language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Central Amis

Source/Author:  R. Blust, Dorinda Liu 
Notes:  [o] and [u] are allophonic variations in Amis. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: R. Blust, Dorinda Liu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 353
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 1
 
Classification:  Austronesian:East Formosan:Central 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 38 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand kamay   28  
2 left kawili   1  
3 right kawanan   1  
4 leg/foot waqay   77  
4 leg/foot wa'ay   77  
5 to walk l-um-akat   40  
5 to walk r-um-akat -um AF marker 40  
6 road/path lalan   1  
7 to come tayni   34  
8 to turn word info ma-liwuŋ ma- AF marker 59  
9 to swim Languy   1  
9 to swim mi-Laŋuy mi- AF marker 1  
10 dirty ma-acek "disgusting"    
10 dirty ma-kaLit mi- AF marker 90  
11 dust taʔfod      
12 skin      
12 skin faŋes   26  
13 back word info kulur   69  
13 back word info koror   69  
14 belly ti(j)aL belly, abdomen 1  
14 belly      
15 bone ukak   19  
15 bone okak   19  
15 bone      
16 intestines tinaiq   1  
16 intestines tina(j)iʕ   1  
17 liver atay   1  
17 liver ʕatay   1  
18 breast faluhaŋ breast/chest 42  
18 breast falohaŋ breast/chest 42  
18 breast cucu breast of woman/udder/teat 1  
19 shoulder afala   1  
19 shoulder ʔafala   1  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ma-fanaq know, understand 2  
20 to know, be knowledgeable ma-fanaʔ   2  
21 to think      
21 to think mi-harateŋ   56  
22 to fear ma-talaw afraid, cowardly 34  
23 blood remes   44  
24 head tangar   37  
24 head fuŋoh   2  
25 neck liqer   1  
25 neck liʕer   1  
26 hair word info fukes   1  
27 nose ngusuq nose, snout 27  
27 nose ŋosoʕ   27  
28 to breathe saslaʕan      
29 to sniff, smell sanek   1  
29 to sniff, smell hanek   1  
30 mouth nguyus   65  
30 mouth ŋoyos   65  
31 tooth waLis tusk of a boar 2  
32 tongue sema   1  
33 to laugh mi-ceriq      
33 to laugh tawa   1  
33 to laugh ma-tawa ma- AF marker 1  
34 to cry      
34 to cry t<um>aŋic <um> AF marker 1  
35 to vomit m-utaq   1  
35 to vomit ma-utaʕ   1  
36 to spit ngalay saliva 3  
36 to spit mi-supa   19, 86  
37 to eat kaqen   1  
37 to eat k<um>aʔen   1  
38 to chew word info kemkem frequent 21  
38 to chew word info papap less frequent 17?  
39 to cook word info      
39 to cook word info mi-taŋtaŋ   72  
40 to drink helot      
40 to drink mi-nanum nanom = 'water' 19  
41 to bite mi-karat   1  
41 to bite mi-kalat to bite / to hurt somebody on purpose 1  
42 to suck cuhcuh   42  
43 ear      
43 ear taŋila   1  
44 to hear      
44 to hear mi-teŋir   46  
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see ma-araw to see 72  
46 to see ma-neŋneŋ to see/look at 73  
46 to see mi-neŋneŋ mi -AF marker 73  
46 to see mi-araw mi -AF marker 72  
47 to yawn ma-suwaf   19  
48 to sleep futiq   73  
48 to sleep ma-futiʕ   73  
49 to lie down word info tiqenang to lie supine    
49 to lie down word info tihmuk      
50 to dream ma-lemeL      
51 to sit maruq   89  
51 to sit aloʕ      
52 to stand t-um-ireng   50  
52 to stand t<um>ireŋ   50  
53 person/human being tamLaw      
54 man/male faqinayan   58  
54 man/male faʔinajan   58  
55 woman/female fafahian   1  
55 woman/female fafahijan   1  
56 child wawa   57  
57 husband faʔinay      
58 wife fafahi      
59 mother ina   1  
60 father mama   1  
61 house lumaq   1  
61 house lumaʕ   1  
62 thatch/roof falahung   34  
62 thatch/roof faLahoŋ   34  
63 name ŋaŋan   1  
64 to say cinglaw      
64 to say s-um-ual   122  
64 to say saan Aki said "..." = "..." saan Aki    
64 to say s<um>uwal "to speak (language)" 122  
65 rope keliw      
66 to tie up, fasten ma-suqut   34  
66 to tie up, fasten faluL-en to fasten (-en = PF marker)    
66 to tie up, fasten soʔot to tie up 34  
67 to sew word info mi-tapir "To patch, to mend"; Final [r] rather than [L]? -EG 58  
67 to sew word info mi-taʔis [Ct]aqiS to sew 52  
68 needle rinum   28  
68 needle linum   28  
69 to hunt word info mi-ʔaloʔ general term.    
