abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Rarotongan

Source/Author:  POLLEX 2000 (Bruce Biggs & Ross Clark) 
Notes:   
Data Entry:  Typed By: Simon Greenhill  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Eastern Malayo-Polynesian:Oceanic:Central-Eastern Oceanic:Remote Oceanic:Central Pacific:East Fijian-Polynesian:Polynesian:Nuclear:East:Central:Tahitic 
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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand kapu Palm of hand, instep of foot (Sve) 7  
1 hand rima Five, hand 1  
2 left kauī   1, 42  
2 left kauvī   1, 42  
2 left mauī   1, 59  
3 right katau Right (as opposed to left) (Bse) 5, 40  
4 leg/foot tapuae Footmark, footprint, sole of the foot (Sve) 40  
4 leg/foot vae Leg 1, 100  
5 to walk àere Go, walk, proceed, progress 6  
6 road/path ara Road, path, passage, way, trail, track (Bse) 1  
7 to come tātā'i      
8 to turn word info 'akapa'e   11  
8 to turn word info 'iki'iki      
8 to turn word info pa'e   11  
9 to swim kau Swim 5  
10 dirty repo Dirty, soiled, foul, dirt, muck, mud, to shit (Bse) Stained, smeared, sullied (Bse) 9  
10 dirty àvaàva   8  
11 dust puèu Dust, scattered 1, 74  
12 skin kiri Skin 1  
13 back word info mokotua Back of human beings and quadrupeds (Sve) 100, 11  
14 belly kona Lower abdomen 8  
14 belly koopuu Belly, stomach 2  
14 belly manava Stomach, nature, disposition (Bse) 9  
15 bone ivi Bone 52, 5  
16 intestines ngaakau Intestines 12  
17 liver ate Liver 1  
18 breast uu Nipple, breast 1  
19 shoulder 'ua   8  
19 shoulder pakuìvi   8  
19 shoulder pukuìvi   8  
19 shoulder pokoivi   8  
20 to know, be knowledgeable kite See, know 12  
20 to know, be knowledgeable maatau Have knowledge of, be accustomed to, be in the habit of (Bse) 1  
21 to think maàra Thought, memory, recollection, come to mind 8  
22 to fear mataku Fear v., afraid (to be) 1  
22 to fear Fear, dread (Sve) [<] 9 L
23 blood toto Blood (Sve) 4  
24 head upoko Head 10  
25 neck kakii Neck 20  
26 hair word info 'uru Hair (of animals and body-hair of humans), fur, feathers, fleece (Bse) 31  
26 hair word info rauru Hair of head 40  
27 nose putaang/iqu/ Nose 1, 2  
28 to breathe ngaa Pant, gasp 10  
29 to sniff, smell 'ongi Touch noses, smell (I) 9  
30 mouth vaà Mouth 1, 8  
31 tooth ni'o Tooth 1  
32 tongue arero Tongue 15  
33 to laugh kata Laugh 7  
34 to cry tangi Any noise or sound, but especially of weeping 1  
35 to vomit rua/ki Vomit 8, 31  
35 to vomit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 1, 32  
36 to spit puaki Spew, belch, spit out 16  
36 to spit tu/tuà/ Spit (Sve) 19, 34?  
37 to eat kai-nga Food, eat 1, 44  
38 to chew word info ngau-a Chew 8  
38 to chew word info -ìa Chew 8  
39 to cook word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 10  
39 to cook word info tao To cook in an oven (Sve) 10  
40 to drink inu Drink 1  
41 to bite kati Bite, nip (v) 1, 55  
41 to bite eti Gnaw, tear, bite [<] 1, 55 L
42 to suck ngote-a Suck in/up 9  
42 to suck -ìa absorb (Bse) Suck 10  
42 to suck miti lick 8  
43 ear taringa Ear (Sve) 1  
44 to hear rongo Hear, news 1  
45 eye kanoì Eyeball 4  
45 eye mata Eye, face 1  
46 to see kite See, know 1  
47 to yawn àamama Yawn, open the mouth (Mka) 19, 28  
48 to sleep moe Sleep 10  
49 to lie down word info 'akatakoto   7  
49 to lie down word info 'akatīpapa   21  
49 to lie down word info moe   6  
50 to dream moemoeaa A dream, to dream (Sve) 7, 27  
51 to sit no'o Sit, dwell 16  
52 to stand tuu Stand, upright, to be 2  
53 person/human being tangata General name for mankind (Sve) 1, 66  
54 man/male tamaroa A son, a male child x  
54 man/male taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 1, 11  
55 woman/female vaìne Woman Female 1, 106, 116  
55 woman/female ìne Woman Female 1, 41  
56 child tama Child, term of address to man 6  
56 child tamariki Children (pl. of tamaiti), be a child (Bse) 6, 63  
56 child tamaiti Boy, child (Bse) 6, 64  
57 husband taane Male, husband, lover, man (Sve) 14  
58 wife va'ine   5, 68  
59 mother māmā borrowing?-MW 5 L?
