abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Bughotu

Source/Author:  Blust 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Bughotu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
63 name      
68 needle      
204 Eight word info      
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
210 One Thousand word info      
1 hand lima [ña]   1  
2 left toi [ña] cognate only in two lists from Bughotu 45  
3 right madotho[ña]   9  
4 leg/foot n|ae[ña] irregular initial n- 1  
5 to walk vano "go" 2  
5 to walk taveti only found in two Bughotu lists 12  
6 road/path hatha utu   1  
6 road/path haŋana only found in Bughotu 23  
7 to come mai   1  
8 to turn word info goro      
8 to turn word info bafa      
8 to turn word info pi|liu   2  
9 to swim otho   74  
10 dirty garu      
11 dust mau|m|avu [ña]      
12 skin guiguli[ña] irregular *k > g 1  
13 back word info poguru   98  
14 belly kutu [ña]   14  
15 bone huli [ña]   52  
16 intestines kutu loolopo   43, 61  
17 liver ate [ña]   1  
18 breast susuu [ña]   1  
19 shoulder thego [ña]      
19 shoulder alo [ña]   94  
20 to know, be knowledgeable thaothadoga      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ado   101  
21 to think toga   38?  
21 to think gana   14  
22 to fear matagu   1  
23 blood gaugabua[ña]   5  
24 head ulu [ña]   1  
25 neck lua[ña]   18  
26 hair word info vulu [ña]   31  
27 nose ihu [ña]   1  
28 to breathe atheathe   16  
29 to sniff, smell higini   12  
29 to sniff, smell guba      
30 mouth livo[ña] < POc *lipon 'tooth' 54  
32 tongue thapi[ña]   21  
33 to laugh kia   14  
34 to cry taŋi   1  
35 to vomit lua   8  
36 to spit aŋusu   14, 83  
37 to eat vaŋa   1, 53  
37 to eat gani   1  
38 to chew word info ŋguuŋgumu      
39 to cook word info duee      
40 to drink kou irregular loss of *k 30  
41 to bite ñou      
41 to bite ñami      
41 to bite ñapi      
41 to bite gathati   1  
42 to suck suuvi POC *sosop = intransitive, *sopi = Transitive. /suuvi/ < * sopi 1, 82  
42 to suck ŋaŋata      
43 ear iru[ña]      
43 ear kuli[ña]   6  
44 to hear rooroŋo   1  
45 eye mata[ña]   1  
46 to see regi-a   13  
47 to yawn maomaova irregular retention of POc word-final *p with addition of final vowel; possible NWSols loan 19  
48 to sleep eŋgo      
49 to lie down word info eŋgo      
50 to dream maturiŋita   11, 12  
51 to sit sopou   19  
52 to stand tuu   2  
53 person/human being tinoni   10  
54 man/male mane   1  
55 woman/female vaivine[ña]   1, 47  
56 child dathe[ña]   28  
57 husband tau[ña]   18  
58 wife tau[ña]   12  
59 mother tina[ña]   1  
60 father tama[ña]   1  
61 house teŋguru      
61 house vathe[ña]   14  
62 thatch/roof poguru      
62 thatch/roof ato   1  
64 to say a      
64 to say vele   81  
64 to say hagore      
65 rope [g]atho   2  
65 rope piru   50  
66 to tie up, fasten tari   33  
66 to tie up, fasten sira      
67 to sew word info pama      
69 to hunt word info paji      
70 to shoot word info vuhu   28  
71 to stab, pierce suki   1, 8  
71 to stab, pierce suba      
72 to hit word info puipusi      
74 to kill va-thehe      
76 to live, be alive havi   43  
77 to scratch word info ŋgaŋ|garu   44  
78 to cut, hack word info utuhi   54  
78 to cut, hack word info miumisu      
78 to cut, hack word info kajari      
79 stick/wood gai   1  
80 to split word info pahala      
81 sharp vaavaŋa   14, 20  
82 dull, blunt ŋutu   32  
83 to work word info tango      
84 to plant jou      
85 to choose vili   1  
86 to grow word info bulou   10  
86 to grow word info kotu      
86 to grow word info biobiroro   16  
87 to swell word info vora      
88 to squeeze word info poji   18  
89 to hold word info gani      
90 to dig geli   1  
91 to buy voli   1  
92 to open, uncover haŋa-vi   40  
92 to open, uncover horupe      
93 to pound, beat word info tupi      
94 to throw word info soni   50  
95 to fall word info hotu   17  
95 to fall word info kutu   17  
96 dog iu   46  
96 dog aku   44  
97 bird babaa      
98 egg kidoru[ña]   1, 96  
99 feather sesehu[ña]      
99 feather vulu[ña]   1  
100 wing lima[ña]      
100 wing alo[ña]      
101 to fly thovo   1  
102 rat kuhi   3, 64  
103 meat/flesh vinahi[ña]   17  
104 fat/grease ragova   17  
105 tail iuigu[ña]   1  
106 snake umata   12  
106 snake poli   44  
107 worm (earthworm) keju   31  
