abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Chuukic

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  AKA Proto-Trukic

Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Trukic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 24 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
3 right      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
83 to work word info      
91 to buy      
96 dog      
100 wing      
104 fat/grease      
106 snake      
107 worm (earthworm)      
110 spider      
125 salt      
126 lake      
131 cloud word info      
132 fog      
135 lightning      
138 warm word info      
148 white      
158 narrow      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
164 good      
165 bad, evil      
169 year      
175 above      
176 below      
190 other      
191 all      
194 how? word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
1 hand *paú   8  
1 hand *kumʷucú   9  
2 left *maúŋú (?) 13  
4 leg/foot *pecee leg 15  
5 to walk *fadale   8  
6 road/path *yala   1  
7 to come *luu come/go/pass by    
7 to come *pʷer[ae] go/come through/pass 10  
8 to turn word info *tape   14  
9 to swim *yafe   7  
12 skin *kili   1  
13 back word info *takúrú   12  
14 belly *wupʷa   11  
15 bone *cúyi   2  
16 intestines *daa intestine 14  
17 liver *yate   1  
18 breast *dúdú   1  
19 shoulder *yafara   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-i   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula-a   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula-i   18  
21 to think *maŋi think 11  
21 to think maŋimaŋi ponder 11  
21 to think *aki-   12  
21 to think *akiaki   12  
21 to think *aki-i-   12  
22 to fear *ma-takú   1  
23 blood *ccaa   1  
24 head *úlú   1  
25 neck *úa   18  
26 hair word info *úna   10  
26 hair word info *únaúna   10  
26 hair word info *úna-fi   10  
27 nose *pʷaútú   1, 12  
28 to breathe *ŋaTa breathe 10  
28 to breathe ŋaTaŋaTa breathe 10  
29 to sniff, smell *daŋú   11  
30 mouth *aawa   36  
30 mouth *awa-   36  
31 tooth *ŋii   30  
31 tooth *-ŋi   30  
32 tongue *lewe   17  
33 to laugh *fata to laugh 10  
33 to laugh *ffata to laugh 10  
33 to laugh *kka[t0]i to laugh (?) 11  
34 to cry *taŋi   1  
34 to cry *taŋitaŋi   1  
34 to cry *tangi-di-   1  
35 to vomit *mʷmʷuta   1  
35 to vomit mʷmʷuta-aki-ni   1  
36 to spit *kaddifa to spit 19, 55  
36 to spit *ma-dipi to spit out from mouth 19, 53  
36 to spit *ma-ddipi to spit out from mouth 19, 53  
37 to eat *mʷaŋaú   8  
37 to eat *kaŋi   1  
38 to chew word info *lúú to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *lúúlúú to chew 59  
38 to chew word info *lúúlúú-(wa) to chew 59  
38 to chew word info *ŋúŋŋú to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *ŋú-di- to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *ŋú-da- to chew 11  
39 to cook word info *mado (?) cooked. 19, 82  
39 to cook word info *maddo   19, 82  
39 to cook word info *maud[ao]   19, 82  
39 to cook word info *pʷuka-a boiled 12  
40 to drink *únú   1  
40 to drink *únú-mi   1  
40 to drink *únú-ma   1  
41 to bite *kkú   9  
41 to bite kúkkú   9, 74  
41 to bite kú-tú   9  
41 to bite kútúkútú   9, 74  
42 to suck *dúdú   25  
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
44 to hear roŋo   1  
44 to hear roŋoroŋo   1  
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *weri- to see 10  
47 to yawn *mmawa (?) 19  
47 to yawn *mawa (?) 19  
47 to yawn *maawo (?) 19  
48 to sleep *matúrú   1  
48 to sleep *mʷmʷe   10  
49 to lie down word info *wono   1  
50 to dream *ddana   9  
51 to sit *maado   18, 101  
51 to sit *maddo   18, 101  
52 to stand *túú   2  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
53 person/human being *ar[ae]-mata   67, 70  
54 man/male *mʷaane   1  
54 man/male *wolo-   13  
55 woman/female *cao-pʷuda woman 7  
55 woman/female *faifine   1, 47  
55 woman/female *liya-   6  
