language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Malayo-Polynesian

Source/Author:  Blust (1993) 
Notes:  Blust, R. (1999). Subgrouping, circularity and extinction: Some issues in Austronesian comparative linguistics. In Zeitoun, E., & Li, P. J-K., Selected Papers From the 8th International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics. Taipei, Taiwan: Academica Sinica 
Problems:  Andreea: changed entry 10, to replace capital [D] with [d] ('dirty'). 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:(Proto) 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 11 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *[qa]lima   1  
1 hand      
2 left *ka-wiʀi   1  
3 right *ka-wanan   1  
4 leg/foot *qaqay   1  
5 to walk *lakaw   1  
5 to walk *paNaw   2  
6 road/path *zalan   1  
7 to come *maʀi   1  
8 to turn word info *biliŋ doublets *biliŋ *ileŋ 4  
8 to turn word info *puter   1  
9 to swim *laŋuy   1  
9 to swim *naŋuy   1  
10 dirty *cemed (?)    
11 dust *qabuk Doublets *apuk and *qabuk classified together as the p/b merger in Oceanic makes discrimination impossible. 1  
11 dust *qapuk Doublets *apuk and *qabuk classified together as the p/b merger in Oceanic makes discrimination impossible. 1  
12 skin *kulit   1  
13 back word info *likud   1  
14 belly *tian   1  
14 belly *kempuŋ   2  
15 bone *tuqelan   1  
15 bone *tuqelaŋ doublets treated as one set 1  
16 intestines *tinaqi   1  
17 liver *qatay   1  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *qabaʀa   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *taqu   1  
21 to think *demdem 34? 28  
22 to fear *ma-takut   1  
23 blood *daʀaq   1  
24 head *qulu   1  
25 neck *liqeʀ   1  
26 hair word info *buhek   1  
27 nose *ijuŋ   1  
27 nose *ujuŋ   1  
28 to breathe *mañawa   1  
29 to sniff, smell *hajek   1  
30 mouth *baqbaq   1  
31 tooth *ipen   1  
31 tooth *nipen   1  
32 tongue *dilaq   4  
32 tongue *hema   1  
33 to laugh *tawa   1  
34 to cry *taŋis   1  
35 to vomit *utaq   1  
36 to spit *luzaq   1  
37 to eat *kaen   1  
38 to chew word info *mamaq   1  
39 to cook word info *tanek   1  
39 to cook word info *zakan   2  
40 to drink *inum   1  
41 to bite *kaʀat   1  
42 to suck *sepsep   1  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
44 to hear *deŋeʀ   1  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *kita   1  
47 to yawn *ma-huab   1  
48 to sleep *tiduʀ   1  
48 to sleep *tuduʀ   1  
49 to lie down word info *qinep   1  
50 to dream *hipi   1  
51 to sit *tudan   1  
52 to stand *diʀi   1  
52 to stand *tuqud   2  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
54 man/male *laki   2  
54 man/male *ma-ʀuqanay   1  
55 woman/female *bahi   1  
56 child *anak   1  
57 husband *bana   1  
57 husband *qasawa   2  
58 wife *qasawa   1  
59 mother *t-ina   1  
60 father *t-ama   1  
61 house *ʀumaq house, family dwelling 1  
61 house *balay house, building for public use 14?  
61 house *banua land, village, house, country, sky, heaven    
62 thatch/roof *qatep   1  
63 name *ŋajan   1  
64 to say *kaʀi   1  
64 to say *tutur   2  
65 rope *talih   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *hiket   1  
67 to sew word info *tahiq   1  
67 to sew word info *zaqit   2  
68 needle *zaʀum   1  
69 to hunt word info *qanup   1  
70 to shoot word info *panaq   1  
71 to stab, pierce *suksuk   1  
72 to hit word info *palu   1  
73 to steal *takaw   1  
74 to kill *bunuq   1  
75 to die, be dead *m-atay   1  
76 to live, be alive *ma-qudip   1  
77 to scratch word info *kaʀaw   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *taʀaq   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *tektek   3  
79 stick/wood *kahiw   1  
80 to split word info *belaq   1  
80 to split word info *silaq   40  
81 sharp *ma-tazem   1  
81 sharp *tazim   1  
82 dull, blunt *pundul   1  
82 dull, blunt *dumpul   3  
83 to work word info *quma   1  
84 to plant *mula   1  
85 to choose *piliq   1  
86 to grow word info *tu[m]buq   1  
87 to swell word info *baʀeq   1  
88 to squeeze word info *pereq   1  
88 to squeeze word info *peʀes   42  
89 to hold word info *gemgem   1  
90 to dig *kali   1  
91 to buy *beli   1  
92 to open, uncover *buka   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *bayu   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuktuk   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tutu   20  
