language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Kahua

Source/Author:  Tryon & Hackman (1983) 
Notes:  Tryon, D.T. & Hackman, B. (1983) Solomon Islands languages: an internal classification. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Michael Dunn  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Southeast Solomonic:Malaita-San Cristobal:San Cristobal 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand ruma-ku arm; irregular shift from *i > u 1  
2 left maha left 57  
3 right oto right 42  
4 leg/foot œɣa-ku leg; irregular *q >ɣ 1  
5 to walk hatare walk    
5 to walk vato go down 33  
5 to walk go 1  
5 to walk hane go up; irregular *o > e 2  
6 road/path tara road 1  
7 to come ra me come 1  
8 to turn word info ahoro turn 37  
9 to swim mamanu bathe 62  
9 to swim arasi swim 63  
10 dirty bwēra dirty 79  
11 dust rahu dust 29  
12 skin ɣavo skin 35  
13 back word info muri-ku back 3  
14 belly oba-ku belly; irregular *bw > b, expect bw 36  
15 bone suri-ku bone 2  
16 intestines aŋeana guts 59  
17 liver roko-na liver 25  
18 breast susu-ku breast 1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable ɣirara know; irregular addition of reduplicated final syllable 18, 102  
21 to think tako think 38  
22 to fear maɣu fear 1  
23 blood ɣapu-ku blood 5  
24 head bwœ-ku head 9  
25 neck rio-ku neck 1  
26 hair word info huru-ku hair (body) 31  
27 nose mbarisu-ku nose; irregular *bw > b 1, 12  
28 to breathe manavasɒ breathe 1  
29 to sniff, smell siɣinia smell 12  
30 mouth hara-ku mouth 42  
31 tooth rivo-ku tooth 1, 35  
32 tongue mea-ku tongue 7  
33 to laugh ru laugh    
34 to cry aŋi cry 1  
35 to vomit momoa vomit; irregular *u > o 1  
36 to spit musu spit 14, 82  
37 to eat ŋœ eat; irregular *au > œ 15  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info      
40 to drink tono drink 35  
41 to bite ɣara bite; irregular *k > ɣ 1  
42 to suck nuɣu suck 29  
43 ear kariŋa-ku ear 1, 24  
44 to hear roŋo hear 1  
45 eye mā-ku eye 1  
46 to see bɔsia see 63  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep mweru sleep 1, 70  
49 to lie down word info lie down 51  
50 to dream      
51 to sit oɣa sit 80  
52 to stand œra stand 40  
53 person/human being enuni person; irregular *i > e and *o > u 10  
54 man/male mane man 1  
55 woman/female ɣete woman; irregular *a >e 12  
56 child kare-ku child 40  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother kena-na mother; irregular *a > e 31  
59 mother kate mother    
60 father vaema-na father 1, 21  
60 father mama father 1, 10  
61 house ruma house 1  
62 thatch/roof ao thatch 1  
63 name āta-na name; irregular long vowel 1, 18  
64 to say visia say 71  
65 rope varo rope 2  
66 to tie up, fasten raku tie 64  
67 to sew word info tea sew; irregular *ai > e 2  
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info haɣavasi hunt 15  
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce rupu stab 59  
72 to hit word info tahuru hit (stick) 45  
73 to steal hanaɣo steal 1  
74 to kill nahu kill 50  
75 to die, be dead mae die 1  
76 to live, be alive mœri life 1  
76 to live, be alive mæri alive 1  
77 to scratch word info ɣaro scratch 55  
78 to cut, hack word info hara cut nut X  
78 to cut, hack word info woro cut (wood)    
78 to cut, hack word info rete cut (string) 98  
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info waɣaria split 32  
81 sharp māsi sharp 72  
82 dull, blunt mamasusu blunt 56  
83 to work word info taɣara work 53  
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info mamanu swell    
88 to squeeze word info rumuɣia squeeze    
89 to hold word info tœa hold 77  
90 to dig opa dig 84  
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info wota fall 71  
96 dog ao dog 58  
97 bird manu bird 1  
98 egg oru-na egg 1  
99 feather varehu-na feather 45  
100 wing ɣaɣaha-na wing 1, 39  
101 to fly ɣaha fly 36  
101 to fly raŋo fly (insect!) x  