56 child *naaú   5  
56 child *naú-na   5  
56 child *naúnaú   5  
56 child *tari   7  
57 husband *pʷpʷúlú spouse 16  
57 husband *pʷúlú-wa- married 16  
58 wife *pʷpʷúlú spouse 10  
58 wife *pʷúlú-wa- married 10  
59 mother *tina   1  
60 father *tama   1  
61 house *imʷa   1, 48  
62 thatch/roof *yaTo   1  
63 name *ida   1, 66  
64 to say *terú to say 14  
65 rope *tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *faúfaú   11  
66 to tie up, fasten *faú-di-   11  
67 to sew word info *daidai   2  
67 to sew word info *dai-ti   2  
67 to sew word info *di-      
67 to sew word info *di-ki      
67 to sew word info *di-kaki      
71 to stab, pierce *doka   67  
71 to stab, pierce *dowu   13  
72 to hit word info *duku   8, 63  
72 to hit word info *dduku   8, 63  
72 to hit word info *duku-u   8, 63  
73 to steal *mʷacoko to steal 9  
73 to steal *pirafa   8  
74 to kill *nii strike 11  
74 to kill *nnii kill 11  
74 to kill *niinii   11  
75 to die, be dead *mate *pee (?) 1  
75 to die, be dead *pee   4  
76 to live, be alive *maúrú   1, 76  
76 to live, be alive *ma-nawa   7  
77 to scratch word info *kkaadú   11  
77 to scratch word info *karikari   12  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafa   18  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafatafa   18  
79 stick/wood *raae   2  
79 stick/wood *rae-   2  
80 to split word info *dila chop lengthwise 29  
80 to split word info *dila-ŋi- split 29  
81 sharp *kkaŋi   14, 68  
82 dull, blunt *kapʷu   13  
82 dull, blunt *kkapʷu   13  
82 dull, blunt *kuu   72  
84 to plant *fado   6  
84 to plant *fafado   6  
84 to plant *fado-ki   6  
84 to plant *fado-ka   6  
85 to choose *fini   1  
85 to choose *ffini   1  
86 to grow word info *fakola grow/be reared 8  
87 to swell word info *wupʷa to swell    
88 to squeeze word info *fia squeeze 15  
88 to squeeze word info fiya-ŋi- squeeze 15  
89 to hold word info *faro hold tightly    
89 to hold word info *faro-ki- hold tightly    
89 to hold word info *mʷacú be held/caught/to hold/grip 16  
89 to hold word info *(ka)-mʷacú-(ú) be held/caught/to hold/grip 16  
90 to dig *keli   1  
90 to dig *keli-ŋi-   1  
90 to dig *dowu   8  
92 to open, uncover *wea   12  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷpʷoo   3  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷpʷau   3  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuki   20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tukituki   20, 2  
94 to throw word info *kace   14  
94 to throw word info *kace-ti-   14  
95 to fall word info *mʷoro to fall 16  
97 bird *likaapi a bird 9  
98 egg *takullu egg; note that Bender et al. (2003) think these Chuukic forms may be la loan from somewhere. 1, 66  
99 feather *úna   30  
99 feather *únaúna   30  
101 to fly *yali to fly 13  
102 rat *keci rat 16  
103 meat/flesh *fidiko   10  
105 tail *úkú   1  
108 louse word info *kútú   1  
109 mosquito *namʷu   1  
111 fish *mWoTo ?    
112 rotten word info *maca   50  
112 rotten word info *pʷaa   17  
112 rotten word info *mmaca   50  
113 branch word info *raae   1  
113 branch word info rae-   1  
114 leaf *caú   1  
115 root wakara   2  
116 flower *péé flower 10  
117 fruit *wuwaa   1  
118 grass *fadili   1  
119 earth/soil *pʷelú   13  
119 earth/soil *pʷpʷelú   13  
119 earth/soil *tano   1  
120 stone *fatú   1  
120 stone *-faú   1  
121 sand *pi[ae]   12  
121 sand *ppi[ae]   12  
122 water word info *canú   1  
122 water word info *ccanú   1  
122 water word info *caccanú   1  
123 to flow *pʷuyu flow, go, move 11  
124 sea *ma-dawa   13  
124 sea *tadi   1  
127 woods/forest *waalú   17  
127 woods/forest *walú-   17  
127 woods/forest *walúwalú   17  
128 sky *laŋi sky/heaven 1  
128 sky *faa-i-laŋi lower region of sky 1  
129 moon *ma-rama   7  
130 star *fútúú (?) 1  
130 star *icci a star 12  
133 rain *uda   1  
134 thunder *parra ? 15, 16  
