language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Orkon

Source/Author:  Crowley, Lynch, Early - notes 
Notes:  A moribund language of West Ambrym, Vanuatu, now spoken by almost no active speakers, maybe 40 or so have a passive knowledge of it. 
Problems:  In some cases in our notes, there is some dispute as to whether a vowel is e or open e, or again o or open o. No final phonemic analysis of the vowels has been done, due to inadequate data. We believe that possibly the sole fluent speaker (who we worked with briefly) has since died. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: John Lynch  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Vanuatu:(G):Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands:(B):Central Vanuatu 
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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand vela-   16  
2 left mʷil   1  
3 right mæru   5  
4 leg/foot ye-   1?  
5 to walk tele   104  
6 road/path silil   1?  
7 to come me   1  
8 to turn word info kelai   25?  
9 to swim lolō   8?  
10 dirty soksok possibly means 'rubbish' 36?  
11 dust bulumolɔɔ   20  
12 skin leŋe-   76  
13 back word info pʷiri   52?  
14 belly toa-      
15 bone pal|si   2?  
16 intestines tine-   1  
17 liver linar      
18 breast   1  
19 shoulder pʷelespʷe   38?  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kil|pʷele   18  
21 to think notnor      
22 to fear mɨro   1  
23 blood ra   1  
24 head pare-   9  
25 neck ewundo-      
26 hair word info vɨlo-   31  
27 nose koso-   1  
28 to breathe taboŋo      
29 to sniff, smell pon|əse   42  
30 mouth boŋo-   41  
31 tooth luo-   1  
32 tongue mia-   7  
33 to laugh mæn   51  
34 to cry raŋ   1  
35 to vomit lo   8  
36 to spit kup   42  
37 to eat yɛn   1  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink min   1  
41 to bite ari   1  
42 to suck pa|sum   21  
43 ear releŋa-   1  
44 to hear loŋone   1  
45 eye mera-   1  
46 to see kulkulo      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep fʷier   44  
49 to lie down word info liŋ kareno   25, 1?  
50 to dream      
51 to sit tofan      
52 to stand sop      
53 person/human being namʷe      
54 man/male entɛn also person, husband    
55 woman/female vɛn   1, 41  
56 child lolpuŋpoŋ   31  
57 husband entɛn also man, person    
58 wife      
59 mother laha- reference    
59 mother nina address 1, 5  
60 father tema- reference 1  
60 father tita address 23  
61 house ɛm   1  
62 thatch/roof      
63 name isa-   1, 66  
64 to say war   30  
65 rope awa   25?  
66 to tie up, fasten fari   35  
67 to sew word info sene      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info mɨtlo      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce tili   35?  
72 to hit word info lupu   48  
73 to steal      
74 to kill lupu   42?  
74 to kill to|pini   1  
75 to die, be dead mier   1  
76 to live, be alive mɨl   1  
77 to scratch word info kelkele   1  
78 to cut, hack word info t   1?  
79 stick/wood ririli-ye   1  
80 to split word info lel      
81 sharp ken   14  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info ɣ      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info mokolo      
88 to squeeze word info usi   18  
89 to hold word info rokoni   49  
90 to dig kil   1  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info topne      
95 to fall word info mur   57  
96 dog kuli   7  
97 bird pael      
98 egg rili|ri   1  
99 feather velo-   1  
100 wing apau-   1  
101 to fly ka   14  
102 rat tɔmɔ      
103 meat/flesh isi   10?  
104 fat/grease kulori   42?  
105 tail kile- animal 1  
105 tail punse- bird 30  
106 snake tiltiel   13  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info ur   1  
109 mosquito paŋken      
110 spider ramo|lo spiderweb 1  
111 fish malo   52  
112 rotten word info po   52  
113 branch word info      
114 leaf lo|ko   1  
115 root lipʷi   18  
116 flower wuŋo-   1  
117 fruit we-   1  
118 grass lopʷer|mune   31  
119 earth/soil tan   1  
120 stone vior   1  
121 sand pelo|en   1  
122 water word info we   2  
123 to flow mokɨr      
124 sea tie   1?  
125 salt tie = sea 20?  
126 lake we|male may be proper noun 9  
127 woods/forest pupuor      
127 woods/forest pʷirior      
128 sky toŋtoŋ      
129 moon apari   29  
130 star mɨso   13  
131 cloud word info (si)lolō      
132 fog mōp   32  
133 rain ō      
134 thunder palta      
135 lightning pel   26  
136 wind leŋ   1  
137 to blow word info u   1  
138 warm word info fenfaŋ   50  
139 cold word info mel   51?  
140 dry word info toŋtoŋ      
140 dry word info mem   11  
141 wet sipsiep      
142 heavy map   1  
143 fire fæŋ   21  
144 to burn word info yɛn   40  
144 to burn word info mʷane      
145 smoke word info yo   2?  
146 ash mai      
147 black mirmir   1  
148 white mɨ-fɨfɨ   1?  
149 red filfili   18  
150 yellow yiŋyæŋ   9  
151 green mɨlmɨl   13  
152 small kekeli   2  
153 big topo      
154 short word info mʷermʷer   32  
155 long word info pɨlɔɔp   16  
156 thin word info minip   1  
157 thick word info mirel   3  
158 narrow sele|walkier ? (sele = path?) 22  
159 wide      
160 painful, sick mise   1  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info mæro   1  
163 new yiye      
164 good we   1  
165 bad, evil sakape   1?  
166 correct, true meor correct    
166 correct, true enko true/real    
167 night lon|bumalɛk   43  
168 day liyal      
169 year rom = yam 43  
170 when? word info naŋe   1  
170 when? word info pilikope      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside lo   1  
175 above      
176 below      
177 this kole      
178 that kola      
179 near felte   42?  
180 far soren   1  
181 where? word info pe   3, 35  
182 I no   1  
183 thou nak   1  
184 he/she ŋe   1  
185 we word info er   1  
185 we word info ɣɲmɲm   2  
186 you ɣimim   1  
187 they yel   1  
188 what? word info sowe   1  
189 who? word info si   1  
190 other kotine      
191 all sela   49  
192 and ro   30?  
193 if ɣile      
194 how? word info min mane sowe      
195 no, not mʷiraŋa      
196 to count fulfuluk   13  
197 One word info (h)ol      
198 Two word info   1  
199 Three word info siel   1  
200 Four word info yar   1  
201 Five word info lim   1  
202 Six word info melep sie      
203 Seven word info melep lɔ      
204 Eight word info melep siel   7  
205 Nine word info melep yar      
206 Ten word info seŋail   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info vele = village    
210 One Thousand word info      

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