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Language: Laha (Ta Mit)

Source/Author:  Wardlaw & Edmondson 
Notes:  Source: Wardlaw, Terrance Randall. A phonological comparison between two varieties of Laha: Syllable constituents and tone in Ta Mit and Noong Lay Laha. M.A. Thesis, The University of Texas at Arlington, 2000.

Spoken in Tà Mít Commune, Than Uyên District, Lào Cai, Vietnam. Data was collected from Hỗ ng Văn Phòm of Tà Mít by Jerold A. Edmondson. A few publications from Edmondson were also consulted.

The 5 Ta Mit Laha tones are:
level: /33/
rising: /24/
falling: /42/
rising-falling: /243/
falling-rising: /423/ 
Problems:  Data is scant, as this variety had only been documented by Edmondson in the late 1990's. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 142
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 3
 
Classification:  Tai-Kadai:Kadai:Yang-Biao 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 6 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand ɔn42 kə33 ma33   28?  
2 left bɯŋ33 mɛɛŋ24   49, 52  
3 right bən̥33 ki42   49  
4 leg/foot pak24 kʰɯk33   31  
5 to walk      
6 road/path lə33 xɯn33 wa42      
7 to come xɔ42      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim lai24   1  
10 dirty      
11 dust      
12 skin      
13 back word info li33 lɯn33   1?  
14 belly      
15 bone thak32      
16 intestines soi423      
17 liver tap33   1  
18 breast lə33 ɯk42      
19 shoulder fiŋ42 fa24      
20 to know, be knowledgeable sai24      
21 to think ŋam212   1  
22 to fear ɐn33 la33      
23 blood paat24      
24 head la33 xɐi243      
25 neck kə33 ʑɔ33      
26 hair word info ma33 sam33      
27 nose ɲɛt33      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell ai24      
30 mouth man24      
31 tooth suŋ42      
32 tongue ka33 lɪn42   1?  
33 to laugh      
34 to cry      
35 to vomit ʔa33 ɔɔk33      
36 to spit      
37 to eat au42      
38 to chew word info ɲaŋ42      
39 to cook word info kɯ33 mɐu42      
40 to drink au42      
41 to bite ai24      
42 to suck      
43 ear ka33 ha33 Most other TK languages have a high tone for this word, but Laha has a low tone.    
44 to hear ɲɯi243      
45 eye maak42 ta243   1  
46 to see dom24      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep xau212 ju42 Chinese ?   L
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream nu243 t͡ʃə42 'pan243 noun 1  
51 to sit ɲɪn42      
52 to stand      
53 person/human being xɯn33      
54 man/male lək33 xɯn33 kə33 pau42      
55 woman/female kɔ42 mai42      
56 child lɐ33 sɐi42 cf. Puyuma alak 1  
57 husband mɐ33 si33      
58 wife mɐ33 t͡ʃɔ33      
59 mother      
60 father au423      
61 house nɐm33 tom42      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name t͡ʃu42      
64 to say      
65 rope sɔ42 fɐn24      
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info      
68 needle mɐ33 hɛ33      
69 to hunt word info hu33 as in ba243 nu33 'hunting dog'    
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal pom42      
74 to kill ma33 hɯn33      
75 to die, be dead fɯn42   1?  
76 to live, be alive an42      
77 to scratch word info      
78 to cut, hack word info at33 bɐŋ42 fa42 to cut with a knife    
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info      
81 sharp      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
85 to choose      
86 to grow word info ma212      
87 to swell word info      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig      
91 to buy t͡ʃɯn42      
92 to open, uncover hak42      
93 to pound, beat word info      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info ɯk33      
96 dog ba243      
97 bird mə24 nɯk42   1  
98 egg ma33 tam33      
99 feather mɛ33      
100 wing      
101 to fly hɯn42      
102 rat lai423      
103 meat/flesh nɔ24      
104 fat/grease      
105 tail sɯt33      
106 snake ŋa33      
107 worm (earthworm) ŋa33 wak24 ŋa33 = snake    
108 louse word info maŋ33 ku33 head louse    
108 louse word info ma33 tʰan33 body louse    
109 mosquito mɛɛŋ33 ʑaŋ33      
110 spider səŋ42 sau243 PAN *kakaCu ?    
111 fish mə33 la33 cf. Puyuma bulaw 2?  
112 rotten word info poi423      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf tʰɯŋ42   1?  
115 root      
116 flower bak33   22  
117 fruit mat24   1  
118 grass dau242      
119 earth/soil ma33 kup24      
120 stone dun42   1?  
121 sand ɲai42 PAN *bunaj ? 1  
122 water word info uŋ42      
123 to flow      
124 sea      
125 salt ɲɔ33      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest pa33 t͡ʃɯn42      
128 sky tʰɛn33 Chinese   L
129 moon ma33 tʰan33   1  
130 star mɐ33 luŋ33   1?  
131 cloud word info mɔɔk33      
132 fog mui243 PMP *kabut ? 1?  
133 rain tʰɛn33 ʑɛn33   1  
134 thunder tʰɛn33 tʰan33 tʰɛn33 = sky, a Chinese loanword   L
135 lightning mo33 a33 lap33      
136 wind wan33 ui31      
137 to blow word info hop33   1  
138 warm word info kɐ42 tu42 hot    
139 cold word info bi24      
140 dry word info xa42      
141 wet hɯŋ24      
142 heavy xɐn42      
143 fire pɯi42   1  
144 to burn word info      
145 smoke word info      
146 ash tʰu42      
147 black diŋ42      
148 white dan33      
149 red dət33      
150 yellow lɯŋ243      
151 green xu42      
152 small      
153 big hɐn33 duŋ42      
154 short word info tam212      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info      
157 thick word info      
158 narrow xap42      
159 wide waŋ24      
160 painful, sick      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info kɛ42 old/elderly person    
163 new man33      
164 good ai42      
165 bad, evil fan24      
166 correct, true      
167 night kʰa33 lɯŋ33 cf. Puyuma qəzəm 'dark'    
167 night la33 kan33      
168 day wɐn42      
169 year ma33 tʰan33      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info tʰeo24      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside bəŋ33 kun42      
175 above ɐn33 ʔu42      
176 below ɐn33 tʰaŋ42      
177 this      
178 that      
179 near ka33 la42      
180 far kɐ33 lui33      
181 where? word info      
182 I ɪn42      
183 thou ma33      
184 he/she ka42      
185 we word info mo33 ɔ42 inclusive    
185 we word info mo33 ɪn42 exclusive    
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other han42 ta42      
191 all tiŋ33 ka42      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count      
197 One word info t͡ʃam42   1  
198 Two word info sa42   1  
199 Three word info tu42   1  
200 Four word info pa33   1  
201 Five word info ma33   1  
202 Six word info dɐm42   1  
203 Seven word info tʰo42   1  
204 Eight word info mɐ33 hu33   3  
205 Nine word info sə33 wa24   5  
206 Ten word info pɯt33   5  
207 Twenty word info      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info      
210 One Thousand word info      

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