abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Chuukic

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  AKA Proto-Trukic

Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Trukic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

Showing 3 of 24 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
83 to work word info      
91 to buy      
96 dog      
100 wing      
104 fat/grease      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
125 salt      
126 lake      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
135 lightning      
138 warm word info      
148 white      
158 narrow      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
169 year      
175 above      
176 below      
190 other      
191 all      
194 how? word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
7 to come *luu come/go/pass by    
67 to sew word info *di-      
67 to sew word info *di-ki      
67 to sew word info *di-kaki      
87 to swell word info *wupʷa to swell    
89 to hold word info *faro hold tightly    
89 to hold word info *faro-ki- hold tightly    
111 fish *mWoTo ?    
157 thick word info *kúú      
6 road/path *yala   1  
12 skin *kili   1  
17 liver *yate   1  
18 breast *dúdú   1  
19 shoulder *yafara   1  
22 to fear *ma-takú   1  
23 blood *ccaa   1  
24 head *úlú   1  
34 to cry *taŋi   1  
34 to cry *taŋitaŋi   1  
34 to cry *tangi-di-   1  
35 to vomit *mʷmʷuta   1  
35 to vomit mʷmʷuta-aki-ni   1  
37 to eat *kaŋi   1  
40 to drink *únú   1  
40 to drink *únú-mi   1  
40 to drink *únú-ma   1  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
44 to hear roŋo   1  
44 to hear roŋoroŋo   1  
45 eye *mata   1  
48 to sleep *matúrú   1  
49 to lie down word info *wono   1  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
54 man/male *mʷaane   1  
59 mother *tina   1  
60 father *tama   1  
62 thatch/roof *yaTo   1  
65 rope *tali   1  
75 to die, be dead *mate *pee (?) 1  
85 to choose *fini   1  
85 to choose *ffini   1  
90 to dig *keli   1  
90 to dig *keli-ŋi-   1  
105 tail *úkú   1  
108 louse word info *kútú   1  
109 mosquito *namʷu   1  
113 branch word info *raae   1  
113 branch word info rae-   1  
114 leaf *caú   1  
117 fruit *wuwaa   1  
118 grass *fadili   1  
119 earth/soil *tano   1  
120 stone *fatú   1  
120 stone *-faú   1  
122 water word info *canú   1  
122 water word info *ccanú   1  
122 water word info *caccanú   1  
124 sea *tadi   1  
128 sky *laŋi sky/heaven 1  
128 sky *faa-i-laŋi lower region of sky 1  
130 star *fútúú (?) 1  
133 rain *uda   1  
136 wind *aŋi   1  
136 wind aŋiaŋi   1  
143 fire *yafi   1  
156 thin word info *ma-nifi   1  
156 thin word info ma-nifinifi   1  
160 painful, sick *madaki painful/hurt 1  
163 new *faú new 1  
167 night *pʷoŋi   1  
170 when? word info *(i)-nai-da   1  
170 when? word info *(i)-ŋai-da   1  
173 at *i-   1  
174 in, inside *lalo   1  
178 that *yeena this 1  
180 far *doa- "distant, far off" (Bender et al p85) 1  
183 thou *ko-   1  
183 thou *koe   1  
184 he/she *ia independent pronoun 1  
186 you *kawú you (pl., as subj. marker) 1  
197 One word info *edda   1  
198 Two word info *rúwa   1  
199 Three word info *telú   1  
199 Three word info *telú-yike   1  
201 Five word info *lima-ike   1  
201 Five word info *lima-ua   1  
201 Five word info *lim-manú   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info *wono-   1  
202 Six word info *woono   1  
203 Seven word info *fiti-ike   1  
203 Seven word info *fitu-uwa   1  
203 Seven word info *fitú   1  
177 this *yee   1, 18  
177 this *yeena   1, 33  
185 we word info *kica incl. 1, 42  
61 house *imʷa   1, 48  
188 what? word info *-daa   1, 52  
188 what? word info *(mee)-daa   1, 64  
98 egg *takullu egg; note that Bender et al. (2003) think these Chuukic forms may be la loan from somewhere. 1, 66  
200 Four word info *faŋi   1, 67  
