abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Bughotu

Source/Author:  Blust 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Penny Keenan  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Gela-Guadalcanal:Bughotu 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
175 above popo   2  
191 all udolu   15  
191 all hihovu      
192 and ma   2  
192 and me   2  
146 ash pa|rafu   67  
173 at i   1  
13 back word info poguru   98  
165 bad, evil dika   14  
165 bad, evil soŋge      
14 belly kutu [ña]   14  
176 below sara   10  
153 big hutu   52  
153 big kama      
97 bird babaa      
147 black joŋo   53  
23 blood gaugabua[ña]   5  
15 bone huli [ña]   52  
113 branch word info otooto[ña]   5  
18 breast susuu [ña]   1  
56 child dathe[ña]   28  
131 cloud word info parako   74  
139 cold word info gaula   61  
166 correct, true tutuni   37  
168 day magavu[ña]      
10 dirty garu      
96 dog iu   46  
96 dog aku   44  
140 dry word info dadaga   46  
82 dull, blunt ŋutu   32  
11 dust mau|m|avu [ña]      
43 ear iru[ña]      
43 ear kuli[ña]   6  
119 earth/soil tano   1  
98 egg kidoru[ña]   1, 96  
204 Eight word info      
45 eye mata[ña]   1  
180 far hau   1  
104 fat/grease ragova   17  
60 father tama[ña]   1  
99 feather sesehu[ña]      
99 feather vulu[ña]   1  
208 Fifty word info      
143 fire joto   39  
111 fish iga   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
116 flower ruŋgu   30  
132 fog dara      
200 Four word info vati   1, 65  
117 fruit sagaro[ña]   21  
117 fruit gano[ña]      
164 good toke   75  
118 grass sesehu[ña] N; probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 17 L
118 grass buuburu N 19  
118 grass ŋguŋguru N 6  
151 green ñaeñale      
151 green ñaumu      
26 hair word info vulu [ña]   31  
1 hand lima [ña]   1  
184 he/she ina   1, 6  
184 he/she nea   1, 6  
184 he/she ia   1  
24 head ulu [ña]   1  
142 heavy bohe   70  
142 heavy tahu probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 15 L
61 house teŋguru      
61 house vathe[ña]   14  
194 how? word info vagana na hava      
57 husband tau[ña]   18  
182 I i-nau   1, 22  
193 if da      
193 if nggi      
174 in, inside suŋga      
174 in, inside kora[ña]   24, 17  
16 intestines kutu loolopo   43, 61  
126 lake kolo   11  
114 leaf elo[ña]   11  
2 left toi [ña] cognate only in two lists from Bughotu 45  
4 leg/foot n|ae[ña] irregular initial n- 1  
135 lightning oŋa   43  
17 liver ate [ña]   1  
17 liver kola[ña] this looks like a loan from NWSolomonic languages 8 L
155 long word info teve   68  
108 louse word info gutu   1  
54 man/male mane   1  
103 meat/flesh vinahi[ña]   17  
129 moon vula[ña]   1  
109 mosquito ñamu   1  
59 mother ido[ña] looks like a loan from Isabel languages 19 L
59 mother tina[ña]   1  
30 mouth livo[ña] < POc *lipon 'tooth' 54  
63 name      
158 narrow kapisa irregular *a > o 1  
179 near laubano      
179 near hiliga[ña]   76  
179 near garani   1, 75  
25 neck lua[ña]   18  
68 needle      
163 new mathaŋani probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 29 L
167 night boŋi   1  
205 Nine word info hia   5  
195 no, not teo   79  
27 nose ihu [ña]   1  
162 old word info haulagi      
162 old word info tuali   48  
197 One word info tafi      
209 One Hundred word info hathangatu irregular loss of *R 4, 38  
210 One Thousand word info      
190 other tavoga      
160 painful, sick vahagi irregular *m > v 1, 67  
53 person/human being tinoni   10  
133 rain uha   1  
102 rat kuhi   3, 64  
149 red mela   1  
149 red metha   1  
3 right madotho[ña]   9  
6 road/path hatha utu   1  
6 road/path haŋana only found in Bughotu 23  
115 root oga[ña] (cp.#47) +wa>0 2  
65 rope [g]atho   2  
65 rope piru   50  
112 rotten word info sebe      
125 salt tahi   20  
121 sand nahiga   57  
124 sea tahi   1  
203 Seven word info vitu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
81 sharp vaavaŋa   14, 20  
154 short word info kudo   62  
19 shoulder thego [ña]      
19 shoulder alo [ña]   94  
161 shy, ashamed giagina      
161 shy, ashamed maomamo      
202 Six word info ono   1  
12 skin guiguli[ña] irregular *k > g 1  
128 sky maaloa   37  
152 small iso   53  
145 smoke word info ahu[ña]   2  
106 snake umata   12  
106 snake poli   44  
110 spider ŋgofe      
110 spider kaekavere   44  
130 star veitugu[ña]   1, 50  