69 to hunt word info mi-tilu with a trap    
70 to shoot word info panaʔ   1  
71 to stab, pierce i-cucuk   1  
71 to stab, pierce cucuk   1  
72 to hit word info palu   1  
72 to hit word info setiq   79  
72 to hit word info mi-palo hit with hand 1  
72 to hit word info mi-stiʔ hit with stick/club 79  
73 to steal takaw   1  
74 to kill tapaʔ      
75 to die, be dead patay   1  
76 to live, be alive maroʔ maroq: to sit; to live/be alive 53  
77 to scratch word info mi-kuskus   27  
77 to scratch word info kuskus   27  
78 to cut, hack word info cikcik irreg. Expected [t] for [c]. -EG 3?  
79 stick/wood sa-stiʔ wood/stick    
79 stick/wood kasuy firewood 1  
80 to split word info mi-pelaʔ to split something into two 69  
81 sharp ma-cilem sharp (of a point) 1  
81 sharp ma-talem sharp (of a blade) 1  
82 dull, blunt matales blunt of a blade    
83 to work word info tayal   64  
83 to work word info ma-tayal   64  
84 to plant paluma'   23  
85 to choose mi-simsim to choose ( a mate )    
86 to grow word info ma-leŋaw      
87 to swell word info ma-lifawa   26  
88 to squeeze word info mi-hatec   41  
89 to hold word info mamet      
90 to dig mi-karkar   18  
90 to dig kurkur   18  
91 to buy ma-ʕaca   41  
92 to open, uncover mi-cakay      
93 to pound, beat word info mi-talik      
94 to throw word info mi-falah   77  
94 to throw word info tekur to throw ( a stone )    
94 to throw word info falah throw away 77  
95 to fall word info ma-terak fall ( for fruit only)    
95 to fall word info ma-funor      
96 dog wacu   1  
97 bird tupi      
97 bird ayam   2  
98 egg fitaqul   50  
98 egg fitaʔol   50  
99 feather upih feather 57  
99 feather fanuh body hair/feathers 59  
100 wing sa-pikpik   33  
100 wing sa-pihpih   33  
101 to fly mafer   64  
102 rat kulafaw   1  
102 rat ʔedo L from Sazikaya? -EG 66?  
103 meat/flesh titi meat of an animal. < CiCi 64  
103 meat/flesh heci fruit and meat 1  
104 fat/grease simar   2  
105 tail wikor   1  
106 snake uner   56  
107 worm (earthworm) atikak   54  
107 worm (earthworm) ʔatikak   54  
108 louse word info kuto   1  
108 louse word info ʔatimla flea    
109 mosquito likes   2  
110 spider falalutoŋ   29  
111 fish      
111 fish futiŋ   29  
112 rotten word info ma-funar rotten into pieces    
112 rotten word info ma-funiʔ rotten/molder away    
113 branch word info caqang   40  
113 branch word info capaʔ branches for a tree 41  
113 branch word info cipaʔ branches for a river 41  
114 leaf papah   27  
115 root lamit   3  
115 root limit   3  
116 flower hana (< Japanese)   L
117 fruit No general term for fruit.    
118 grass rengus   65  
118 grass leŋos   65  
119 earth/soil serah   48  
119 earth/soil sutaʕ      
120 stone fakeluh   36  
120 stone fukeloh   36  
121 sand tafuk   3  
121 sand tafok   3  
122 water word info nanum   1  
123 to flow ma-katay      
124 sea riar   56  
124 sea liyar   56  
125 salt cirah   1  
125 salt cilah   1  
126 lake fanaw *banaw 33  
127 woods/forest lutuk      
128 sky kakarayan ka-...-an . -karay- and Squliq kayal are matathesized. 2  
128 sky kakalayan   2  
129 moon fulaL   1  
130 star fuqis   49  
130 star fuʕis   49  
131 cloud word info LuLem   2  
131 cloud word info kaLit general term for cloud    
131 cloud word info tuʔem metathesis? -EG 78?  
132 fog takulah (small)    
132 fog qopqopaj (big)    
133 rain olad   1?  
