abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Chuukic

Source/Author:  Bender et al. (2003a,b) 
Notes:  AKA Proto-Trukic

Bender, W.B., Goodenough, W.H., Jackson, F.H., Marck, J.C., Rehg, K.L., Sohn, H., Trussel, S. & Wang, J.W. (2003) Proto-Micronesian Reconstructions I & II. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Micronesian:Micronesian Proper:Ponapeic-Trukic:Trukic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above      
191 all      
192 and *me and (with) 2  
146 ash *falaŋa ashes 8  
146 ash *peyata   7  
146 ash *ma-woco coal/ashes 9  
146 ash *ma-wocooco coal/ashes 9  
173 at *i-   1  
13 back word info *takúrú   12  
165 bad, evil      
14 belly *wupʷa   11  
176 below      
153 big *lapa   10  
153 big *lalapa   10  
153 big *lapalapa   10  
97 bird *likaapi a bird 9  
147 black *calo (<*calocalo) 8  
147 black caccalo (<*calocalo) 8  
23 blood *ccaa   1  
15 bone *cúyi   2  
113 branch word info *raae   1  
113 branch word info rae-   1  
18 breast *dúdú   1  
56 child *naaú   5  
56 child *naú-na   5  
56 child *naúnaú   5  
56 child *tari   7  
131 cloud word info      
139 cold word info *ffééú   11  
166 correct, true *pʷúŋú   12  
168 day *raani   6  
10 dirty      
96 dog      
140 dry word info *mmada   11  
140 dry word info *maro   13  
140 dry word info *maro-nako   13  
82 dull, blunt *kapʷu   13  
82 dull, blunt *kkapʷu   13  
82 dull, blunt *kuu   72  
11 dust      
43 ear *taliŋa   1  
119 earth/soil *pʷelú   13  
119 earth/soil *pʷpʷelú   13  
119 earth/soil *tano   1  
98 egg *takullu egg; note that Bender et al. (2003) think these Chuukic forms may be la loan from somewhere. 1, 66  
204 Eight word info *walú-ike   3  
204 Eight word info *walu-uwa   3  
204 Eight word info *walú   3  
45 eye *mata   1  
180 far *doa- "distant, far off" (Bender et al p85) 1  
104 fat/grease      
60 father *tama   1  
99 feather *úna   30  
99 feather *únaúna   30  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire *yafi   1  
111 fish *mWoTo ?    
201 Five word info *lima-ike   1  
201 Five word info *lima-ua   1  
201 Five word info *lim-manú   1  
201 Five word info *lima   1  
116 flower *péé flower 10  
132 fog      
200 Four word info *faŋi   1, 67  
117 fruit *wuwaa   1  
164 good      
118 grass *fadili   1  
151 green *karawa blue 13, 52  
151 green *karawarawa green (?) 13, 52  
26 hair word info *úna   10  
26 hair word info *únaúna   10  
26 hair word info *úna-fi   10  
1 hand *paú   8  
1 hand *kumʷucú   9  
184 he/she *ia independent pronoun 1  
24 head *úlú   1  
142 heavy *ccau   9  
61 house *imʷa   1, 48  
194 how? word info      
57 husband *pʷpʷúlú spouse 16  
57 husband *pʷúlú-wa- married 16  
182 I *ŋaaŋú   12  
193 if *karee if 7  
193 if *kareeree when (future uncertain) 7  
174 in, inside *lalo   1  
16 intestines *daa intestine 14  
126 lake      
114 leaf *caú   1  
2 left *maúŋú (?) 13  
4 leg/foot *pecee leg 15  
135 lightning      
17 liver *yate   1  
155 long word info *yalayi   13  
155 long word info yalalayi   13  
155 long word info layalayi   13  
108 louse word info *kútú   1  
54 man/male *mʷaane   1  
54 man/male *wolo-   13  
103 meat/flesh *fidiko   10  
129 moon *ma-rama   7  
109 mosquito *namʷu   1  
59 mother *tina   1  
30 mouth *aawa   36  
30 mouth *awa-   36  
63 name *ida   1, 66  
158 narrow      
179 near *repa near 13  
179 near *ka-repa close 13  
25 neck *úa   18  
68 needle      
163 new *faú new 1  
167 night *pʷoŋi   1  
205 Nine word info *diwa   5  
195 no, not *-tai   4  
195 no, not *ta-   4  
27 nose *pʷaútú   1, 12  
162 old word info      
197 One word info *edda   1  
197 One word info *te-   14  
209 One Hundred word info *-pwúkúa   20  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-ratú   17  
210 One Thousand word info *-ŋa-rati   17  
190 other      
160 painful, sick *madaki painful/hurt 1  
160 painful, sick *ta-mʷaaú sickness/be sick 14  