79 stick/wood gai   1  
120 stone gahira likely loan from Santa Isabel language 18 L
105 tail iuigu[ña]   1  
206 Ten word info hangavulu   5  
178 that are      
178 that ŋeni   1  
62 thatch/roof poguru      
62 thatch/roof ato   1  
187 they [ima]ira   1, 70  
187 they [ra]ira   1, 70  
157 thick word info tuta probably a loan from Santa Isabel languages 16 L
156 thin word info manivi   1  
177 this ani   1  
183 thou i-goe   1  
199 Three word info tolu   1  
134 thunder kukuro   2, 63  
134 thunder rete   54  
134 thunder ŋgumu   55  
41 to bite ñou      
41 to bite ñami      
41 to bite ñapi      
41 to bite gathati   1  
137 to blow word info tavuge      
137 to blow word info ifu with irregular metathesis of vowels 5  
137 to blow word info sune      
28 to breathe atheathe   16  
144 to burn word info siriki      
144 to burn word info juru   70  
91 to buy voli   1  
38 to chew word info ŋguuŋgumu      
85 to choose vili   1  
172 to climb word info raba   37  
172 to climb word info habira      
7 to come mai   1  
39 to cook word info duee      
196 to count iju   46  
34 to cry taŋi   1  
78 to cut, hack word info utuhi   54  
78 to cut, hack word info miumisu      
78 to cut, hack word info kajari      
75 to die, be dead thehe looks to be loan from Santa Isabel languages 5 L
90 to dig geli   1  
50 to dream maturiŋita   11, 12  
40 to drink kou irregular loss of *k 30  
37 to eat vaŋa   1, 53  
37 to eat gani   1  
95 to fall word info hotu   17  
95 to fall word info kutu   17  
22 to fear matagu   1  
123 to flow sosolagi      
101 to fly thovo   1  
86 to grow word info bulou   10  
86 to grow word info kotu      
86 to grow word info biobiroro   16  
44 to hear rooroŋo   1  
171 to hide word info polo      
72 to hit word info puipusi      
89 to hold word info gani      
69 to hunt word info paji      
74 to kill va-thehe      
20 to know, be knowledgeable thaothadoga      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ado   101  
33 to laugh kia   14  
49 to lie down word info eŋgo      
76 to live, be alive havi   43  
92 to open, uncover haŋa-vi   40  
92 to open, uncover horupe      
84 to plant jou      
93 to pound, beat word info tupi      
64 to say a      
64 to say vele   81  
64 to say hagore      
77 to scratch word info ŋgaŋ|garu   44  
46 to see regi-a   13  
67 to sew word info pama      
70 to shoot word info vuhu   28  
51 to sit sopou   19  
48 to sleep eŋgo      
29 to sniff, smell higini   12  
29 to sniff, smell guba      
36 to spit aŋusu   14, 83  
80 to split word info pahala      
88 to squeeze word info poji   18  
71 to stab, pierce suki   1, 8  
71 to stab, pierce suba      
52 to stand tuu   2  
73 to steal bilau looks to be a loan from Santa Isabel languages 1, 11 L
42 to suck suuvi POC *sosop = intransitive, *sopi = Transitive. /suuvi/ < * sopi 1, 82  
42 to suck ŋaŋata      
87 to swell word info vora      
9 to swim otho   74  
21 to think toga   38?  
21 to think gana   14  
94 to throw word info soni   50  
66 to tie up, fasten tari   33  
66 to tie up, fasten sira      
8 to turn word info goro      
8 to turn word info bafa      
8 to turn word info pi|liu   2  
35 to vomit lua   8  
5 to walk vano "go" 2  
5 to walk taveti only found in two Bughotu lists 12  
5 to walk aʔaso cf. Hoava and Kusaghe forms 125 l
83 to work word info tango      
47 to yawn maomaova irregular retention of POc word-final *p with addition of final vowel; possible NWSols loan 19  
32 tongue thapi[ña]   21  
31 tooth kei [ña] looks to be a loan from NWSols, where a similar form is found in Santa Isabel languages 9 L
207 Twenty word info      
198 Two word info rua   1  
138 warm word info guguvu   65  
122 water word info bea   39  
185 we word info i-gita   1  
185 we word info i-gami   2  
141 wet gnubu to be wet 68  
188 what? word info hava   1  
170 when? word info iŋiha irregular initial vowel 1  
181 where? word info ivei   3  
148 white pura   3  
189 who? word info hai   1  
159 wide aba      
159 wide tavotha      
58 wife tau[ña]   12  
136 wind guri   12  
100 wing lima[ña]      
100 wing alo[ña]      
55 woman/female vaivine[ña]   1, 47  
127 woods/forest hothoho      
127 woods/forest jao      
107 worm (earthworm) keju   31  
169 year vinoga   49  
150 yellow ŋoŋone      
150 yellow aŋoaŋo   9  
186 you i-gamu   1  

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