language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Micronesian

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Showing 3 of 18 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *pau hand, arm, wing 8  
2 left      
3 right      
4 leg/foot *ney[ae] leg 14  
4 leg/foot *wae leg/foot 1  
5 to walk *faSale walk, move around 8  
6 road/path *ala path/road 1  
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin *kuli skin, bark 1  
13 back word info *takuru back (of body) 12  
14 belly *wupʷa   11  
14 belly *tia   1  
15 bone *cuyi bone 2  
16 intestines      
17 liver *ate liver 1  
18 breast *susu breast, to suckle 1  
19 shoulder *afara shoulder 1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *ata-i- to know 35  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila to know 18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-a   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-i   18  
21 to think *maŋi have in mind, think, remember 11  
22 to fear *ma-taku to fear, be afraid 1  
23 blood *caa blood 1  
23 blood cacaa be bloody 1  
24 head *ulu extremity, top, tip, head 1  
25 neck *ua neck 18  
26 hair word info *una hair/feathers/scales/remove (hair or scales) 10  
26 hair word info *unauna   10  
26 hair word info *una-fi   10  
27 nose *pʷauSu nose, not set 1, set 12, see Blust 1984 1, 12  
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell *saŋu to smell something / May = PPn *songi 11  
30 mouth      
31 tooth      
32 tongue *lewe tongue 17  
33 to laugh *ŋiTi chant, sing, be noisy, laugh 8  
34 to cry *taŋi cry 1  
34 to cry *taŋi-Si weep 1  
35 to vomit *mʷumʷuta to vomit 1  
36 to spit *ka[sS]i[sS]ifa spit, spittle 19  
37 to eat *mʷaŋau to eat food 8  
37 to eat *kaŋi eat some thing 1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info *ma[sS]o cooked 11  
39 to cook word info *ma[w0]u[sS][au] cooked 11  
40 to drink *inu drink 1  
40 to drink *(i)nu-mi drink 1  
40 to drink *(i)nu-ma drink 1  
41 to bite *kai bite 1  
41 to bite *ku bite 1  
41 to bite *kuku bite 1, 32  
41 to bite *kuti bite 1, 32  
41 to bite *kukuti bite 1, 32  
42 to suck *susu breast, to suckle 25  
43 ear *taliŋa ear, mushroom, fungus 1  
44 to hear *roŋo hear, listen 1  
45 eye *mata eye, face 1  
46 to see *loo to see 9  
46 to see loo-Si behold 9  
47 to yawn *mawa (?) yawn, be open mouthed 1  
48 to sleep *maturu sleep 1  
48 to sleep *mʷoe   10  
49 to lie down word info *w[eo]n[eo] lie down, sleep 1  
50 to dream      
51 to sit *maaso to sit 18  
51 to sit *masoso to sit 18  
52 to stand *tuu to stand 2  
53 person/human being *tau person 1  
53 person/human being *mata person 66  
53 person/human being *ara-mata people 67, 66  
54 man/male *mʷaane man, male 1  
55 woman/female *faifine woman 1, 47  
56 child *natu child/classifier for cherished possessions 5  
56 child *tari child 7  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother *tina mother 1  
60 father *tama father 1  
61 house *umʷa house 1  
61 house imʷa house 1  
62 thatch/roof *aTo thatch 1  
63 name *iSa name 1, 66  
63 name *aSa name 1, 18  
64 to say *pʷaa to say 13  
65 rope *tali rope 1  
66 to tie up, fasten *fau tie 11  
66 to tie up, fasten *fau-Si bind 11  
67 to sew word info *saisai sew 2  
67 to sew word info *sai-ti sew 2  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce *[sS]oka (?) pierce/stab 8  
72 to hit word info *suku hit/strike 8, 63  
72 to hit word info *wece strike/hit/beat 15  
72 to hit word info *woco strike/hit/beat 15  
73 to steal      
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead *mate die, lose consciousness 1  
76 to live, be alive *mauri alive 1  
76 to live, be alive *ma[nñ]awa life/alive 7  
77 to scratch word info *kaaSu to scratch 11  
77 to scratch word info *kakaaSu   11  
77 to scratch word info *kari   12  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafa to cut in pieces 18  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafasi slice 18  
79 stick/wood *rae branch 2  
80 to split word info *pʷ[ae]la to split s.t. open 1?  
80 to split word info pʷ[ae]la-ŋi to split s.t. open 1?  
80 to split word info pʷ[ae]la-ŋaki to split s.t. open 1?  
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant *faSo planted 6  
84 to plant *fafaSo to plant 6  
84 to plant *faSoki a planted thing 6  
84 to plant *faSoka   6  
85 to choose *fili choose 1  
85 to choose *filifili choose 1  
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info *tupʷu I don't think *tupwu is reconstructed for PMc with this meaning and is not, at least, an ancestor of the "9" forms - JCM.    