134 thunder      
134 thunder kakeleŋ   69  
135 lightning kalapiat   62  
135 lightning kalapi(j)at   62  
136 wind fari   2  
136 wind fali   2  
136 wind feli   2  
137 to blow word info mi-iuf   1  
137 to blow word info jof   1  
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info siqenaw   85  
139 cold word info siʔ(e)naw   85  
140 dry word info ma-icaŋ   33  
141 wet ma-cipaʕ   78  
142 heavy      
142 heavy karteŋ   52  
143 fire namar EG check these. 14  
143 fire lamar   14  
144 to burn word info tofdoh      
145 smoke word info ʔacifer irreg. final C -EG 1  
146 ash lafuh   1?  
146 ash ʕafo   1  
147 black kuheting-ay   63  
147 black kuh(e)tiŋ   63  
148 white fuhecel-ay   37  
148 white kuh(e)cal   79  
149 red kahengang-ay   77  
149 red kah(e)ŋaŋ   77  
150 yellow kurilaw-ay      
150 yellow kalyalyaway      
151 green kangraw-ay   22  
151 green kaŋdaw green/blue 22  
152 small kiqkiq   1?  
152 small mimiŋ   87  
152 small kiʔkiʔ   1?  
153 big angay   70  
153 big tataqang   70  
153 big tataʔak   71  
153 big tataʔaŋ   70  
154 short word info kamukuʕ      
155 long word info ma-mutuq   1?  
155 long word info kakayaʔ      
156 thin word info kuhpicay ...-pis-ay 1  
157 thick word info kiftol   52  
158 narrow ma-ʔecu   54  
159 wide kakahaL   52  
160 painful, sick aLaLa   79  
161 shy, ashamed ma-nguLu shy, embarrassed 47  
161 shy, ashamed ma-ŋuLo   47  
162 old word info ma-tuqas   1  
162 old word info katelan old (things)    
162 old word info ma-tuʔas old (men) 1  
163 new faqluh   1  
163 new faluhay new (things) 1  
163 new kapah new (men)    
164 good ma-fancal   89  
164 good fancal good/beautiful/fine (general term for positive property) 89  
165 bad, evil tatiʔih bad/ugly/evil (general term for negative property) 68  
166 correct, true ma-tama      
167 night taLaya      
168 day rumiad   43  
169 year mihca   60  
170 when? word info hakua   18  
170 when? word info hacu(w)a   18  
171 to hide word info simeL      
172 to climb word info ma-caka climb upward    
172 to climb word info mi-kali climb up a tree    
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside lalumaq   18  
174 in, inside i   4?  
175 above fafukaŋ (n.)    
176 below laʔnu (n.) 67  
177 this kuna      
177 this k-uni k - nominative case marker 1?  
178 that k-una visible 1?  
178 that k-ura invisible 24  
179 near nataʔ   82  
180 far ma-laʔay   22  
181 where? word info i-cua *i-sua 23  
181 where? word info icu(w)a *i-sua 23  
182 I aku   1  
182 I k-ako   1  
183 thou k-isu   1  
184 he/she      
184 he/she c-iŋra   1?  
185 we word info kita we (incl) 1  
185 we word info k-ita   1  
185 we word info kami we (excl) 2  
186 you isu you (sg.)    
186 you k-amu   1  
186 you amu you (pl.) 1  
187 they angra   43  
187 they c-aŋra   43  
188 what? word info umaqan   40  
188 what? word info umaʔan   40  
189 who? word info c-ima   2  
190 other u lumaʔ a tamdaw "other people" 1?  
191 all ma-puluq      
191 all ma-puloŋ      
191 all maʔmiŋ   1  
192 and a   21  
193 if anu   2  
193 if ano   2  
194 how? word info samaqanen   36  
194 how? word info samaʔanen   36  
195 no, not caqay   20  
195 no, not naʔaj      
195 no, not caʔaj   20  
195 no, not awa      
196 to count mi-saʔosi   59  
197 One word info cecai   1  
197 One word info ccaj   1  
197 One word info cecaj   1  
198 Two word info tusa   1  
199 Three word info tulu   1  
200 Four word info sepat   1  
200 Four word info s(e)pat   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
201 Five word info   1  
202 Six word info 'enem   1  
202 Six word info qenem   1  
203 Seven word info pitu from Laurent Sagart 1  
203 Seven word info pito   1  
204 Eight word info falu from Laurent Sagart; Expected initial [w] -EG 3  
204 Eight word info falo Expected initial [w] -EG 3  
205 Nine word info siwa from Laurent Sagart 5  
205 Nine word info      
206 Ten word info polo from Laurent Sagart 5  
206 Ten word info polô   5  
206 Ten word info tosa a polô   5  
207 Twenty word info lima a polô   6  
208 Fifty word info cecay lîan      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info cacay patek      

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