60 father metua   1, 9  
60 father borrowing?-MW 5 L?
60 father pāpā borrowing?-MW 5 L?
61 house àre House 14  
62 thatch/roof ato Thatch 1  
63 name ingoa Name 6  
64 to say araara   128?  
64 to say karanga   128?  
64 to say kōrero   11  
64 to say tuatua   2?  
65 rope taura Rope, cord (Sve) 9  
66 to tie up, fasten ìitiki-a Tie on around or up, tie a knot, bind, tether (Bse) 12  
66 to tie up, fasten -ìa Tie, lash, bind 16?  
66 to tie up, fasten -na Bind, tie tightly round, tether, snare (in a noose) (Bse) 13?  
66 to tie up, fasten rii Tie, lash, tether, bind (Bse) 14  
66 to tie up, fasten nati-a   13  
66 to tie up, fasten taapeka   17  
67 to sew word info tui Sew, thread, pierce (Sve) 13  
68 needle au Wooden needle 1  
69 to hunt word info kimi hunt    
69 to hunt word info apuapu hunt down 7?  
70 to shoot word info taa/àna/ Shoot with bow 1  
71 to stab, pierce pātia   9  
71 to stab, pierce pātiatia   9  
71 to stab, pierce vero   15  
71 to stab, pierce verovero   15  
72 to hit word info papaki (Bse). Slap, hit, smack (Sve) 6  
72 to hit word info paakia Passive of papaki (Bse) 6  
72 to hit word info patu Strike, knock with sudden short blow (Bse) 7  
72 to hit word info taa Hit, strike, fight, attack (Bse) 10  
72 to hit word info ta-ia Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 10  
72 to hit word info tuki   8  
73 to steal keiaa Steal, thief (Mka) 7  
74 to kill kikini   28?  
74 to kill   8?  
74 to kill tāmate   2  
74 to kill tāmatemate   2  
74 to kill putu   9  
75 to die, be dead mate Die 1  
75 to die, be dead po'e Dwindle, die down (of flame, light), screwed up (of eyes), dazzled (Bse) 3  
76 to live, be alive ora Life, health, recover from illness, alive, satiated with food 6  
76 to live, be alive mauri Life principle, spirit, seat of the emotions (Bse) 1, 76  
77 to scratch word info raku(raku) Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
77 to scratch word info raraku Scratch with fingernails or claws Scratched 9  
78 to cut, hack word info vaaì/a To split, break (Bse) 13  
78 to cut, hack word info kokoti Cut (with blade), sever, reap (Bse) 9  
78 to cut, hack word info kootia Sever, cut v 9  
78 to cut, hack word info motu Chop, chisel or adze something into shape, carve something out (Bse) 54, 14  
78 to cut, hack word info tarai   1  
79 stick/wood raakau Wood, tree, shrub, plant, pole, rod, stick, weapon 1  
80 to split word info ngaàa Open, cracked, broken, split, severed 5, 72  
80 to split word info vaaì To break, split, share 4  
80 to split word info tapaì To split, cleave lengthwise (Sve), chop down vertically on something, split or cleave lengthwise 4, 6  
81 sharp koi Sharp 14, 66  
82 dull, blunt mania Smooth, flat, blunt (Bse) 11  
83 to work word info ànga/ànga Work, labour, deed 10  
84 to plant tanu   2  
84 to plant tanutanu   2  
84 to plant tatanu   2  
85 to choose ìri Select, choose 1  
86 to grow word info tupu Grow 1  
87 to swell word info 'akangē(ngē)      
87 to swell word info 'akapetetue   5?  
87 to swell word info ē      
87 to swell word info ngaru      
87 to swell word info ōpuepue   30  
88 to squeeze word info romi Squeeze 10  
88 to squeeze word info tatau To squeeze, crush or press (Sve) 13  
89 to hold word info kuku-a Draw or bunch together, roll up (as sleeves), ruck up, grab (Bse) 12  
89 to hold word info puke/na Take hold of Reach for (as for fish in a hole) 13  
89 to hold word info tango   14  
90 to dig keri Dig v 1  
91 to buy 'oko Buy, sell, trade 7  
92 to open, uncover 'akangangata      
92 to open, uncover 'akapu'ata      
92 to open, uncover 'akatū'era'era      
93 to pound, beat word info tuki Pound, beat, bruise, strike (Sve) 20, 2  
94 to throw word info maka Throw, hurl, sling, a sling (Bse) 11  
94 to throw word info peeì-a Throw directly at (Bse) 12?  