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig *keli dig 1  
90 to dig *keli-ŋi- dig 1  
90 to dig *[sS]owu to dig 8  
90 to dig [sS]owu-ti- to dig 8  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷau to pound food 3  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuki to pound 2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tukituki to pound 2  
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog      
97 bird      
98 egg      
99 feather *una hair/feathers/scales 30  
99 feather *unauna hair/feathers/scales 30  
100 wing      
101 to fly      
102 rat      
103 meat/flesh *fiSiko flesh 10  
104 fat/grease      
105 tail *iku tail 1  
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info *kutu louse 1  
109 mosquito *ñamʷu mosquito 1  
110 spider      
111 fish *pali a fish 26  
111 fish *parapara a fish 8  
112 rotten word info *maca very ripe 17  
112 rotten word info *mamaca rotten 17  
113 branch word info *rae branch 1  
114 leaf *cau leaf 1  
115 root *waka root 2  
115 root *wakara root 2  
116 flower      
117 fruit *wuaa fruit 1  
118 grass      
119 earth/soil *pʷelu   13  
120 stone *fatu stone 1  
121 sand *pia   12  
121 sand *pipia   12  
121 sand *piapia   12  
122 water word info *canu- fresh water 1  
122 water word info *cacanu   1  
122 water word info *canucanu   1  
122 water word info *pili   4  
123 to flow      
124 sea *ma-Sawa deep sea, open sea 13  
124 sea *taSi Salt water 1  
125 salt      
126 lake *lama lagoon, lake 8  
127 woods/forest *walu vegetation, forest 17  
128 sky *laŋi sky, heaven, storm 1  
129 moon *ma-rama moon 7  
130 star *fit[ou]u star 1  
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
133 rain *u[sS]a rain 1  
134 thunder *para ? 15  
134 thunder *parara ? 15  
135 lightning *fiti flash (of light) 10  
136 wind *aŋi wind 1  
136 wind aŋiaŋi wind 1  
137 to blow word info *pau blow (of the wind) 14  
137 to blow word info *paupau blow (of the wind) 14  
137 to blow word info *wuku to blow 15  
137 to blow word info *wuuku to blow 15  
138 warm word info *rara to heat, be warm 9  
139 cold word info *maci be cold 1  
139 cold word info *macici   1  
139 cold word info *fou   11  
140 dry word info *masa be low tide 11  
140 dry word info *mamasa dry 11  
141 wet      
142 heavy *cawu   9  
142 heavy *cacawu   9  
142 heavy *cawucawu   9  
143 fire *afi fire 1  
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info *a[sS]u smoke 2  
146 ash *peyata ashes 7  
146 ash *peata ashes 7  
147 black *calo dark 8  
147 black *calocalo black 8  
148 white      
149 red *para red 17  
150 yellow      
151 green *ma-rawa green, blue 13  
152 small *ciki small/little 1  
152 small *kisi   1  
153 big *lapa big, main 10  
154 short word info      
155 long word info *ala[iu] long 13  
155 long word info alala[iu] long 13  
156 thin word info *ma-nifi thin 1  
156 thin word info *ma-nifinifi flimsy 1  
157 thick word info *ma-tolu thick 3  
157 thick word info *ma-totolu thick 3  
157 thick word info *ma-tolutolu thick 3  
158 narrow      
159 wide *cau- wide    
159 wide *cau-lapa width 9  
160 painful, sick *masaki be painful, hurt 1  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
163 new      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true      
167 night *pʷoŋi night 1  
168 day *raani   6  
169 year      
170 when? word info *ñai-Sa when? 1  
170 when? word info *ŋai-Sa when? 1  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at *i- at (locative): 1  
174 in, inside *lalo inside 1  
175 above      
176 below      
177 this *ae (?) this 8  
177 this *ee here/this near speaker 8  
177 this *ena this/that 8  
178 that *ena this, that 1  
179 near *Soru- near, beside (not from OL - JCM)    
180 far      
181 where? word info *-faa where? 3  
182 I *ŋaa I (1st person singular pronoun) 12  
182 I ŋau I (1st person singular pronoun) 12  
183 thou *ko- you (sg. subj. marker) 1  
183 thou *koe you (sg. subj. marker) 1  
184 he/she *ia he, she, it (independent pronoun): 1  
185 we word info *kica incl. 1  
185 we word info *kayi excl. 2  
186 you *kamʷu you (pl.) 1  
187 they *re- they (3pl subject marker) 1  
187 they *ra- they (independent pronoun), them (suf. obj. prn.),their (suf. poss. prn.) 1  
188 what? word info *-Saa interrogative suffix 1  
188 what? word info *mee-Saa interrogative suffix 1  
188 what? word info *(mee)-t what? 1  
188 what? word info *(mee)-ta what? 1  
189 who? word info *tau who? 9  
190 other      
191 all      
192 and *ma and (with) 2  
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not *tai not 4  
195 no, not *ta not 4  
196 to count *waSe   10  
196 to count *waSe-ki   10  
196 to count *paa   11  
196 to count *paapaa   11  
197 One word info *te- one (prefixed to classifiers) 1, 68  
198 Two word info *rua two 1  
199 Three word info *telu three 1  
199 Three word info *telu-ua three (general) 1  
200 Four word info *faŋi the number four (in serial counting) 1, 67  
201 Five word info *lim-manu   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
201 Five word info *lima-ua   1  
202 Six word info *wono-   1  
203 Seven word info *fitu   1  
203 Seven word info fitu-ua   1  
204 Eight word info *walu-ua   3  
204 Eight word info *walu   3  
205 Nine word info *Siwa   5  
206 Ten word info *-ŋawulu   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info *lima-ŋawulu   1, 7  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwukua   20  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwukiwa   20  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-ratu   17  

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