102 rat kiki rat 56  
103 meat/flesh hasiɣona meat/flesh 10, 65  
104 fat/grease œbena fat/grease 56  
104 fat/grease ahiɣiana fat/grease    
105 tail kere tail 39  
106 snake snake 12  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info ɣū louse 1  
108 louse word info mamānata rita louse egg 20  
109 mosquito namu mosquito 1  
110 spider ravɒ spider 1  
111 fish siare fish 61  
112 rotten word info kakaɣa rotten 58  
113 branch word info ara-na branch 1, 17  
114 leaf aha-na leaf 34  
115 root vaɣa-na root 2  
116 flower taka-na flower 12  
117 fruit ɣua-na fruit 1, 26  
118 grass ɣo grass 57  
119 earth/soil mako earth 51  
120 stone stone; irregular *a > o 1  
121 sand one sand 1  
122 water word info ve water 2  
123 to flow oɣo flow; irregular loss of *k 48  
124 sea āsi sea 1  
125 salt      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest vapuna bush 22  
128 sky matava sky 50  
129 moon haɣeha moon 39  
130 star hiɣu star 1, 51  
131 cloud word info parœru cloud    
132 fog vaha fog 46  
133 rain raŋi rain 7  
134 thunder akurɒ thunder; with irregular additional a- 2, 63  
135 lightning maraŋea lightning 53  
136 wind roɣa wind 54  
137 to blow word info uhia blow 4  
137 to blow word info roɣa blow 51  
138 warm word info mahana warm 1, 72  
139 cold word info marato cold 65  
140 dry word info mamata dry 11  
141 wet ruhu wet 66  
142 heavy hiɣa heavy 41  
143 fire ɣi fire 33  
144 to burn word info suŋia burn 55  
144 to burn word info su burn    
145 smoke word info robworobwo smoke 14  
146 ash rahu ashes 1, 67  
147 black masuri black 54  
148 white siki white 58  
149 red memera red 1  
150 yellow herehereɣa yellow 55  
151 green maravarava green 13  
152 small sisite small 63  
153 big raha big 10  
154 short word info abubu short 56  
155 long word info borahu long 16  
156 thin word info mahinihini thin; irregular metathesis of *n and *s 1  
156 thin word info rakeɣa thin    
157 thick word info upupuɣa thick 12  
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick maeha sick 58  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info ɣemœa old (person) 61  
162 old word info marahaɣa old (person) 85  
162 old word info banimarɒ old (thing) 88  
163 new hohoruɣa new 1  
164 good koro good 55  
165 bad, evil era bad 52  
166 correct, true oto correct 13  
167 night buŋiana night 1  
168 day taŋiana day 6  
169 year harisi year 8  
170 when? word info keta when? 1, 44  
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at i at 1  
174 in, inside raro-na in 1  
175 above      
176 below ruɣuha-na below 42  
177 this anike this    
178 that      
179 near haɣaraŋi near 1, 74  
180 far haɣatœ far 1, 18  
181 where? word info ihe where? 3  
182 I inœ I (1sg) 1, 22  
183 thou iɣo you (2sg) s  
184 he/she ŋaia he 1, 68  
185 we word info ɣarua we (1du.incl) 2  
185 we word info iɣami we (1pl.excl) 2  
185 we word info iɣia we (1pl.incl) 1  
185 we word info iɣamirua we (1du.excl) 2  
186 you -mu your (2sg.poss) x  
186 you -mi your (2pl.poss) x  
186 you iɣamurua you (2du) x  
186 you iɣamu you (2pl) 1  
187 they ŋairarua they (3du) x  
187 they ŋaira they (3pl) 1, 71  
188 what? word info ta what? 1, 52  
189 who? word info wati who? 1, 69  
190 other      
191 all      
192 and ma and 2  
193 if maŋa if 3, 68  
194 how? word info maŋa ihe how? 48  
195 no, not mareha no 74  
196 to count totna count    
197 One word info eta one 32  
198 Two word info erua two 1  
199 Three word info oru three 1  
200 Four word info hai four 1, 65  
201 Five word info irima five 1  
202 Six word info ono six 1  
203 Seven word info piu seven 1  
204 Eight word info varu eight 3  
205 Nine word info siva nine 5  
206 Ten word info taŋahuru ten 5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info taŋarœ ɣitaɣe one hundred; irregular metathesis of l and ŋ 39  
210 One Thousand word info rehaɣaro one thousand 25  

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