187 they *re-   1, 70  
187 they *ra-   1, 70  
187 they *ira   1, 70  
76 to live, be alive *maúrú   1, 76  
27 nose *pʷaútú   1, 12  
186 you *kaamii you (pl.) 1, 13  
186 you *-kamii you (pl.) 1, 13  
55 woman/female *faifine   1, 47  
63 name *ida   1, 66  
7 to come *pʷer[ae] go/come through/pass 10  
26 hair word info *úna   10  
26 hair word info *únaúna   10  
26 hair word info *úna-fi   10  
28 to breathe *ŋaTa breathe 10  
28 to breathe ŋaTaŋaTa breathe 10  
33 to laugh *fata to laugh 10  
33 to laugh *ffata to laugh 10  
46 to see *weri- to see 10  
48 to sleep *mʷmʷe   10  
58 wife *pʷpʷúlú spouse 10  
58 wife *pʷúlú-wa- married 10  
103 meat/flesh *fidiko   10  
116 flower *péé flower 10  
144 to burn word info *kú[t0]ú (?) burn furiously with leaping flames 10  
144 to burn word info kú[t0]ú-ri (?) burn furiously with leaping flames 10  
153 big *lapa   10  
153 big *lalapa   10  
153 big *lapalapa   10  
196 to count *wade to count 10  
14 belly *wupʷa   11  
21 to think *maŋi think 11  
21 to think maŋimaŋi ponder 11  
29 to sniff, smell *daŋú   11  
33 to laugh *kka[t0]i to laugh (?) 11  
38 to chew word info *lúú to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *ŋúŋŋú to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *ŋú-di- to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *ŋú-da- to chew 11  
66 to tie up, fasten *faúfaú   11  
66 to tie up, fasten *faú-di-   11  
74 to kill *nii strike 11  
74 to kill *nnii kill 11  
74 to kill *niinii   11  
77 to scratch word info *kkaadú   11  
123 to flow *pʷuyu flow, go, move 11  
139 cold word info *ffééú   11  
140 dry word info *mmada   11  
178 that *mʷuu that 11  
178 that *mʷuu-n[ae] that 11  
178 that *kka-mʷuu-n[ae] those (near person addressed) 11  
196 to count *paapaa   11  
196 to count *paa-ŋi   11  
13 back word info *takúrú   12  
21 to think *aki-   12  
21 to think *akiaki   12  
21 to think *aki-i-   12  
39 to cook word info *pʷuka-a boiled 12  
77 to scratch word info *karikari   12  
92 to open, uncover *wea   12  
121 sand *pi[ae]   12  
121 sand *ppi[ae]   12  
130 star *icci a star 12  
141 wet *ccoki be wet 12  
154 short word info *mʷoco   12  
154 short word info *mʷocomʷoco   12  
166 correct, true *pʷúŋú   12  
182 I *ŋaaŋú   12  
196 to count *alle count/enumerate 12  
2 left *maúŋú (?) 13  
54 man/male *wolo-   13  
71 to stab, pierce *dowu   13  
82 dull, blunt *kapʷu   13  
82 dull, blunt *kkapʷu   13  
101 to fly *yali to fly 13  
119 earth/soil *pʷelú   13  
119 earth/soil *pʷpʷelú   13  
124 sea *ma-dawa   13  
140 dry word info *maro   13  
140 dry word info *maro-nako   13  
155 long word info *yalayi   13  
155 long word info yalalayi   13  
155 long word info layalayi   13  
179 near *repa near 13  
179 near *ka-repa close 13  
151 green *karawa blue 13, 52  
151 green *karawarawa green (?) 13, 52  
8 to turn word info *tape   14  
16 intestines *daa intestine 14  
64 to say *terú to say 14  
94 to throw word info *kace   14  
94 to throw word info *kace-ti-   14  
137 to blow word info *paú   14  
137 to blow word info *paúpaú   14  
160 painful, sick *ta-mʷaaú sickness/be sick 14  
197 One word info *te-   14  
81 sharp *kkaŋi   14, 68  
4 leg/foot *pecee leg 15  
88 to squeeze word info *fia squeeze 15  
88 to squeeze word info fiya-ŋi- squeeze 15  
137 to blow word info *wuku   15  
134 thunder *parra ? 15, 16  
57 husband *pʷpʷúlú spouse 16  
57 husband *pʷúlú-wa- married 16  
89 to hold word info *mʷacú be held/caught/to hold/grip 16  
89 to hold word info *(ka)-mʷacú-(ú) be held/caught/to hold/grip 16  
95 to fall word info *mʷoro to fall 16  
102 rat *keci rat 16  
32 tongue *lewe   17  
112 rotten word info *pʷaa   17  
127 woods/forest *waalú   17  
127 woods/forest *walú-   17  
127 woods/forest *walúwalú   17  