94 to throw word info -ìa Throw, cast, hurl, fling (Sve)    
94 to throw word info tii Throw, cast (Sve) 9  
94 to throw word info tiri   9  
95 to fall word info makuru Fall gently and profusely (as leaves or petals) 11  
95 to fall word info marere Fall, of fruit from a tree, etc 12  
95 to fall word info ìnga Fall over from an upright position, topple over, be overthrown (Sve) 44  
95 to fall word info topa Fall from a height, fallen 124  
96 dog kurii Dog 7  
97 bird manu Bird or beast, creature (Bse) 1  
97 bird manu/rere Bird 1  
97 bird manu rere Birds that fly 1  
98 egg ua   5  
99 feather 'uru feathers 1  
99 feather 'uru'uru feathers 1  
100 wing peeàu Wing, pectoral fin (Bse) 1, 58  
101 to fly rere Jump, fly v 11  
102 rat kiore Rat 12  
103 meat/flesh kiko Meat, tuber, fleshy, fully developed (of tubers), bast (of paper mulberry or breadfruit) (Bse) 10  
104 fat/grease ngako Internal fat of fish or animals 14  
104 fat/grease ìnu Oil, fat 12  
105 tail ìku Tail of animal, fish, bird (Sve) 13  
106 snake 'ōuī   27 L?
107 worm (earthworm) toke Worm (Sve) 7  
108 louse word info kutu Louse Body lice 1  
108 louse word info kutu papa the crab louse (Pthirius pubis) 1, 6  
109 mosquito namu Mosquito, gnat, midge (Bse) 1  
110 spider tukutuku/ra'onui General term for spiders 5, 39  
111 fish ika   1  
112 rotten word info para Ripe, rotten 13  
112 rotten word info popo Decay 14  
113 branch word info raaraa Branch, twig, off-shoot 1, 33  
114 leaf rau Leaf 1  
115 root paki-aka The bark of tree roots (Sve) 2  
116 flower pua Flower, blossom 1  
117 fruit 'ua Fruit 1  
118 grass mauku Grass, rushes, hay, straw (Bse) 58  
118 grass matie(e) Green, grass (Bse) 13  
119 earth/soil kere/maroo Dry soil (Bse) 10  
119 earth/soil repo Dirty, soiled, foul; dirt, muck, mud; to shit (Bse) 11  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
120 stone pooàtu Stone (Mka) Stone (Mka) 1, 19  
121 sand one Soil, earth, sand (Bse) 1  
122 water word info vai Water 2  
123 to flow ta'e Leak, melt, ooze, trickle (Sve) 10  
124 sea moana Sea 10  
124 sea tai Sea, sea water, coast bordering the sea, tide (Sve) 1  
125 salt miti Salt water 7  
126 lake roto Lagoon 6  
127 woods/forest ngaa/ngaaere/ (Full of) weeds, useless grasses, plants or bushes (Bse) 16  
127 woods/forest uru/raakau Clump of trees 15, 110  
127 woods/forest vao Forest 14  
128 sky rangi Sky, heaven (Bse) 1  
129 moon marama   7  
130 star 'eetuu Star (Bse) 1  
131 cloud word info tiao   12  
131 cloud word info tūrangi   36?  
131 cloud word info tumurangi   36?  
132 fog ko'u Mist, fog 1, 47  
132 fog maa'uu Wet, damp, moist, humid 10  
133 rain ua Rain 1  
134 thunder māngūngū      
135 lightning rapa Flash of lightning, dazzle, glitter 9  
135 lightning uira Lightning 2  
136 wind matangi Wind, air (Bse) 1, 66  
137 to blow word info angi Blow (of wind, breeze) 8  
137 to blow word info àrara To blow, rise, gust (of wind) (Bse) 9  
137 to blow word info puì Blow 6  
138 warm word info maàna Warm 1, 72  
139 cold word info anu Cold 8  
139 cold word info anu toketoke Very cold (Bse) 8, 9  
140 dry word info maroo Dry, withered (Bse) 13  
141 wet mā'ū   10  
141 wet mā'ū'ū   10  
141 wet tārari   9  
142 heavy tei/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
142 heavy tai/maà/ Heavy 46, 66  
142 heavy teimaà Weight, heaviness, load (Sve) 46, 66  
143 fire Fire, light 1  
144 to burn word info ta'u Cook, burn, set on fire (Sve) 8  
144 to burn word info tutungi Pass. tuungia Set fire to, kindle, light (match, lamp, cigarette, etc.) (Buse) 7  
145 smoke word info au Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
145 smoke word info auaì Smoke Smoke (Sve) 2  
146 ash rèu Ashes 67  
147 black kere Black 5  
147 black uri Dark coloured 7  
147 black ìva Blackish 6  
148 white tea White, clear (Sve) 8  
149 red kura Red 13  
149 red 'ute Red B. (Mka) [<] 14 L
150 yellow rengarenga Yellow 10 L
151 green matie   1, 11  
151 green 'akamatie   1, 11  
151 green tāmatie   1, 11  
152 small iti Small 121  
152 small riki Small 66  
152 small àka(ri)riki/ Make smaller 66  
152 small poto Short 10  
153 big ākā   31  
153 big 'akamatū CAUS + matuu 41  
153 big āma'atama'ata   31  
153 big ngao      
153 big katakata      
153 big ma'ata   31  
153 big ma'atama'ata   31  
154 short word info poto Short 9  
155 long word info roa Long a 12  
156 thin word info angiangi   18  
156 thin word info rairai   5  
157 thick word info maatoru Thick through, stout and solid 3  
158 narrow oaoa   12  
158 narrow 'ōiti      
158 narrow kōkota   26  
158 narrow kōpū   48?  