53 person/human being *tau   1  
53 person/human being *ar[ae]-mata   67, 70  
133 rain *uda   1  
102 rat *keci rat 16  
149 red *para   17  
3 right      
6 road/path *yala   1  
115 root wakara   2  
65 rope *tali   1  
112 rotten word info *maca   50  
112 rotten word info *pʷaa   17  
112 rotten word info *mmaca   50  
125 salt      
121 sand *pi[ae]   12  
121 sand *ppi[ae]   12  
124 sea *ma-dawa   13  
124 sea *tadi   1  
203 Seven word info *fiti-ike   1  
203 Seven word info *fitu-uwa   1  
203 Seven word info *fitú   1  
81 sharp *kkaŋi   14, 68  
154 short word info *mʷoco   12  
154 short word info *mʷocomʷoco   12  
19 shoulder *yafara   1  
161 shy, ashamed      
202 Six word info *wono-   1  
202 Six word info *woono   1  
12 skin *kili   1  
128 sky *laŋi sky/heaven 1  
128 sky *faa-i-laŋi lower region of sky 1  
152 small *ciki   81  
152 small *kidi   80  
145 smoke word info *adú   2  
106 snake      
110 spider      
130 star *fútúú (?) 1  
130 star *icci a star 12  
79 stick/wood *raae   2  
79 stick/wood *rae-   2  
120 stone *fatú   1  
120 stone *-faú   1  
105 tail *úkú   1  
206 Ten word info *-ŋawulu   5  
178 that *yeena this 1  
178 that *mʷuu that 11  
178 that *mʷuu-n[ae] that 11  
178 that *kka-mʷuu-n[ae] those (near person addressed) 11  
62 thatch/roof *yaTo   1  
187 they *re-   1, 70  
187 they *ra-   1, 70  
187 they *ira   1, 70  
157 thick word info *kúú      
156 thin word info *ma-nifi   1  
156 thin word info ma-nifinifi   1  
177 this *yee   1, 18  
177 this *yeena   1, 33  
183 thou *ko-   1  
183 thou *koe   1  
183 thou *keen[ae] you (sg. personal noun) 6  
199 Three word info *telú   1  
199 Three word info *telú-yike   1  
134 thunder *parra ? 15, 16  
41 to bite *kkú   9  
41 to bite kúkkú   9, 74  
41 to bite kú-tú   9  
41 to bite kútúkútú   9, 74  
137 to blow word info *paú   14  
137 to blow word info *paúpaú   14  
137 to blow word info *wuku   15  
28 to breathe *ŋaTa breathe 10  
28 to breathe ŋaTaŋaTa breathe 10  
144 to burn word info *kú[t0]ú (?) burn furiously with leaping flames 10  
144 to burn word info kú[t0]ú-ri (?) burn furiously with leaping flames 10  
91 to buy      
38 to chew word info *lúú to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *lúúlúú to chew 59  
38 to chew word info *lúúlúú-(wa) to chew 59  
38 to chew word info *ŋúŋŋú to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *ŋú-di- to chew 11  
38 to chew word info *ŋú-da- to chew 11  
85 to choose *fini   1  
85 to choose *ffini   1  
172 to climb word info *daú go on all fours, crawl 8  
172 to climb word info *daú-ki climb 8  
7 to come *luu come/go/pass by    
7 to come *pʷer[ae] go/come through/pass 10  
39 to cook word info *mado (?) cooked. 19, 82  
39 to cook word info *maddo   19, 82  
39 to cook word info *maud[ao]   19, 82  
39 to cook word info *pʷuka-a boiled 12  
196 to count *alle count/enumerate 12  
196 to count *wade to count 10  
196 to count *paapaa   11  
196 to count *paa-ŋi   11  
34 to cry *taŋi   1  
34 to cry *taŋitaŋi   1  
34 to cry *tangi-di-   1  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafa   18  
78 to cut, hack word info *tafatafa   18  
75 to die, be dead *mate *pee (?) 1  
75 to die, be dead *pee   4  
90 to dig *keli   1  
90 to dig *keli-ŋi-   1  
90 to dig *dowu   8  
50 to dream *ddana   9  
40 to drink *únú   1  
40 to drink *únú-mi   1  
40 to drink *únú-ma   1  
37 to eat *mʷaŋaú   8  
37 to eat *kaŋi   1  
95 to fall word info *mʷoro to fall 16  
22 to fear *ma-takú   1  
123 to flow *pʷuyu flow, go, move 11  
101 to fly *yali to fly 13  
86 to grow word info *fakola grow/be reared 8  
44 to hear roŋo   1  
44 to hear roŋoroŋo   1  
171 to hide word info *yop[eo] to hide, be hidden 5  
72 to hit word info *duku   8, 63  
72 to hit word info *dduku   8, 63  
72 to hit word info *duku-u   8, 63  
89 to hold word info *faro hold tightly    
