abvd.org : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Karo Batak

Source/Author:  Neumann, J.H. 1951. Karo-Bataks-Nederlands woordenboek. Djakarta: Lembaga Kebujaan Indonesia. & Woollams A grammar of Karo Batak 
Notes:  The othography used here follows Woollams, Geoff. 1996. A grammar of Karo Batak. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Ger Reesink  Checked By: Simon Greenhill 
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Northwest Sumatra-Barrier Islands:Batak:Northern 
Map 
 

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand tān contracted from /tangan/, hand, arm, sleeve 18  
2 left kawes      
3 right kemuhun      
4 leg/foot nahé foot, leg 1  
5 to walk dalin-dalin wandelen    
6 road/path dalin path, road 1  
7 to come rëh sometimes with prefix er;    
8 to turn word info ala turn towards (e.g. turn one's face to the sun    
9 to swim keneng swim, dive (of humans and fish    
10 dirty rencam      
11 dust abu ashes, dust 31  
12 skin kuling      
13 back word info gurung back    
13 back word info tulan gurung spine    
14 belly beltek      
15 bone tulan   1  
16 intestines bituka      
17 liver até   1  
18 breast pola(na) woman's breast    
19 shoulder bara      
20 to know, be knowledgeable beluh      
21 to think akap think, feel    
22 to fear aru até cf. até 'liver'    
23 blood dareh   1  
24 head takal      
25 neck kuduk      
26 hair word info buk   1  
26 hair word info mbulu 'woolen hair of animal' 1  
27 nose igung   1  
28 to breathe er-kesah      
29 to sniff, smell sanggeh      
30 mouth babah   1  
31 tooth ipen      
32 tongue dilah   4  
33 to laugh tawa laugh aloud 1  
34 to cry ngakngak      
35 to vomit mutah   1  
36 to spit er-cidur      
37 to eat pan      
38 to chew word info ngatngat      
39 to cook word info tangger      
40 to drink minem      
41 to bite (ng)karat      
42 to suck cepcep      
43 ear cuping   15  
44 to hear begi hear, listen: + Nasal: megi    
45 eye mata   1  
46 to see (ng)idah      
47 to yawn ke-hayam-en      
48 to sleep tunduh   1  
49 to lie down word info pedem lie down, sleep    
50 to dream er-nipi nipi 'dream'    
51 to sit kundul      
52 to stand cinder      
53 person/human being kalak      
54 man/male dilaki      
55 woman/female diberu      
56 child anak   1  
57 husband ? er-jai 'be married (of woman)' p.78    
58 wife ndehara Woollams p.18    
59 mother nandé Woollams p.11    
60 father bapa F, FB 5  
61 house rumah   1  
62 thatch/roof tarum      
63 name gelar      
64 to say ni- Woollams p.323    
65 rope tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten ngampen      
67 to sew word info semet sew leaves for thatch    
68 needle jarum   1  
69 to hunt word info er-buru      
70 to shoot word info ng-eltep shoot with blowpipe    
71 to stab, pierce tikam      
72 to hit word info pekpek      
73 to steal tangko      
74 to kill munuh      
75 to die, be dead maté   1  
76 to live, be alive (ng)geluh      
77 to scratch word info (ng)gergo      
78 to cut, hack word info getap      
79 stick/wood palu      
80 to split word info takal      
81 sharp telap e.g. of knife    
82 dull, blunt tumpul   3  
83 to work word info er-juma Woollams p.79    
84 to plant suan planting of rice, trees, etc; with Nasal: nuan    
85 to choose pilih   1  
86 to grow word info juën grow fast (of rice, child)    
87 to swell word info jebal swollen after an insect bite    
88 to squeeze word info peldas      
89 to hold word info (n)cikep      
90 to dig (ng)kali      
91 to buy (er-)tukur      
92 to open, uncover ongkam      
93 to pound, beat word info tutu with Nasal: nutu    
94 to throw word info ambek(ken) Woollams p.59    
95 to fall word info dabu      
96 dog biang      
97 bird manuk chicken; manuk-manuk 'bird in general' 1  
98 egg tinaruh      
99 feather embulu      
100 wing kabeng      
