language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Dong, Southern

Source/Author:  Long Yaohong & Zheng Guoqiao 
Notes:  ISO 639-3: kmc. Rongjiang-Zhanglu dialect. For comparative purposes regarding the Austric hypothesis. (Dong is a Kam-Sui language, which is distantly related to Thai.)

Source: Long Yaohong and Zheng Guoqiao. The Dong Language in Guizhou Province, China. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics: [Arlington]: University of Texas at Arlington, 1998. ISBN 1556710518.

The "j" letters palatalize their preceding consonants. Tones are marked by numbers.  
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 227
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 21
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Kam-Sui 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 36 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand mja212   1  
2 left ȶe323   46  
3 right wa35   1  
4 leg/foot tin55   12  
5 to walk ȶham13      
6 road/path khwən35      
7 to come ma35      
7 to come tɐŋ55      
8 to turn word info ɕon55 Chinese   Loan
9 to swim      
10 dirty wa53      
10 dirty wok21      
11 dust puŋ53      
11 dust phən35      
12 skin pi212 Chinese   L
13 back word info lai212      
14 belly loŋ212      
15 bone lak323      
16 intestines sai323      
17 liver tɐp55      
18 breast mi212      
18 breast ȵo31      
19 shoulder sa35      
20 to know, be knowledgeable wo31      
21 to think mje33      
22 to fear jau13      
23 blood phat13      
24 head kau323      
25 neck ȵən33      
26 hair word info pjɐm55      
27 nose mɐŋ55      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth ʔəp55      
31 tooth pjɐn55      
32 tongue ma212   1  
33 to laugh ko55      
34 to cry ne323      
35 to vomit wen35      
35 to vomit ȵe55      
36 to spit phju453      
37 to eat ȶan55      
37 to eat ȶi55      
38 to chew word info ŋɐm31 gnaw    
39 to cook word info tuŋ55 to boil    
40 to drink wum31      
41 to bite ʔit31      
42 to suck      
43 ear kha35      
44 to hear ɕoŋ55 kha35      
44 to hear ȶhiŋ 453      
45 eye ta55      
46 to see nu53      
46 to see nɐŋ212      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep nun212      
48 to sleep nɐk35      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream pjɐn55 noun    
51 to sit sui53      
52 to stand jun55      
53 person/human being ȵən212 Chinese   L
54 man/male pan55      
54 man/male lak31 pan55      
55 woman/female mjek323      
55 woman/female tu212 sa31      
56 child lak31 ʔun323      
57 husband sau31      
58 wife mai31      
59 mother nɐi31      
60 father pu31      
61 house jan212      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name kwan55      
64 to say wa33      
65 rope lam33      
66 to tie up, fasten suk31      
67 to sew word info paŋ55      
67 to sew word info ȶip323      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info peŋ531   1  
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info heu35      
72 to hit word info ʔui53      
73 to steal ljɐk21      
74 to kill sa13      
75 to die, be dead tɐi55      
76 to live, be alive ȵau33 to reside at a location    
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info tɐt55 to chop a tree    
78 to cut, hack word info pɐm323 to chop a tree    
79 stick/wood mɐi31 wood, stick, log, tree    
80 to split word info ȵe53      
80 to split word info ɕek13      
81 sharp jai33      
82 dull, blunt təp21      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant mja212      
84 to plant to323      
85 to choose lai33      
85 to choose ʔen323      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info pu55      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info um323      
90 to dig te53      
90 to dig lɐu55      
90 to dig ʔon55      
91 to buy ȶɐi323      
92 to open, uncover ʔɐi35 Chinese   L
93 to pound, beat word info ɕok55      
