  
161 shy, ashamed iaʔ   1  
162 old word info bahiʔ      
163 new baʔahu   1  
164 good hap   36  
164 good hatul obvious SE Borneo connections 36  
164 good untul      
165 bad, evil laʔat   1  
166 correct, true bennal Malay loan   L
166 correct, true toʔo toʔo 6  
166 correct, true tuʔun tuʔun not 6  
167 night saŋem   36  
168 day ellew   1  
169 year tuhun   1 L
170 when? word info sumian   30  
171 to hide word info tapuk   13  
172 to climb word info panaʔik probable GCPhil. loan   L
173 at di   20  
173 at si   20  
174 in, inside di-alem   1  
175 above di-ataʔ   1  
176 below di-awaʔ   1?  
177 this ini|n   1  
178 that ituʔ   16  
178 that ian      
179 near tapit   59  
180 far tala   46  
181 where? word info antag   16  
181 where? word info iŋge      
182 I aku   1  
183 thou kaʔu   1  
184 he/she ie   1  
185 we word info kita   1  
185 we word info kami   2  
186 you kaʔam   7  
187 they sie   1  
188 what? word info ine   2  
189 who? word info sine   14  
190 other seddi [li]   40  
191 all kemon   1  
191 all tibuʔuk      
192 and duk      
193 if baŋ   20  
194 how? word info saʔiŋge   80  
195 no, not dumaʔin      
195 no, not gaʔi      
196 to count ituŋ   31  
197 One word info issaʔ   1  
198 Two word info duwe   1  
199 Three word info tellu   1  
200 Four word info ampat   1  
201 Five word info lime   1  
202 Six word info ennem   1  
203 Seven word info pitu'   1  
204 Eight word info walu'   3  
205 Nine word info siyam Loan from Taosug 9 L
206 Ten word info sempū'   5  
207 Twenty word info duwempū'   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info limempū'   1, 2  
209 One Hundred word info da hatus   4  
210 One Thousand word info de ngibu   5  

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