149 red *para   17  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-ratú   17  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-rati   17  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-i   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula-a   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula-i   18  
25 neck *úa   18  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafa   18  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafatafa   18  
51 to sit *maado   18, 101  
51 to sit *maddo   18, 101  
47 to yawn *mmawa (?) 19  
47 to yawn *mawa (?) 19  
47 to yawn *maawo (?) 19  
36 to spit *ma-dipi to spit out from mouth 19, 53  
36 to spit *ma-ddipi to spit out from mouth 19, 53  
36 to spit *kaddifa to spit 19, 55  
39 to cook word info *mado (?) cooked. 19, 82  
39 to cook word info *maddo   19, 82  
39 to cook word info *maud[ao]   19, 82  
15 bone *cúyi   2  
52 to stand *túú   2  
67 to sew word info *daidai   2  
67 to sew word info *dai-ti   2  
79 stick/wood *raae   2  
79 stick/wood *rae-   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuki   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tukituki   2  
115 root wakara   2  
145 smoke word info *adú   2  
185 we word info *kami excl., 2  
192 and *me and (with) 2  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwúkúa   20  
42 to suck *dúdú   25  
80 to split word info *dila chop lengthwise 29  
80 to split word info *dila-ŋi- split 29  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷpʷoo   3  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷpʷau   3  
204 Eight word info *walú-ike   3  
204 Eight word info *walu-uwa   3  
204 Eight word info *walú   3  
181 where? word info *i-faa   3, 48  
31 tooth *ŋii   30  
31 tooth *-ŋi   30  
99 feather *úna   30  
99 feather *únaúna   30  
30 mouth *aawa   36  
30 mouth *awa-   36  
181 where? word info *iaa   37  
75 to die, be dead *pee   4  
195 no, not *-tai   4  
195 no, not *ta-   4  
185 we word info *kayi excl. 43  
56 child *naaú   5  
56 child *naú-na   5  
56 child *naúnaú   5  
171 to hide word info *yop[eo] to hide, be hidden 5  
205 Nine word info *diwa   5  
206 Ten word info *-ŋawulu   5  
112 rotten word info *maca   50  
112 rotten word info *mmaca   50  
38 to chew word info *lúúlúú to chew 59  
38 to chew word info *lúúlúú-(wa) to chew 59  
55 woman/female *liya-   6  
84 to plant *fado   6  
84 to plant *fafado   6  
84 to plant *fado-ki   6  
84 to plant *fado-ka   6  
168 day *raani   6  
183 thou *keen[ae] you (sg. personal noun) 6  
71 to stab, pierce *doka   67  
53 person/human being *ar[ae]-mata   67, 70  
9 to swim *yafe   7  
55 woman/female *cao-pʷuda woman 7  
56 child *tari   7  
76 to live, be alive *ma-nawa   7  
129 moon *ma-rama   7  
146 ash *peyata   7  
193 if *karee if 7  
193 if *kareeree when (future uncertain) 7  
82 dull, blunt *kuu   72  
1 hand *paú   8  
5 to walk *fadale   8  
37 to eat *mʷaŋaú   8  
73 to steal *pirafa   8  
86 to grow word info *fakola grow/be reared 8  
90 to dig *dowu   8  
146 ash *falaŋa ashes 8  
147 black *calo (<*calocalo) 8  
147 black caccalo (<*calocalo) 8  
172 to climb word info *daú go on all fours, crawl 8  
172 to climb word info *daú-ki climb 8  
72 to hit word info *duku   8, 63  
72 to hit word info *dduku   8, 63  
72 to hit word info *duku-u   8, 63  
152 small *kidi   80  
152 small *ciki   81  
1 hand *kumʷucú   9  
41 to bite *kkú   9  
41 to bite kú-tú   9  
50 to dream *ddana   9  
73 to steal *mʷacoko to steal 9  
97 bird *likaapi a bird 9  
142 heavy *ccau   9  
146 ash *ma-woco coal/ashes 9  
146 ash *ma-wocooco coal/ashes 9  
150 yellow *yaloyalo yellow 9  
159 wide *caú-   9  
159 wide *caúki-Ti   9  
189 who? word info *yau   9  
189 who? word info -*t[ae]ú   9  
159 wide *cau-lapa   9, 48  
41 to bite kúkkú   9, 74  
41 to bite kútúkútú   9, 74  

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