93 to pound, beat word info mo33      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info tok55      
96 dog ŋwa35      
97 bird mok21 Chicken: 'ai53. Nothern dialect: no'13 1  
98 egg kɐi53      
99 feather pjən55      
100 wing pa53      
101 to fly pən323      
102 rat no13      
103 meat/flesh nan31      
104 fat/grease ju22 oil    
105 tail sət55      
106 snake sui212      
107 worm (earthworm) sɐn31      
108 louse word info tau55      
108 louse word info nɐn55      
109 mosquito      
110 spider ŋo212      
111 fish pa55      
112 rotten word info lui212      
112 rotten word info lan33 Chinese   L
113 branch word info      
114 leaf pa53      
115 root saŋ35      
116 flower nuk323      
116 flower wa35      
117 fruit tui55      
117 fruit təm33      
118 grass ȵaŋ13      
119 earth/soil nam33 soil/mud    
119 earth/soil mak31 soil/mud    
120 stone pja55      
120 stone ȶin55      
121 sand ɕe35      
122 water word info nɐm31      
123 to flow ʔui35      
124 sea hɐi13 Chinese   L
125 salt jim212      
125 salt ko55      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky mən55      
129 moon kwaŋ55 ȵan55      
130 star ɕət55      
131 cloud word info ma323      
132 fog mun212      
133 rain pjən55      
134 thunder pja323      
135 lightning lap323      
136 wind ləm212      
137 to blow word info wet13      
137 to blow word info səp21      
138 warm word info sau323      
138 warm word info tun55 hot    
138 warm word info ljoŋ31 hot    
139 cold word info ljɐk35      
139 cold word info jim453 cool    
140 dry word info so323      
141 wet jɐk55      
142 heavy ȶhɐn35      
143 fire pui55   1  
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info kwɐn212      
146 ash phuk13      
147 black nɐm55      
148 white pak31 Chinese   L
149 red ja453      
150 yellow man13      
151 green su35      
152 small ʔun323      
152 small ni53      
153 big mak323      
153 big lau31      
154 short word info thən13      
155 long word info jai323      
156 thin word info maŋ55      
157 thick word info na55      
158 narrow sok35      
159 wide khwaŋ13      
160 painful, sick ʔit323 Northern dialect: kit31 1  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info lau31 Chinese   L
163 new mɐi453   1  
164 good lai55      
165 bad, evil ja31      
165 bad, evil wai33      
166 correct, true ȵɐŋ212      
167 night ȶan55      
167 night ȵɐm53      
168 day mɐn55      
169 year ȵin212 Chinese   L
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info      
172 to climb word info      
173 at ȵau33      
174 in, inside ʔɐu31      
175 above ʔu55      
176 below te323      
177 this nai33   1  
178 that ȶa33 medial    
178 that ȶa53 distal    
179 near ȶɐn31      
180 far kai55      
181 where? word info ki55 nu35      
181 where? word info ʔau31 nu35      
182 I jau212      
183 thou ȵa212      
184 he/she mau33      
185 we word info tau55      
185 we word info ȶiu55      
186 you ɕau35      
187 they ȶa33 mau33      
188 what? word info maŋ212      
189 who? word info nɐu212      
190 other      
191 all lə35      
191 all ɕet13      
192 and      
193 if nu53 pau53      
193 if jaŋ33      
194 how? word info nu35 jaŋ33      
195 no, not ʔɐi323      
195 no, not kwe212      
195 no, not mi31      
196 to count jɐi33      
197 One word info ʔi55 Native Dong    
197 One word info ʔət55 Chinese   L
198 Two word info ja323 Native Dong    
198 Two word info ȵi33 Chinese   L
199 Three word info sam35 Chinese   L
200 Four word info si453 Chinese   L
201 Five word info ŋo31 Chinese   L
202 Six word info ljok21 Chinese   L
203 Seven word info sət35 Chinese   L
204 Eight word info pet323 Chinese   L
205 Nine word info ȶu323 Chinese   L
206 Ten word info ɕəp35 Chinese    
206 Ten word info ɕi33     L
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info pek323 Chinese   L
210 One Thousand word info sin35 Chinese   L

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