language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Austronesian

Source/Author:  Blust, R (1999) 
Notes:  Blust, R. (1999). Subgrouping, circularity and extinction: Some issues in Austronesian comparative linguistics. In Zeitoun, E., & Li, P. J-K., Selected Papers From the 8th International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics. Taipei, Taiwan: Academica Sinica 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 191
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Austronesian 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 17 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *(qa)lima   1  
2 left *ka-wiʀi   1  
3 right *ka-wanaN   1  
4 leg/foot *qaqay   1  
5 to walk Nakaw   1  
6 road/path *zalan   1  
7 to come      
8 to turn word info Niku      
9 to swim *Naŋuy   1  
10 dirty      
11 dust *likeS      
12 skin *qaNiC *qaNiC separate from *kúliC 2  
13 back word info *likud   1  
14 belly *tiaN abdomen 1  
15 bone *CuqelaN   1  
16 intestines *Cinaqi   1  
17 liver *qaCay   1  
18 breast *susu should *nunu be added as a separate form? 1  
19 shoulder *qabaʀa   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *bajaq tokow, understand, to inquire 2  
21 to think *-ajem   1  
21 to think *nemnem   34  
22 to fear *ma-takut   1  
23 blood *daʀaq   1  
24 head *qulu   1  
25 neck *liqeʀ   1  
26 hair word info *bukeS   1  
27 nose *mujiŋ   26  
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell *Sajek   1  
30 mouth *ŋusu   2  
31 tooth *nipen doublets 1  
32 tongue *Sema   1  
33 to laugh *Cawa   1  
34 to cry *Caŋis   1  
35 to vomit *utaq   1  
36 to spit      
37 to eat *kaen   1  
38 to chew word info *qelqel should be some more reflexes in Formosan languages 2  
39 to cook word info *tanek   1  
40 to drink *mimah (?) 2  
41 to bite *kaʀat   1  
42 to suck *sepsep   1  
43 ear *Caliŋa   1  
44 to hear *tumaNa   2  
45 eye *maCa   1  
46 to see *kita   1  
47 to yawn *ma-Suab   19  
47 to yawn *ma-Suaw   1  
48 to sleep *tuduʀ   1  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream *Sepi   1  
51 to sit      
52 to stand *diʀi   1  
53 person/human being *Cau   1  
54 man/male *ma-ʀuqaNay   1  
55 woman/female *bahi   1  
56 child *aNak   1  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother *t-ina   1  
60 father *t-ama   1  
61 house *ʀumaq   1  
62 thatch/roof *Cawali (?) 2  
63 name *ŋajan   1  
64 to say      
65 rope *CaliS   1  
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info *taSiq   1  
68 needle *zaʀum   1  
69 to hunt word info *qaNup   1  
70 to shoot word info *panaq   1  
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info *palu   1  
73 to steal *Cakaw   1  
74 to kill *p-aCay   2  
75 to die, be dead *m-aCay   1  
76 to live, be alive *ma-qudip   1  
77 to scratch word info *kaʀaw   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *taʀaq   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *tektek   3  
79 stick/wood *kaSiw   1  
80 to split word info      
81 sharp *Cazem (?) 1  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info *qumah   1  
84 to plant *mula   1  
85 to choose *piliq   1  
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info *ʀibawa   26  
87 to swell word info *baʀeq   1  
88 to squeeze word info *peʀeq   1  
89 to hold word info *gemgem   1  
90 to dig *kalih   1  
91 to buy *baliw   23  
91 to buy *beli   1  
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info *tutuh   20  
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog *asu   1  
96 dog *wasu   1  
97 bird *qayam   2  
98 egg *qiCeluʀ   1  
99 feather      
100 wing *paNid   2  
101 to fly *layap   2  
102 rat *labaw   1  
103 meat/flesh *Sesi   1  
103 meat/flesh *isi   31  
104 fat/grease *Simaʀ   2  
105 tail *ikuʀ   1  
106 snake *Sulaʀ   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *kulay   2  
108 louse word info *kuCu   1  
109 mosquito *likeS   2  
110 spider *kakaCu   2  
111 fish *Sikan   1  
112 rotten word info *ma-buʀaq   1  
113 branch word info      
114 leaf *biʀaq   2  
115 root *ʀameC   3  
115 root *ʀamiS   3  
116 flower      
117 fruit *buaq   1  
118 grass *Cemel   3  
119 earth/soil *daʀeq   30  
120 stone *batu   1  
121 sand *bunaj   2  
121 sand *qenay   1  
122 water word info *daNum   1  
123 to flow *qaluʀ (?) 1  
124 sea *tenem   2  
125 salt *qasiʀa   1  
125 salt *timus   2  
126 lake *danaw   1  
127 woods/forest *kaSiw-kaSiw-an   2  
128 sky *laŋiC   1  
129 moon *bulaN   1  
129 moon *qiNas   2  
130 star *bituqen   1  
131 cloud word info *lemlem   2  
132 fog      
133 rain *quzaN   1  
134 thunder *deʀuŋ (?) 3  
135 lightning *likaC   1  
136 wind *bali   2  
137 to blow word info *Siup   1  
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info      
140 dry word info *ma-qaʀiw   2  
141 wet      
142 heavy      
143 fire *Sapuy   1  
144 to burn word info *cuNuh   1  
145 smoke word info *CebuN   65  
145 smoke word info *qebel   1  
146 ash *qabu   1  
147 black *CeŋeN   2  
148 white *ma-puNi   1  
149 red *ma-taNah (?) 2  
150 yellow      
151 green *mataq   1  
152 small *kedi   2  
153 big *ma-ʀaya   1  
154 short word info      
155 long word info *inaduq (?) 1  
156 thin word info *ma-NiSepis   1  
157 thick word info *ma-kaSepal   1  
158 narrow      
159 wide *ma-lawas   1  
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed *ma-Siaq   1  
162 old word info *ma-tuqaS   1  
163 new *ma-baqeʀu   1  
164 good      
165 bad, evil *kuya   2  
166 correct, true      
167 night *beʀŋi   1  
168 day *qalejaw   1  
169 year *kawaS   2  
170 when? word info *ija-n   1  
171 to hide word info *buNi   1  
172 to climb word info *dakiS (?) 2  
173 at *i   1  
173 at *di   20  
174 in, inside *i-dalem   1  
175 above *i babaw   2  
175 above *i taqas   1  
176 below      
177 this *i-ni   1  
178 that      
179 near *ma-azaNih   1  
180 far *ma-dawiN   2  
181 where? word info *i-nu   1  
182 I *i-aku   1  
183 thou *i-kaSu   1  
184 he/she *si-ia   1  
185 we word info *i-kita   1  
185 we word info *kami   2  
186 you *i-kamu   1  
187 they      
188 what? word info *n-anu (?) 2  
189 who? word info *si-ima   2  
190 other *duma   1  
191 all *amin   1  
192 and *ka   1  
192 and *mah   2  
193 if *ka   1  
193 if *nu   2  
194 how? word info *kuja   1  
194 how? word info *numa   2  
195 no, not *ini   3  
196 to count *Sipuʀ   3  
197 One word info *esa   1  
197 One word info *isa   1  
198 Two word info *duSa   1  
199 Three word info *telu   1  
200 Four word info *Sepat   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info *enem   1  
203 Seven word info *pitu   1  
204 Eight word info *walu   3  
205 Nine word info *Siwa   5  
206 Ten word info *sa-puluq   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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