136 wind *aŋi   1  
136 wind aŋiaŋi   1  
137 to blow word info *paú   14  
137 to blow word info *paúpaú   14  
137 to blow word info *wuku   15  
139 cold word info *ffééú   11  
140 dry word info *mmada   11  
140 dry word info *maro   13  
140 dry word info *maro-nako   13  
141 wet *ccoki be wet 12  
142 heavy *ccau   9  
143 fire *yafi   1  
144 to burn word info *kú[t0]ú (?) burn furiously with leaping flames 10  
144 to burn word info kú[t0]ú-ri (?) burn furiously with leaping flames 10  
145 smoke word info *adú   2  
146 ash *falaŋa ashes 8  
146 ash *peyata   7  
146 ash *ma-woco coal/ashes 9  
146 ash *ma-wocooco coal/ashes 9  
147 black *calo (<*calocalo) 8  
147 black caccalo (<*calocalo) 8  
149 red *para   17  
150 yellow *yaloyalo yellow 9  
151 green *karawa blue 13, 52  
151 green *karawarawa green (?) 13, 52  
152 small *ciki   81  
152 small *kidi   80  
153 big *lapa   10  
153 big *lalapa   10  
153 big *lapalapa   10  
154 short word info *mʷoco   12  
154 short word info *mʷocomʷoco   12  
155 long word info *yalayi   13  
155 long word info yalalayi   13  
155 long word info layalayi   13  
156 thin word info *ma-nifi   1  
156 thin word info ma-nifinifi   1  
157 thick word info *kúú      
159 wide *caú-   9  
159 wide *caúki-Ti   9  
159 wide *cau-lapa   9, 48  
160 painful, sick *madaki painful/hurt 1  
160 painful, sick *ta-mʷaaú sickness/be sick 14  
163 new *faú new 1  
166 correct, true *pʷúŋú   12  
167 night *pʷoŋi   1  
168 day *raani   6  
170 when? word info *(i)-nai-da   1  
170 when? word info *(i)-ŋai-da   1  
171 to hide word info *yop[eo] to hide, be hidden 5  
172 to climb word info *daú go on all fours, crawl 8  
172 to climb word info *daú-ki climb 8  
173 at *i-   1  
174 in, inside *lalo   1  
177 this *yee   1, 18  
177 this *yeena   1, 33  
178 that *yeena this 1  
178 that *mʷuu that 11  
178 that *mʷuu-n[ae] that 11  
178 that *kka-mʷuu-n[ae] those (near person addressed) 11  
179 near *repa near 13  
179 near *ka-repa close 13  
180 far *doa- "distant, far off" (Bender et al p85) 1  
181 where? word info *i-faa   3, 48  
181 where? word info *iaa   37  
182 I *ŋaaŋú   12  
183 thou *ko-   1  
183 thou *koe   1  
183 thou *keen[ae] you (sg. personal noun) 6  
184 he/she *ia independent pronoun 1  
185 we word info *kica incl. 1, 42  
185 we word info *kayi excl. 43  
185 we word info *kami excl., 2  
186 you *kawú you (pl., as subj. marker) 1  
186 you *kaamii you (pl.) 1, 13  
186 you *-kamii you (pl.) 1, 13  
187 they *re-   1, 70  
187 they *ra-   1, 70  
187 they *ira   1, 70  
188 what? word info *-daa   1, 52  
188 what? word info *(mee)-daa   1, 64  
189 who? word info *yau   9  
189 who? word info -*t[ae]ú   9  
192 and *me and (with) 2  
193 if *karee if 7  
193 if *kareeree when (future uncertain) 7  
195 no, not *-tai   4  
195 no, not *ta-   4  
196 to count *alle count/enumerate 12  
196 to count *wade to count 10  
196 to count *paapaa   11  
196 to count *paa-ŋi   11  
197 One word info *edda   1  
197 One word info *te-   14  
198 Two word info *rúwa   1  
199 Three word info *telú   1  
199 Three word info *telú-yike   1  
200 Four word info *faŋi   1, 67  
201 Five word info *lima-ike   1  
201 Five word info *lima-ua   1  
201 Five word info *lim-manú   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
202 Six word info *wono-   1  
202 Six word info *woono   1  
203 Seven word info *fiti-ike   1  
203 Seven word info *fitu-uwa   1  
203 Seven word info *fitú   1  
204 Eight word info *walú-ike   3  
204 Eight word info *walu-uwa   3  
204 Eight word info *walú   3  
205 Nine word info *diwa   5  
206 Ten word info *-ŋawulu   5  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwúkúa   20  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-ratú   17  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-rati   17  

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