94 to throw word info *tudaq   1  
95 to fall word info *nabuq   1  
96 dog *asu   1  
97 bird *manuk   1  
97 bird *qayam   2  
98 egg *qateluʀ   1  
98 egg *qiteluʀ   1  
99 feather *bulu   1  
100 wing *kapak   1  
100 wing *panid   2  
101 to fly *ʀebek   1  
101 to fly *layap   2  
102 rat *labaw   1  
103 meat/flesh *hesi   1  
103 meat/flesh *isi   31  
104 fat/grease *meñak   1  
104 fat/grease *himaʀ   2  
104 fat/grease *miñak   1  
105 tail *ikuʀ   1  
106 snake *nipay   1  
106 snake *hulaʀ   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *kalati distinguish from qali-wati, LS 1  
107 worm (earthworm) *qali-wati distinguish from *kalati, LS 1  
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
109 mosquito *ñamuk   1  
110 spider *lawaq   1  
111 fish *hikan   1  
112 rotten word info *ma-buʀuk   1  
112 rotten word info *ma-busuk   56  
113 branch word info *daqan   1  
114 leaf *dahun   1  
115 root *uʀat   1  
115 root *wakaʀ   2  
116 flower *buŋa   1  
117 fruit *buaq   1  
118 grass *baliji   1  
119 earth/soil *tanaq   1  
119 earth/soil *taneq   1  
120 stone *batu   1  
121 sand *qenay   1  
122 water word info *danum   1  
122 water word info *wahiʀ   2  
123 to flow *qaliʀ   1  
123 to flow *qaluʀ   1  
123 to flow *saliʀ   24  
124 sea *tasik   1  
124 sea *laud ocean(wards) 6  
125 salt *qasiʀa   1  
125 salt *timus   2  
126 lake *danaw   1  
127 woods/forest *alas   1  
127 woods/forest *kahiw-kahiw-an   2  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
129 moon *bulan   1  
130 star *bituqen   1  
131 cloud word info *ʀabun   1  
132 fog *kabut   1  
133 rain *quzan   1  
134 thunder *gurgur overlap between these proto-forms 1  
134 thunder *kudug overlap between these proto-forms 2  
134 thunder *deruŋ overlap between these proto-forms 3  
135 lightning *kilat 1 and 2 might be the same cognate 1  
135 lightning *qusilaq   2  
136 wind *haŋin   1  
137 to blow word info *hiup   1  
138 warm word info *ma-panas   1  
139 cold word info *ma-diŋdiŋ   1  
140 dry word info *ma-ʀaŋaw   1  
141 wet *ma-baseq   1  
142 heavy *ma-beʀeqat   1  
143 fire *hapuy   1  
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
145 smoke word info *qebel   1  
145 smoke word info *qasu   2  
146 ash *qabu   1  
147 black *ma-qitem   1  
148 white *ma-putiq   1  
149 red *ma-iʀaq   1  
150 yellow *ma-kunij   1  
151 green *mataq   1  
152 small *dikiq   1  
152 small *kedi   2  
153 big *ma-ʀaya   1  
154 short word info *ma-babaq   54  
155 long word info *anaduq   1  
156 thin word info *ma-nipis   1  
157 thick word info *ma-kapal   1  
158 narrow *kepit   1  
159 wide *ma-labeʀ   1  
160 painful, sick *ma-sakit   1  
161 shy, ashamed *ma-hiaq   1  
162 old word info *ma-tuqah   1  
163 new *ma-baqeʀu   1  
164 good *ma-pia   1  
165 bad, evil *zaqat   1  
166 correct, true *ma-bener   1  
167 night *beʀŋi   1  
168 day *qalejaw   1  
169 year *taqun   1  
170 when? word info *p-ijan   1  
171 to hide word info *buni   1  
172 to climb word info *pa-nahik   1  
172 to climb word info *dakih   2  
173 at *i   1  
173 at *di   20  
174 in, inside *i-dalem   1  
175 above *i-taqas   1  
175 above *i-babaw   2  
176 below *i babaq   1  
177 this *i ni   1  
178 that *i na   1  
179 near *ma-azani   1  
180 far *ma-zauq   1  
181 where? word info *i nu   1  
182 I *i-aku   1  
183 thou *i-kahu   1  
184 he/she *si-ia   1  
185 we word info *i-kita   1  
185 we word info *kami   2  
186 you *i-kamu   1  
186 you *kamiu   13  
187 they *si-ida   1  
188 what? word info *apa   1  
188 what? word info *-anu   2  
189 who? word info *i-sai   1  
190 other *duma   1  
190 other *laqin   2  
191 all *amin   1  
192 and *ka   1  
192 and *ma   2  
193 if *ka   1  
193 if *nu   2  
194 how? word info *kuja   1  
194 how? word info *kua   1  
195 no, not *qazi   1  
195 no, not *diaq   2  
196 to count *ihap   2  
197 One word info *esa   1  
197 One word info *isa   1  
198 Two word info *duha   1  
199 Three word info *telu   1  
200 Four word info *epat   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info      
203 Seven word info      
204 Eight word info      
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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