158 narrow kōpāpā   48?  
158 narrow tākokota   26  
158 narrow tākōpāpā   48?  
159 wide 'a'ano   7  
159 wide ātea   21  
160 painful, sick mamae Pain, feel pain, ache, hurt, painful (Bse) 10  
160 painful, sick maauiui Tired, weary, fatigued 1, 12  
161 shy, ashamed tā'akamā ashamed 1  
162 old word info taìto Be old, ancient, antique, days of yore, antiquity, old age (Bse) 10  
163 new 'oou New, recent (Bse) 1  
164 good reka Pleasant 14  
164 good meitaki Good, pleasant, excellent 15  
165 bad, evil kino Evil, bad, wicked, ugly, unfortunate, hurt, general intensifier (Bse) 9  
166 correct, true tika Right, correct, true (Sve) 9  
167 night poo Night 1  
168 day ao Day (not night) 1, 54  
169 year mataìti Year (Bse) 7  
169 year tau A season or period (Sve) 1  
170 when? word info aa'ea When? Where? (Bse) 5  
171 to hide word info puni Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
171 to hide word info pi(i)pini Hide (obs.) (Bse) Hide (Bse) 1  
172 to climb word info kake-a -ìa -na Climb, mount, serve (Bse) 32  
173 at i At (preposed particle) 1  
173 at tei At, in, in the act of (Sve), relative pronoun (past) (Bse) 5  
174 in, inside roto Inside, lagoon, lake 5  
175 above runga Above 9  
176 below raro Below, under 8  
177 this te(e)ia      
177 this teia      
177 this teeia      
178 that taua   x  
178 that aua   x  
179 near vai/tata/ Near 9  
180 far mamao Distant 13  
181 where? word info 'ea Where? 3, 35  
182 I au First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) 1, 21  
182 I -ku First person singular pronoun (Focus) First person singular (Possessive) x  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
183 thou koe Second person singular, thou 1  
184 he/she ia He, she 1  
185 we word info mātou   2, 39  
185 we word info tātou 1 pl. incl. 1, 39  
186 you koorua Second person dual pronoun, you (Ply) x  
186 you kootou You, plural (Bse) 16  
187 they rātou   1, 72  
187 they rāua dual x  
188 what? word info What 1  
189 who? word info ài Who? 1  
190 other   8?  
190 other ta'i   7  
190 other tēta'i   7  
191 all katoa All, (The) whole, together 13  
192 and maa And, in company with (used to link units with tens but not confined to this) (Bse) 2  
193 if me If, conditional (Ply 1970) 5  
194 how? word info pèea How? 11  
195 no, not kaa'ore No! (Aitutaki) (Bse) 11  
195 no, not àuraka Negative imperative marker (Bse) 12  
196 to count tārē   43  
196 to count tatau   8  
197 One word info taì One (Sve) 14, 48  
198 Two word info rua Two 1  
199 Three word info toru Three (Sve) 1  
200 Four word info àa Four (Bse) 1, 66  
201 Five word info rima Five, hand.(Source: Pollex) 1  
202 Six word info ono   1  
203 Seven word info 'itu Seven.(Source: Pollex) 1  
203 Seven word info itu   1  
204 Eight word info varu Pollex 06: Varu. :Eight. 3  
205 Nine word info iva Nine.(Source: Pollex) 5, 66  
206 Ten word info nga'uru Ten.(Source: Pollex) 5  
207 Twenty word info rua ngauru-   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info rima ngauru   1  
209 One Hundred word info tai anere English loan (ta'i 'one' ; 'anere 'loan for hundred') 11 L
210 One Thousand word info mano A thousand, or a thousand brace (Etn).(Source: Pollex) 2  
210 One Thousand word info tavatini English Loan 11 L
210 One Thousand word info tauatini English Loan 11 L

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