language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Gelao (Sanchong)

Source/Author:  Yu-May Shen 
Notes:  Source: Shen, Yu-May. Phonology of Sanchong Gelao. M.A. Thesis. University of Texas at Arlington, 2003.

Sanchong Gelao is classified as Central Gelao by Edmondson and Shen, although Ostapirat had classified it earlier as Southwestern Gelao. It is spoken in Sanchong village (三冲村), Longlin County (隆林县), Guangxi, China by the Green Gelao people. Their autonym is ha53 kej53.

Sanchong Gelao has 5 tones: /33/, /35/, /13/, /53/, and /31/.

Other words of interest: m`53 sa53 (raw rice), moŋ53 (cooked rice), ɲaj31 m`53 (water buffalo), toŋ31 koŋ35 (knee) 
Problems:  Syllabic nasals are represented as m` and n`. The fricativized/apical vowel is represented as z`. The original source uses short lines under the letters instead of a grave mark `.

Tones were not given for some words. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 164
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 3
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kadai:Ge-Chi:Hagei 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 7 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand mej31   1  
2 left li53 zej53 left hand 46  
3 right pʷi33 ta35 m`53 right hand 48  
4 leg/foot pu31 ko35   42  
5 to walk paj35      
5 to walk vu d͡ʑu to go    
6 road/path ka53 kun33      
7 to come mo53 d͡ʑu33      
8 to turn word info lo33      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin pu33 ka53      
13 back word info ka53 lai33      
14 belly l̥oŋ35 stomach    
15 bone ta31 taŋ33   1  
16 intestines saj33   1  
17 liver taʔ53 poŋ33      
18 breast l̥u53 breast, heart    
19 shoulder ki53 pu33      
20 to know, be knowledgeable law53      
21 to think      
22 to fear lo31      
23 blood plaʔ53      
24 head bu33 ke53      
25 neck nta53 t͡ɕu31      
26 hair word info mi33 ke33      
27 nose n̥i53      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell maw53      
30 mouth mpu33   1  
31 tooth m`54 pe53   1  
32 tongue mbi33 moŋ53      
33 to laugh      
34 to cry ŋə53   1  
35 to vomit ti53   1?  
36 to spit tʰu53 Chinese   L
37 to eat ha35   1  
38 to chew word info ni33      
39 to cook word info taŋ53   1  
40 to drink haŋ53      
41 to bite to53      
42 to suck      
43 ear t͡ʂo35      
44 to hear nt͡ʂaŋ33      
45 eye to35   1  
46 to see ko35      
46 to see vaŋ53 to look    
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep ŋaw53      
49 to lie down word info ŋaw53      
50 to dream ŋaw53 pe53   1?  
50 to dream m`54 pe53 noun    
51 to sit tu53      
52 to stand ʑoŋ35/13 Chinese ?   L?
53 person/human being həŋ35 Chinese   L
54 man/male pu33 ʂa35      
55 woman/female      
56 child liʔ53 ji33      
57 husband      
58 wife      
59 mother ma13      
60 father mpa13      
61 house ki53      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name ɲai31      
63 name ntej13 surname    
64 to say nd͡ʒz`31      
65 rope      
66 to tie up, fasten naŋ53      
66 to tie up, fasten d͡ʐu33      
67 to sew word info pi33      
67 to sew word info pe35      
68 needle      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal ləŋ53      
74 to kill zəŋ31      
75 to die, be dead pəŋ35   1  
76 to live, be alive plu35 raw    
76 to live, be alive nte31 ti35      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info təj53/31      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info plo53 to split bamboo, break    
81 sharp pzz`53      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant tʰaŋ35      
85 to choose t͡ɕʰe31      
86 to grow word info li31      
87 to swell word info pʰie53      
88 to squeeze word info t͡ɕz`33      
89 to hold word info ʔme53      
90 to dig haj53      
90 to dig t͡sej35      
91 to buy      
92 to open, uncover ho35      
93 to pound, beat word info təŋ53      
93 to pound, beat word info ka53      
94 to throw word info m̥e33      
95 to fall word info taŋ53      
96 dog hm`35      
97 bird m`53 naŋ53   1  
98 egg m`53 kaj53      
99 feather mi33      
100 wing vi31   1?  
101 to fly bləw33      
102 rat m`53 ɬo53      
103 meat/flesh ɲaw33      
104 fat/grease ne31 oil    
105 tail kʷo35 ɕi53      
106 snake m`53 ŋo53      
107 worm (earthworm)      
108 louse word info m`53 t͡ɕe31      
109 mosquito tsz`31 noŋ31      
110 spider      
111 fish m`53 plo35      
112 rotten word info kʰoŋ33      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf      
115 root si53 ʔi35      
116 flower kəw33 hn`53      
117 fruit ntaŋ31      
118 grass      
119 earth/soil ʔi53      
119 earth/soil tu53 lu31      
120 stone poŋ35   1?  
121 sand ʂa33      
122 water word info ʔm`53      
123 to flow ʔlaj35      
124 sea      
125 salt ɲu31      
126 lake pʲaŋ pond    
127 woods/forest      
128 sky      
129 moon nta31 moon, month    
130 star t͡ʂa35      
131 cloud word info m`53 hna33      
132 fog      
133 rain mən31      
134 thunder      
135 lightning      
136 wind ve      
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info t͡ɕiŋ33      
140 dry word info ʂʷo53 of weather    
141 wet      
142 heavy ɕe35      
143 fire paj35      
144 to burn word info ha35      
144 to burn word info pʰʲaw33      
145 smoke word info ve      
146 ash      
147 black l̥aŋ33      
148 white ʔuʔ53      
149 red      
150 yellow pʰej53      
151 green ʔlaŋ53      
152 small tʲaŋ33      
153 big      
154 short word info ɲ.e33      
155 long word info zaj33      
156 thin word info ʐʷo33      
157 thick word info lon31 ni33      
158 narrow      
159 wide      
160 painful, sick zaj13      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info kaw53      
163 new      
164 good ʔo33      
165 bad, evil hi33      
166 correct, true məŋ31 ŋo53      
167 night z`ej35 tu31      
168 day z`e35      
169 year pzz`35      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info ŋe31      
172 to climb word info məj31      
173 at      
174 in, inside ʐaw13      
175 above      
176 below      
177 this tʰa53 naj33      
178 that tʰa53 ʔaj33      
179 near lo13      
180 far ʔlaj31      
181 where? word info      
182 I ʔi53      
183 thou m`31      
184 he/she hn`53      
185 we word info taw35      
186 you t͡ʂaw35      
187 they t͡ɕe33      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info n̥a53      
190 other      
191 all      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
197 One word info sz`53   1  
198 Two word info ʂa35   1  
199 Three word info taw35   1  
200 Four word info pu35   1  
201 Five word info mej31   1  
202 Six word info ɲaŋ31   1  
203 Seven word info t͡ʂaw35   1  
204 Eight word info ʐaw31   3  
205 Nine word info ʂʷo53   5  
206 Ten word info sz`53 pe53   5  
207 Twenty word info ʂa35 pe53      
208 Fifty word info mej31 pe53      
209 One Hundred word info sz`53 tɕe53      
210 One Thousand word info sz`53 ke53 vi35      

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