101 to fly kabang      
102 rat menci generic for rodents    
103 meat/flesh gulé meat meant for consumption    
104 fat/grease minak oil, fat 1  
105 tail ikur of quadrupeds 1  
106 snake nipé      
107 worm (earthworm) nipé      
108 louse word info kutu   1  
109 mosquito ranggang      
110 spider lawah   1  
111 fish ikan   1  
112 rotten word info moden      
113 branch word info dahan   1  
114 leaf bulung   18  
115 root urat   1  
116 flower rudang      
117 fruit buah   1  
118 grass dukut   2  
119 earth/soil taneh      
120 stone batu   1  
121 sand kersik      
122 water word info layo liquid    
122 water word info lo water    
122 water word info lau river; /lau/ in Woollams p.56    
123 to flow malir p.274: senang-senag malir-na 'quietly flowing of water'    
124 sea lawet lake, sea    
125 salt sira   1  
126 lake lawet      
127 woods/forest kerangen Woollams p.153    
128 sky awang-awang      
129 moon bulan   1  
130 star bintang bintang kesawan 'Venus'; morning & evening star 1  
131 cloud word info embun cloud, dew    
132 fog remang      
133 rain udan udan gembura 'drizzle' 1  
134 thunder geruh thunder in distance    
135 lightning kilap   1, 88  
136 wind angin   1  
137 to blow word info (ng)embus blow (of mouth; of wind)    
138 warm word info me-las hot of fire or sun    
139 cold word info ngilu      
140 dry word info kerah dry, dried up    
140 dry word info kirah dry, dried up    
141 wet bencah wet, moist    
142 heavy (m)berat      
143 fire api gara; rara 'the flaming of api' 1  
144 to burn word info selkut to set sth on fire; /meseng/ is intransitive 'burn'    
145 smoke word info cimber      
146 ash abam      
147 black (m)biring black; dark-blue    
148 white mbulan white, pale    
149 red me-gara be red    
150 yellow me-gersing be yellow    
151 green meratah green,blue (Woollams p.173)    
152 small me-kitik      
153 big mbelin      
154 short word info kitik      
155 long word info (ng)gedang      
156 thin word info genting      
157 thick word info me-kapal      
158 narrow picet      
159 wide longgé      
160 painful, sick sui Woollams p.87    
161 shy, ashamed méla      
162 old word info metua      
163 new baru      
164 good uli      
165 bad, evil ilat      
166 correct, true payo      
167 night berngi      
168 day suari daytime    
169 year tahun   1  
170 when? word info ndiganai Woollams p.244    
171 to hide word info ci-ligen-i hide oneself    
172 to climb word info nangkih climb a tree    
173 at i      
174 in, inside i bas Woollams p.152    
175 above (i) bobo      
176 below teruh      
177 this énda      
178 that éna that    
178 that adah that; overthere    
178 that ah overthere    
179 near (n)deher      
180 far dauh Woollams p.56    
181 where? word info i ja      
182 I aku   1  
183 thou ko   10?  
183 thou kam   10?  
184 he/she ia      
185 we word info kita   1  
185 we word info kami   2  
186 you kéna 'polite form'    
186 you kam      
187 they ia      
188 what? word info kai      
189 who? word info isé   1  
190 other atup one of a pair, the other    
191 all kerina      
192 and janah      
192 and dingen      
193 if adi(na) Woollams p.338    
194 how? word info kuga      
194 how? word info uga      
194 how? word info gua      
195 no, not la      
195 no, not sébo sébo, séa, so in Singalur dialect    
196 to count er-kira      
197 One word info sada      
198 Two word info dua   1  
199 Three word info telu   1  
200 Four word info empat   1  
201 Five word info lima   1  
202 Six word info (e)nem      
203 Seven word info pitu   1  
204 Eight word info waluh   3  
205 Nine word info siwah      
206 Ten word info sepulu      
207 Twenty word info dua pulu      
208 Fifty word info lima pulu      
209 One Hundred word info seratus   4  
210 One Thousand word info seribu   5  

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