language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Lakkja

Source/Author:  Theraphan L. Thongkum 
Notes:  ISO 639-3: lbc The Lakkja are also known as the Cha Shan Yao (Tea Mountain Yao), and reside in northeastern Guangxi. Source: Theraphan L. Thongkum. 1992. "A Preliminary Reconstruction of Proto-Lakkja (Cha Shan Yao)." In The Mon-Khmer Studies Journal, 20: 57-90.

These preliminary reconstructions were based on the three Lakkja dialects of Jintian, Liula, and Jinxiu. 
Problems:  Only 243 preliminary reconstructions are given. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 123
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 15
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kam-Tai:Lakkja 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 17 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *miə A2   1  
2 left *klei C1   47  
3 right *wa: A2   1?  
4 leg/foot *puk D1   41  
5 to walk *pai A1 to go 54  
6 road/path *tsa:ŋ A1   26?  
7 to come      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin *bei A2 Chinese   L
13 back word info      
14 belly *bɔ:ŋ A1      
15 bone      
16 intestines *kla:i C1   47  
17 liver *tap D1   1?  
18 breast *ʔnɛ:n C1   37  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable      
21 to think      
22 to fear *hɛ: A1 frightened 50  
23 blood *liət D2   28  
24 head *kleu A1   33  
25 neck *ʔŋɛn A1   49  
26 hair word info *glom A1   49  
26 hair word info *kle:ŋ A1   49  
27 nose *ʔnaŋ A1   1  
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth *tei C1   17  
31 tooth *wan A2   1  
32 tongue *ŋwa: A2   2  
33 to laugh *he:m C1   71  
34 to cry *piə A1   40  
35 to vomit *ʔjok D1   24  
36 to spit *phui A1   66  
37 to eat *tsen A1   27  
38 to chew word info      
39 to cook word info *tɔ: C1   62  
40 to drink *hɔ:p D1 Chinese 39 L
41 to bite *kat D1   1  
42 to suck      
43 ear *ja A2   28  
44 to hear      
45 eye *pla A1   1?  
46 to see *ʔwei B1   66  
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep *hep D1   17  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream      
51 to sit *ʔniŋ B1   64  
52 to stand *ʔju:n A1   45  
53 person/human being *ɲun A2 Chinese   L
54 man/male *klei A1      
55 woman/female *kl-Na:u C1 young girl 22  
56 child *lak D2   1?  
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother      
60 father      
61 house *liək D2   24  
62 thatch/roof      
63 name *ʔja:n A PAN *ŋajan 8  
64 to say      
65 rope      
66 to tie up, fasten *fat D1      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle *them A1   26  
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info *dziə B2 Chinese   L
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal *glak D2 PAN *Cakaw ? 34  
74 to kill      
75 to die, be dead *plei A1   1?  
76 to live, be alive *ɲeu A2   47  
77 to scratch word info *ʔjau A1      
78 to cut, hack word info *klam B1   93?  
79 stick/wood *ʔmi: C2   8?  
80 to split word info      
81 sharp *rei B2   47  
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info *wok D2 swollen 54  
88 to squeeze word info *glan C2      
88 to squeeze word info *ʔnam B1      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig *ʔwe:t D1   32  
91 to buy *wlei C2 PAN *beli 1  
92 to open, uncover *ha:i A1 Chinese   L
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog *kh-Nuə A1      
97 bird *ʔmlok D1   1  
98 egg *lɔ:m B2   45  
99 feather      
100 wing *wiət D2   54  
101 to fly *pən B1   54  
102 rat *kliu C1   59?  
103 meat/flesh *mɔm B2   57  
104 fat/grease *bui A2   62  
104 fat/grease *ka:u A1 oil    
105 tail *kliəŋ A1   51  
106 snake *ɲiə A2   51  
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info      
109 mosquito      
110 spider      
111 fish *phla: A1   64  
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info *tsh-Nɛ: B   26  
114 leaf *ʔwa: A1   2?  
115 root *kan A1   30  
116 flower      
117 fruit *lak D2      
118 grass *khla:k D1   10  
119 earth/soil      
120 stone *fa:ŋ A1   5  
121 sand      
122 water word info *num C2   1  
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt *kliə A1   21  
126 lake      
127 woods/forest      
128 sky *ʔbən A1   51  
129 moon *ʔbiən A1   1?  
130 star *ʔblet D1 PAN *bituqen 44  
131 cloud word info *hwa: C1   72  
132 fog      
133 rain *fen A1   37  
134 thunder *pla: B   60  
135 lightning      
136 wind *jom A2   64  
137 to blow word info *phu: B1   54  
138 warm word info *khla:n C1   66  
139 cold word info *khl-Ni:t D1   71?  
140 dry word info      
141 wet      
142 heavy *tsak D1   44  
143 fire *pui A1   1  
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info *ʔɲi:n A1      
146 ash *bleu C   39  
147 black *ʔlam A   26?  
148 white *biək D2 Chinese 61 L
149 red *kɔ:ŋ B1   62  
150 yellow      
151 green      
152 small      
153 big *ʔbok D1   62  
154 short word info      
155 long word info *rai A   65  
156 thin word info *khuən C1      
156 thin word info *ʔwa:ŋ A1   39  
157 thick word info *ts-Na: A   47  
158 narrow *je:p D2   45  
159 wide      
160 painful, sick *tse:t D1   61  
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info      
163 new *w-Nai B2   30?  
164 good *ʔlai A1   87?  
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true *duk D2   49?  
167 night *mblau A2   54  
168 day *wan A2   41  
169 year *pei A1   52  
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info *tsheu A1      
172 to climb word info *bla: A2 to ascend    
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near *dzɛn C   50  
180 far *ba: A2   53  
181 where? word info      
182 I      
183 thou *ma: A2   15  
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
197 One word info *ʔŋin C1   11  
198 Two word info *hou C1 could be set 1 (LS) 14  
199 Three word info *sa:m A1 Chinese   L
200 Four word info *sei B1 Chinese   L
201 Five word info *ʔŋɔ C2 Chinese   L
202 Six word info *lɔk D2 Chinese   L
203 Seven word info *thet D1 Chinese   L
204 Eight word info *pa:t D1 Chinese   L
205 Nine word info *tseu C1 Chinese   L
206 Ten word info *dzep D2 Chinese   L
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info *pɛ:k D1 Chinese   L
210 One Thousand word info      

Seen an error? Please let us know:

Save Data: