language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Oceanic (Blust)

Source/Author:  Blust (1993) 
Notes:  Blust, Robert. Central and Central–Eastern Malayo-Polynesian. 32:241–293 (1993).
Ross, Pawley & Osmond. The lexicon of Proto Oceanic. Vol. 1 (1998), vol. 2 (2003); plus drafts of some chapters of vol. 3. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:(Proto) 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 109 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *lima   1  
2 left *ma-wiʀi   1  
3 right *wanan   1  
3 right *mataqu   5  
4 leg/foot *waqe   1  
5 to walk *lako   1  
5 to walk *pano   2  
6 road/path *jalan   1  
7 to come *mai   1  
7 to come *maʀi   1  
8 to turn word info *liu   2  
9 to swim *kakaʀu [?] 5  
10 dirty *maqitom   2  
10 dirty *ma-qetom   2  
11 dust *qapuk   1  
12 skin *kulit   1  
13 back word info *muri   3  
13 back word info *takuʀu   12  
14 belly *tian   1  
15 bone *suʀi   2  
16 intestines *tinaqi   1  
17 liver *qate   1  
18 breast *susu   1  
19 shoulder *[qa]paʀa   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *taqu   1  
21 to think *rodrom   28  
22 to fear *ma-takut   1  
23 blood *draʀaq   1  
24 head *qulu   1  
24 head *bwatu(k)   9  
25 neck *ʀuqa   18  
25 neck *liqoʀ   1  
26 hair word info *raun ni qulu   40, 3  
27 nose *isuŋ   1  
28 to breathe *mañawa   1  
29 to sniff, smell *ajok   1  
30 mouth *papaq   1  
30 mouth *qawa   36  
31 tooth *nipon   1  
31 tooth *lipon   1  
32 tongue *maya   7  
33 to laugh *malip   3  
34 to cry *taŋis   1  
35 to vomit *luaq   8  
35 to vomit *mu-mutaq   1  
36 to spit *qanusi   14  
37 to eat *kani   1  
38 to chew word info *mamaq   1  
39 to cook word info *tunu roast 9  
39 to cook word info *nasu(q) boil 3  
39 to cook word info *napu boil, steam    
40 to drink *inum   1  
41 to bite *kaʀat   1  
42 to suck *sosop   1  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
44 to hear *roŋoʀ   1  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *kita   1  
47 to yawn *mawap   1  
48 to sleep *tiruʀ   1  
48 to sleep *turuʀ   1  
48 to sleep *maturuʀ   1  
49 to lie down word info *qenop   1  
49 to lie down word info *qinop   1  
50 to dream *mipi   1, 37  
50 to dream *nipi   1  
51 to sit *nopo   16  
52 to stand *tuqur   2  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
53 person/human being *taumataq   1, 66  
54 man/male *mwaʀuqane   1  
55 woman/female *pine   1, 39  
55 woman/female *papine   1, 41  
56 child *natu   5  
57 husband *qasawa   2  
58 wife *qasawa   1  
59 mother *tina   1  
60 father *tama   1  
61 house *ʀumwaq   1  
62 thatch/roof *qatop   1  
63 name *ŋajan   1  
64 to say *kunu [?] 10  
65 rope *tali   1  
65 rope *waʀoj   2  
66 to tie up, fasten *buku[ti]   41  
66 to tie up, fasten *pwita   12  
66 to tie up, fasten *paqus   11  
66 to tie up, fasten *kiti   20  
66 to tie up, fasten *pisi   32  
67 to sew word info *saqit   2  
67 to sew word info *(su)suʀi also 'needle'; < *suʀi 'bone' 15  
67 to sew word info *tuʀi sew, thread, string together 13  
68 needle *saʀum   1  
68 needle *(su)suʀi also 'sew' 19  
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info *p(w)anaq   1  
71 to stab, pierce *soka   8  
72 to hit word info *punuq   23  
72 to hit word info *qubu   44  
73 to steal *panako   1  
74 to kill *punuq   1  
75 to die, be dead *mate   1  
76 to live, be alive *maqurip   1  
77 to scratch word info *karu(t)   44  
77 to scratch word info *kasi   5  
77 to scratch word info *kosi   5  
77 to scratch word info *rasi      
78 to cut, hack word info *taʀaq   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *siba   19  
78 to cut, hack word info *kutu      
78 to cut, hack word info *totok   3  
79 stick/wood *kayu   1  
80 to split word info *p(w)olaq   1  
80 to split word info *potak   41  
80 to split word info *kakas   42  
80 to split word info *pisak   10  
81 sharp *ma-tasim   1  
81 sharp *m(w)ata sharp-edged 36  
82 dull, blunt *purul   1, 33  
83 to work word info *quma   1  
83 to work word info *b(w)aku(r,ʀ)   19  
84 to plant *tanum   2  
84 to plant *asok in holes 28  
85 to choose *piliq   1  
86 to grow word info *tubuq   1  
87 to swell word info *paʀoq   1  
87 to swell word info *tubuq   12  
88 to squeeze word info *poʀos   42  
88 to squeeze word info *p(w)ip(w)it   17  
88 to squeeze word info *losit   19  
89 to hold word info *kokom   1  
90 to dig *kali   1  
90 to dig *keli   1  
91 to buy *poli   1  
92 to open, uncover *pukes   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *tutuk   2  
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info *(s,j)u(a,u)   39  
96 dog      
97 bird *manuk   1  
98 egg *qatoluʀ   1  
99 feather *pulu   1  
100 wing *panij   2  
101 to fly *ʀopok   1  
102 rat *lapo   1  
102 rat *kasupe   3  
103 meat/flesh *pisiko   10  
104 fat/grease *moñak   1  
105 tail *siku   13  
105 tail *ikuʀ   1  
106 snake *mwata   12  
107 worm (earthworm) *mwata-mwata   10  
107 worm (earthworm) *bulati   1, 34  
107 worm (earthworm) *sulati   1, 8  
108 louse word info *kutu head louse 1  
108 louse word info *tuma body louse 3  
109 mosquito *ñamuk   1  
109 mosquito *simuk      
109 mosquito *makini-kini   47  
110 spider *lawaq   1  
110 spider *koko   37  
111 fish *ikan   1  
112 rotten word info *mapu [?] 52  
113 branch word info *raqan   1  
114 leaf *raun   1  
115 root *wakaʀ   2  
115 root *wakaʀa   2  
116 flower *puŋa   1  
117 fruit *puaq   1  
118 grass *pali(s,j)i   1  
119 earth/soil *tanoq earth, land, ground 1  
119 earth/soil *pway(a) soil, earth 47  
120 stone *patu   1  
121 sand *qone   1  
122 water word info *[dr,r]anum   1  
122 water word info *waiʀ   2  
123 to flow *qaliʀ   1  
123 to flow *saliʀ   24  
123 to flow *qaʀus   30  
123 to flow *tape   10  
124 sea *tasik   1  
124 sea *wasas open sea 21  
124 sea *laur ocean(wards) 6  
125 salt *tasik = sea 20  
125 salt *maqasin   3  
125 salt *qasiʀa   1  
126 lake *rano   1  
127 woods/forest *qutan bushland, hinterland 36  
128 sky *laŋit   1  
129 moon *pulan   1  
130 star *pituqun   1  
131 cloud word info *taqe ni laŋit   36  
131 cloud word info *qaʀoq   12  
132 fog *kaput   1  
133 rain *qusan   1  
134 thunder *kuru[ru]   2  
134 thunder *guru[ru]   2  
134 thunder *pwa[ra]raq   15  
135 lightning *qu(s,j)ila(q)   2  
135 lightning *p(w)ilak   26  
135 lightning *lap(w)a(r,ʀ)   9  
136 wind *aŋin   1  
136 wind *mal(i,e)u   34  
137 to blow word info *upi   1  
137 to blow word info *sau   12  
137 to blow word info *p(w)usi   6  
138 warm word info *ma-panas   1  
138 warm word info *raraŋ   9  
139 cold word info *ma-dri(d)riŋ   1  
139 cold word info *malaso   51  
140 dry word info *ma-ʀaŋo   1  
140 dry word info *[ma]maca   11  
141 wet *buluk   37  
142 heavy *mapat   1  
142 heavy *mamat   1, 35  
143 fire *api   1  
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
145 smoke word info *qasu   2  
146 ash *qapu   1  
146 ash *rapu(ʀ)   1  
147 black *ma-qeto(m)   1  
148 white *maputiq   1  
148 white *[pula]pula-n   42  
149 red *meʀaq   1  
150 yellow *yaŋo      
151 green *keja [?] 8  
151 green *[ma]karawa   13  
151 green *marawa   13  
152 small *riki(t,q)   1  
152 small *kiki   1  
152 small *qitik   66  
152 small *qitek   66  
153 big *lapuat   10  
154 short word info *tuku   66  
154 short word info *botoŋ   9  
155 long word info *b(w)arapu   16  
155 long word info *[ma]lago   19  
155 long word info *[ma]lawa   12  
156 thin word info *manipis   1  
157 thick word info *ma-tolu   3  
157 thick word info *[tubu]tubu-[ka]   37  
158 narrow *kopit [?] 1  
159 wide      
160 painful, sick *masakit   1  
161 shy, ashamed *mayaq   1  
162 old word info *matuqa   1  
163 new *paqoʀu   1  
163 new *ka(l,r)abwa   12  
164 good *ma-pia   1  
165 bad, evil *saqat   1  
166 correct, true *bonor   1  
167 night *boŋi   1  
168 day *qaco = daylight 5  
168 day *raqani   6  
169 year *taqun   1  
170 when? word info *(q)ana-ŋican past 1  
170 when? word info *(ŋ,q)a-ŋican future 1  
170 when? word info *ŋaican future 1  
171 to hide word info *puni   1  
172 to climb word info *panek   1  
172 to climb word info *sake   2  
173 at *i   1  
174 in, inside *i lalo-ña   4, 1  
175 above *atas   1  
175 above *i papo   2  
175 above *laka   28  
176 below *i papaq   1  
177 this *ni   1  
177 this *i   1, 18  
177 this *e   1, 18  
177 this *ne   1  
178 that *na   1  
178 that *a   1  
179 near *raŋi   1  
179 near *tata   9  
179 near *pa[ka]-raŋi   1  
180 far *sauq   1  
181 where? word info *pea   3, 35  
181 where? word info *pai   3  
182 I *[i]au   1  
183 thou *[i]ko[e]   1  
184 he/she *ia   1  
185 we word info *kita inclusive 1  
185 we word info *kami exclusive 2  
185 we word info *kamami exclusive 2  
186 you *kamiu   13  
186 you *ka[m]u   1  
187 they *[k]ira   1  
188 what? word info *sapa   1  
189 who? word info *sai   1  
189 who? word info *sei   1  
190 other *liqan   2  
191 all      
192 and *ka   1  
192 and *ma   2  
193 if *ka   1  
193 if *ma   3  
194 how? word info *ku(y)a   1  
195 no, not      
196 to count      
197 One word info *sa-kai   8  
197 One word info *ta-sa   1  
197 One word info *tai   1  
197 One word info *kai   31  
198 Two word info *rua   1  
199 Three word info *tolu   1  
200 Four word info *pat   1  
200 Four word info *pati   1  
200 Four word info *pani   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info *onom   1  
203 Seven word info *pitu   1  
204 Eight word info *walu   3  
205 Nine word info *siwa   5  
206 Ten word info *sa-[ŋa]-puluq   5  
207 Twenty word info *rua-ŋa-puluq   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info *lima-ŋa-puluq   1, 2  
209 One Hundred word info *ʀatu(s)   4  
210 One Thousand word info      

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