abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Chuukic

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  AKA Proto-Trukic

Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Trukic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 24 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
83 to work word info      
91 to buy      
96 dog      
100 wing      
104 fat/grease      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
125 salt      
126 lake      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
135 lightning      
138 warm word info      
148 white      
158 narrow      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
169 year      
175 above      
176 below      
190 other      
191 all      
194 how? word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
170 when? word info *(i)-nai-da   1  
170 when? word info *(i)-ŋai-da   1  
89 to hold word info *(ka)-mʷacú-(ú) be held/caught/to hold/grip 16  
188 what? word info *(mee)-daa   1, 64  
188 what? word info *-daa   1, 52  
120 stone *-faú   1  
186 you *-kamii you (pl.) 1, 13  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwúkúa   20  
195 no, not *-tai   4  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-rati   17  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-ratú   17  
206 Ten word info *-ŋawulu   5  
31 tooth *-ŋi   30  
30 mouth *aawa   36  
145 smoke word info *adú   2  
21 to think *aki-   12  
21 to think *aki-i-   12  
21 to think *akiaki   12  
196 to count *alle count/enumerate 12  
53 person/human being *ar[ae]-mata   67, 70  
30 mouth *awa-   36  
136 wind *aŋi   1  
122 water word info *caccanú   1  
147 black *calo (<*calocalo) 8  
122 water word info *canú   1  
55 woman/female *cao-pʷuda woman 7  
159 wide *cau-lapa   9, 48  
114 leaf *caú   1  
159 wide *caú-   9  
159 wide *caúki-Ti   9  
23 blood *ccaa   1  
122 water word info *ccanú   1  
142 heavy *ccau   9  
141 wet *ccoki be wet 12  
152 small *ciki   81  
15 bone *cúyi   2  
16 intestines *daa intestine 14  
67 to sew word info *dai-ti   2  
67 to sew word info *daidai   2  
172 to climb word info *daú go on all fours, crawl 8  
172 to climb word info *daú-ki climb 8  
29 to sniff, smell *daŋú   11  
50 to dream *ddana   9  
72 to hit word info *dduku   8, 63  
67 to sew word info *di-      
67 to sew word info *di-kaki      
67 to sew word info *di-ki      
80 to split word info *dila chop lengthwise 29  
80 to split word info *dila-ŋi- split 29  
205 Nine word info *diwa   5  
180 far *doa- "distant, far off" (Bender et al p85) 1  
71 to stab, pierce *doka   67  
71 to stab, pierce *dowu   13  
90 to dig *dowu   8  
72 to hit word info *duku   8, 63  
72 to hit word info *duku-u   8, 63  
18 breast *dúdú   1  
42 to suck *dúdú   25  
197 One word info *edda   1  
128 sky *faa-i-laŋi lower region of sky 1  
5 to walk *fadale   8  
118 grass *fadili   1  
84 to plant *fado   6  
84 to plant *fado-ka   6  
84 to plant *fado-ki   6  
84 to plant *fafado   6  
55 woman/female *faifine   1, 47  
86 to grow word info *fakola grow/be reared 8  
146 ash *falaŋa ashes 8  
89 to hold word info *faro hold tightly    
89 to hold word info *faro-ki- hold tightly    
33 to laugh *fata to laugh 10  
120 stone *fatú   1  
163 new *faú new 1  
66 to tie up, fasten *faú-di-   11  
66 to tie up, fasten *faúfaú   11  
200 Four word info *faŋi   1, 67  
33 to laugh *ffata to laugh 10  
85 to choose *ffini   1  
139 cold word info *ffééú   11  
88 to squeeze word info *fia squeeze 15  
103 meat/flesh *fidiko   10  
85 to choose *fini   1  
203 Seven word info *fiti-ike   1  
203 Seven word info *fitu-uwa   1  
203 Seven word info *fitú   1  
130 star *fútúú (?) 1  
173 at *i-   1  
181 where? word info *i-faa   3, 48  
184 he/she *ia independent pronoun 1  
181 where? word info *iaa   37  
130 star *icci a star 12  
63 name *ida   1, 66  