89 to hold word info *faro-ki- hold tightly    
89 to hold word info *mʷacú be held/caught/to hold/grip 16  
89 to hold word info *(ka)-mʷacú-(ú) be held/caught/to hold/grip 16  
69 to hunt word info      
74 to kill *nii strike 11  
74 to kill *nnii kill 11  
74 to kill *niinii   11  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kila-i   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula-a   18  
20 to know, be knowledgeable *kula-i   18  
33 to laugh *fata to laugh 10  
33 to laugh *ffata to laugh 10  
33 to laugh *kka[t0]i to laugh (?) 11  
49 to lie down word info *wono   1  
76 to live, be alive *maúrú   1, 76  
76 to live, be alive *ma-nawa   7  
92 to open, uncover *wea   12  
84 to plant *fado   6  
84 to plant *fafado   6  
84 to plant *fado-ki   6  
84 to plant *fado-ka   6  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷpʷoo   3  
93 to pound, beat word info *pʷpʷau   3  
93 to pound, beat word info *tuki   20, 2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tukituki   20, 2  
64 to say *terú to say 14  
77 to scratch word info *kkaadú   11  
77 to scratch word info *karikari   12  
46 to see *weri- to see 10  
67 to sew word info *daidai   2  
67 to sew word info *dai-ti   2  
67 to sew word info *di-      
67 to sew word info *di-ki      
67 to sew word info *di-kaki      
70 to shoot word info      
51 to sit *maado   18, 101  
51 to sit *maddo   18, 101  
48 to sleep *matúrú   1  
48 to sleep *mʷmʷe   10  
29 to sniff, smell *daŋú   11  
36 to spit *kaddifa to spit 19, 55  
36 to spit *ma-dipi to spit out from mouth 19, 53  
36 to spit *ma-ddipi to spit out from mouth 19, 53  
80 to split word info *dila chop lengthwise 29  
80 to split word info *dila-ŋi- split 29  
88 to squeeze word info *fia squeeze 15  
88 to squeeze word info fiya-ŋi- squeeze 15  
71 to stab, pierce *doka   67  
71 to stab, pierce *dowu   13  
52 to stand *túú   2  
73 to steal *mʷacoko to steal 9  
73 to steal *pirafa   8  
42 to suck *dúdú   25  
87 to swell word info *wupʷa to swell    
9 to swim *yafe   7  
21 to think *maŋi think 11  
21 to think maŋimaŋi ponder 11  
21 to think *aki-   12  
21 to think *akiaki   12  
21 to think *aki-i-   12  
94 to throw word info *kace   14  
94 to throw word info *kace-ti-   14  
66 to tie up, fasten *faúfaú   11  
66 to tie up, fasten *faú-di-   11  
8 to turn word info *tape   14  
35 to vomit *mʷmʷuta   1  
35 to vomit mʷmʷuta-aki-ni   1  
5 to walk *fadale   8  
83 to work word info      
47 to yawn *mmawa (?) 19  
47 to yawn *mawa (?) 19  
47 to yawn *maawo (?) 19  
32 tongue *lewe   17  
31 tooth *ŋii   30  
31 tooth *-ŋi   30  
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info *rúwa   1  
138 warm word info      
122 water word info *canú   1  
122 water word info *ccanú   1  
122 water word info *caccanú   1  
185 we word info *kica incl. 1, 42  
185 we word info *kayi excl. 43  
185 we word info *kami excl., 2  
141 wet *ccoki be wet 12  
188 what? word info *-daa   1, 52  
188 what? word info *(mee)-daa   1, 64  
170 when? word info *(i)-nai-da   1  
170 when? word info *(i)-ŋai-da   1  
181 where? word info *i-faa   3, 48  
181 where? word info *iaa   37  
148 white      
189 who? word info *yau   9  
189 who? word info -*t[ae]ú   9  
159 wide *caú-   9  
159 wide *caúki-Ti   9  
159 wide *cau-lapa   9, 48  
58 wife *pʷpʷúlú spouse 10  
58 wife *pʷúlú-wa- married 10  
136 wind *aŋi   1  
136 wind aŋiaŋi   1  
100 wing      
55 woman/female *cao-pʷuda woman 7  
55 woman/female *faifine   1, 47  
55 woman/female *liya-   6  
127 woods/forest *waalú   17  
127 woods/forest *walú-   17  
127 woods/forest *walúwalú   17  
107 worm (earthworm)      
169 year      
150 yellow *yaloyalo yellow 9  
186 you *kawú you (pl., as subj. marker) 1  
186 you *kaamii you (pl.) 1, 13  
186 you *-kamii you (pl.) 1, 13  

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