108 louse word info gutu   1  
109 mosquito ñamu   1  
110 spider ŋgofe      
110 spider kaekavere   44  
111 fish iga   1  
112 rotten word info sebe      
113 branch word info otooto[ña]   5  
114 leaf elo[ña]   11  
115 root oga[ña] (cp.#47) +wa>0 2  
116 flower ruŋgu   30  
117 fruit sagaro[ña]   21  
117 fruit gano[ña]      
118 grass buuburu N 19  
118 grass ŋguŋguru N 6  
119 earth/soil tano   1  
121 sand nahiga   57  
122 water word info bea   39  
123 to flow sosolagi      
124 sea tahi   1  
125 salt tahi   20  
126 lake kolo   11  
127 woods/forest hothoho      
127 woods/forest jao      
128 sky maaloa   37  
129 moon vula[ña]   1  
130 star veitugu[ña]   1, 50  
131 cloud word info parako   74  
132 fog dara      
133 rain uha   1  
134 thunder kukuro   2, 63  
134 thunder rete   54  
134 thunder ŋgumu   55  
135 lightning oŋa   43  
136 wind guri   12  
137 to blow word info tavuge      
137 to blow word info ifu with irregular metathesis of vowels 5  
137 to blow word info sune      
138 warm word info guguvu   65  
139 cold word info gaula   61  
140 dry word info dadaga   46  
141 wet gnubu to be wet 68  
142 heavy bohe   70  
143 fire joto   39  
144 to burn word info siriki      
144 to burn word info juru   70  
145 smoke word info ahu[ña]   2  
146 ash pa|rafu   67  
147 black joŋo   53  
148 white pura   3  
149 red mela   1  
149 red metha   1  
150 yellow ŋoŋone      
150 yellow aŋoaŋo   9  
151 green ñaeñale      
151 green ñaumu      
152 small iso   53  
153 big hutu   52  
153 big kama      
154 short word info kudo   62  
155 long word info teve   68  
156 thin word info manivi   1  
158 narrow kapisa irregular *a > o 1  
159 wide aba      
159 wide tavotha      
160 painful, sick vahagi irregular *m > v 1, 67  
161 shy, ashamed giagina      
161 shy, ashamed maomamo      
162 old word info haulagi      
162 old word info tuali   48  
164 good toke   75  
165 bad, evil dika   14  
165 bad, evil soŋge      
166 correct, true tutuni   37  
167 night boŋi   1  
168 day magavu[ña]      
169 year vinoga   49  
170 when? word info iŋiha irregular initial vowel 1  
171 to hide word info polo      
172 to climb word info raba   37  
172 to climb word info habira      
173 at i   1  
174 in, inside suŋga      
174 in, inside kora[ña]   24, 17  
175 above popo   2  
176 below sara   10  
177 this ani   1  
178 that are      
178 that ŋeni   1  
179 near laubano      
179 near hiliga[ña]   76  
179 near garani   1, 75  
180 far hau   1  
181 where? word info ivei   3  
182 I i-nau   1, 22  
183 thou i-goe   1  
184 he/she ina   1, 6  
184 he/she nea   1, 6  
184 he/she ia   1  
185 we word info i-gita   1  
185 we word info i-gami   2  
186 you i-gamu   1  
187 they [ima]ira   1, 70  
187 they [ra]ira   1, 70  
188 what? word info hava   1  
189 who? word info hai   1  
190 other tavoga      
191 all udolu   15  
191 all hihovu      
192 and ma   2  
192 and me   2  
193 if da      
193 if nggi      
194 how? word info vagana na hava      
195 no, not teo   79  
196 to count iju   46  
197 One word info tafi      
198 Two word info rua   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
200 Four word info vati   1, 65  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info vitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
205 Nine word info hia   5  
206 Ten word info hangavulu   5  
209 One Hundred word info hathangatu irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
5 to walk aʔaso cf. Hoava and Kusaghe forms 125 l
17 liver kola[ña] this looks like a loan from NWSolomonic languages 8 L
31 tooth kei [ña] looks to be a loan from NWSols, where a similar form is found in Santa Isabel languages 9 L
59 mother ido[ña] looks like a loan from Isabel languages 19 L
73 to steal bilau looks to be a loan from Santa Isabel languages 1, 11 L
75 to die, be dead thehe looks to be loan from Santa Isabel languages 5 L
118 grass sesehu[ña] N; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 17 L
120 stone gahira likely loan from Santa Isabel language 18 L
142 heavy tahu probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 15 L
157 thick word info tuta probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 16 L
163 new mathaŋani probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 29 L

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