61 house *imʷa   1, 48  
187 they *ira   1, 70  
179 near *ka-repa close 13  
186 you *kaamii you (pl.) 1, 13  
94 to throw word info *kace   14  
94 to throw word info *kace-ti-   14  
36 to spit *kaddifa to spit 19, 55  
185 we word info *kami excl., 2  
82 dull, blunt *kapʷu   13  
151 green *karawa blue 13, 52  
151 green *karawarawa green (?) 13, 52  
193 if *karee if 7  
193 if *kareeree when (future uncertain) 7  
77 to scratch word info *karikari   12  
186 you *kawú you (pl., as subj. marker) 1  
185 we word info *kayi excl. 43  
37 to eat *kaŋi   1  
102 rat *keci rat 16  
183 thou *keen[ae] you (sg. personal noun) 6  
90 to dig *keli   1  
90 to dig *keli-ŋi-   1  
185 we word info *kica incl. 1, 42  
152 small *kidi   80  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-i   18  
12 skin *kili   1  
178 that *kka-mʷuu-n[ae] those (near person addressed) 11  
33 to laugh *kka[t0]i to laugh (?) 11  
77 to scratch word info *kkaadú   11  
82 dull, blunt *kkapʷu   13  
81 sharp *kkaŋi   14, 68  
41 to bite *kkú   9  
183 thou *ko-   1  
183 thou *koe   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula-a   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula-i   18  
1 hand *kumʷucú   9  
82 dull, blunt *kuu   72  
144 to burn word info *kú[t0]ú (?) burn furiously with leaping flames 10  
108 louse word info *kútú   1  
157 thick word info *kúú      
153 big *lalapa   10  
174 in, inside *lalo   1  
153 big *lapa   10  
153 big *lapalapa   10  
128 sky *laŋi sky/heaven 1  
32 tongue *lewe   17  
97 bird *likaapi a bird 9  
201 Five word info *lim-manú   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
201 Five word info *lima-ike   1  
201 Five word info *lima-ua   1  
55 woman/female *liya-   6  
7 to come *luu come/go/pass by    
38 to chew word info *lúú to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *lúúlúú to chew 59  
38 to chew word info *lúúlúú-(wa) to chew 59  
111 fish *mWoTo ?    
124 sea *ma-dawa   13  
36 to spit *ma-ddipi to spit out from mouth 19, 53  
36 to spit *ma-dipi to spit out from mouth 19, 53  
76 to live, be alive *ma-nawa   7  
156 thin word info *ma-nifi   1  
129 moon *ma-rama   7  
22 to fear *ma-takú   1  
146 ash *ma-woco coal/ashes 9  
146 ash *ma-wocooco coal/ashes 9  
51 to sit *maado   18, 101  
47 to yawn *maawo (?) 19  
112 rotten word info *maca   50  
160 painful, sick *madaki painful/hurt 1  
39 to cook word info *maddo   19, 82  
51 to sit *maddo   18, 101  
39 to cook word info *mado (?) cooked. 19, 82  
140 dry word info *maro   13  
140 dry word info *maro-nako   13  
45 eye *mata   1  
75 to die, be dead *mate *pee (?) 1  
48 to sleep *matúrú   1  
39 to cook word info *maud[ao]   19, 82  
47 to yawn *mawa (?) 19  
76 to live, be alive *maúrú   1, 76  
2 left *maúŋú (?) 13  
21 to think *maŋi think 11  
192 and *me and (with) 2  
112 rotten word info *mmaca   50  
140 dry word info *mmada   11  
47 to yawn *mmawa (?) 19  
54 man/male *mʷaane   1  
73 to steal *mʷacoko to steal 9  
89 to hold word info *mʷacú be held/caught/to hold/grip 16  
37 to eat *mʷaŋaú   8  
48 to sleep *mʷmʷe   10  
35 to vomit *mʷmʷuta   1  
154 short word info *mʷoco   12  
154 short word info *mʷocomʷoco   12  
95 to fall word info *mʷoro to fall 16  
178 that *mʷuu that 11  
178 that *mʷuu-n[ae] that 11  
56 child *naaú   5  
109 mosquito *namʷu   1  
56 child *naú-na   5  
56 child *naúnaú   5  
74 to kill *nii strike 11  
74 to kill *niinii   11  
74 to kill *nnii kill 11  
196 to count *paa-ŋi   11  
196 to count *paapaa   11  
149 red *para   17  
134 thunder *parra ? 15, 16  
1 hand *paú   8  
137 to blow word info *paú   14  
137 to blow word info *paúpaú   14  
4 leg/foot *pecee leg 15  
75 to die, be dead *pee   4  
146 ash *peyata   7  
121 sand *pi[ae]   12  
73 to steal *pirafa   8  
121 sand *ppi[ae]   12  
116 flower *péé flower 10  
112 rotten word info *pʷaa   17  
27 nose *pʷaútú   1, 12  
119 earth/soil *pʷelú   13  
7 to come *pʷer[ae] go/come through/pass 10  
167 night *pʷoŋi   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷpʷau   3  
119 earth/soil *pʷpʷelú   13  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷpʷoo   3  
57 husband *pʷpʷúlú spouse 16  
58 wife *pʷpʷúlú spouse 10  
39 to cook word info *pʷuka-a boiled 12  
123 to flow *pʷuyu flow, go, move 11  
57 husband *pʷúlú-wa- married 16  
58 wife *pʷúlú-wa- married 10  
166 correct, true *pʷúŋú   12  
187 they *ra-   1, 70  
79 stick/wood *raae   2  
113 branch word info *raae   1  
168 day *raani   6  
79 stick/wood *rae-   2  
187 they *re-   1, 70  
179 near *repa near 13  
198 Two word info *rúwa   1  
195 no, not *ta-   4  
160 painful, sick *ta-mʷaaú sickness/be sick 14  
124 sea *tadi   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafa   18  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafatafa   18  
98 egg *takullu egg; note that Bender et al. (2003) think these Chuukic forms may be la loan from somewhere. 1, 66  
13 back word info *takúrú   12  
65 rope *tali   1  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
60 father *tama   1  
34 to cry *tangi-di-   1  
119 earth/soil *tano   1  
8 to turn word info *tape   14  
56 child *tari   7  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
34 to cry *taŋi   1  
34 to cry *taŋitaŋi   1  
197 One word info *te-   14  
199 Three word info *telú   1  
199 Three word info *telú-yike   1  
64 to say *terú to say 14  
59 mother *tina   1  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuki   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tukituki   2  
52 to stand *túú   2  
133 rain *uda   1  
127 woods/forest *waalú   17  
196 to count *wade to count 10  
204 Eight word info *walu-uwa   3  
204 Eight word info *walú   3  
127 woods/forest *walú-   17  
204 Eight word info *walú-ike   3  
127 woods/forest *walúwalú   17  
92 to open, uncover *wea   12  
46 to see *weri- to see 10  
54 man/male *wolo-   13  
49 to lie down word info *wono   1  
202 Six word info *wono-   1  
202 Six word info *woono   1  
137 to blow word info *wuku   15  
14 belly *wupʷa   11  
87 to swell word info *wupʷa to swell    
117 fruit *wuwaa   1  
62 thatch/roof *yaTo   1  
19 shoulder *yafara   1  
9 to swim *yafe   7  
143 fire *yafi   1  
6 road/path *yala   1  
155 long word info *yalayi   13  
101 to fly *yali to fly 13  
150 yellow *yaloyalo yellow 9  
17 liver *yate   1  
189 who? word info *yau   9  
177 this *yee   1, 18  
177 this *yeena   1, 33  
178 that *yeena this 1  
171 to hide word info *yop[eo] to hide, be hidden 5  
25 neck *úa   18  
105 tail *úkú   1  
24 head *úlú   1  
26 hair word info *úna   10  
99 feather *úna   30  
26 hair word info *úna-fi   10  
26 hair word info *únaúna   10  
99 feather *únaúna   30  
40 to drink *únú   1  
40 to drink *únú-ma   1  
40 to drink *únú-mi   1  
28 to breathe *ŋaTa breathe 10  
182 I *ŋaaŋú   12  
31 tooth *ŋii   30  
38 to chew word info *ŋú-da- to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *ŋú-di- to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *ŋúŋŋú to chew 11  
189 who? word info -*t[ae]ú   9  
136 wind aŋiaŋi   1  
147 black caccalo (<*calocalo) 8  
88 to squeeze word info fiya-ŋi- squeeze 15  
41 to bite kú-tú   9  
144 to burn word info kú[t0]ú-ri (?) burn furiously with leaping flames 10  
41 to bite kúkkú   9, 74  
41 to bite kútúkútú   9, 74  
155 long word info layalayi   13  
156 thin word info ma-nifinifi   1  
21 to think maŋimaŋi ponder 11  
35 to vomit mʷmʷuta-aki-ni   1  
113 branch word info rae-   1  
44 to hear roŋo   1  
44 to hear roŋoroŋo   1  
115 root wakara   2  
155 long word info yalalayi   13  
28 to breathe ŋaTaŋaTa breathe 10  

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