language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Tibeto-Burman

Source/Author:  James Matisoff 
Notes:  Matisoff, James. 2003. Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman: System and Philosophy of Sino-Tibetan Reconstruction. Berkeley: University of California Press. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 212
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 0
 
Classification:  Sino-Tibetan:Tibeto-Burman 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 67 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *l(y)ak      
2 left *bʷay      
3 right *g-ya ~ *g-ra      
4 leg/foot *r-kaŋ ~ *keŋ      
5 to walk      
6 road/path *lam      
7 to come *la-y      
8 to turn word info      
9 to swim      
10 dirty      
11 dust *mu:k      
11 dust *r-dul ~ *r-tul      
12 skin *pʷul ~ *pʷil      
12 skin *pun ~ *pin      
13 back word info *s-nuŋ ~ *s-nuk      
14 belly *pu:k      
14 belly *grwat      
15 bone *s-rus ~ *m-rus ~ *g-rus      
16 intestines *pʷik      
17 liver *m-sin      
18 breast *dz(y)o:p ~ *ts(y)o:p also means milk or to suck    
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *syey-s      
21 to think *s-nyam      
22 to fear *krok ~ *krak ~ *grok      
22 to fear *grak      
23 blood *s-hywəy      
24 head *d-bu-s      
25 neck *s-ke-k      
25 neck *m-liŋ      
25 neck *tuk ~ *twak      
26 hair word info *kra      
26 hair word info *ney      
26 hair word info *sam ~ *tsam      
27 nose *s-na ~ *s-na:r      
28 to breathe *r-sak      
29 to sniff, smell *m-nam ~ *s-nam      
30 mouth *mu:r      
31 tooth *swa      
32 tongue *m-lay ~ *s-lay ~ *s-ley      
33 to laugh *m-nwi(y)-k      
33 to laugh *r(y)ay ~ *r(y)a-t(s)      
34 to cry *krap      
34 to cry *ŋəw      
35 to vomit *m-pat      
36 to spit *m-ts(y)il ~ *m-tśril      
37 to eat *dzya      
38 to chew word info *g-wa-t      
39 to cook word info *s-glak      
39 to cook word info *tsyow      
40 to drink *ʔam      
41 to bite *hap      
41 to bite *tsat      
41 to bite *gam      
42 to suck *dz(y)o:p ~ *ts(y)o:p also means milk or breast    
43 ear *r-na ~ *g-na also means to hear or listen    
44 to hear *s-ta-s      
45 eye *mik ~ *myak      
46 to see *mraŋ      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep *s-yip ~ *s-yup      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream *r-maŋ ~ *s-maŋ ~ *mak      
51 to sit *m-duŋ ~ *m-tuŋ      
52 to stand *g-r(y)ap      
53 person/human being *r-mi(y)-n      
54 man/male *pʷa      
55 woman/female *mi      
55 woman/female *nya      
56 child *tsa-n ~ *za-n      
57 husband *pʷa      
58 wife      
59 mother *ma-n      
59 mother *m-na      
60 father *pʷa      
61 house *k-yim ~ *k-yum      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name *r-miŋ ~ *s-miŋ      
64 to say      
65 rope *rey      
66 to tie up, fasten *g(y)it ~ *g(y)ik      
66 to tie up, fasten *s-dut      
67 to sew word info *byar ~ *pyar      
68 needle *k-rap ~ *k-ram      
68 needle *kap      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info *ga:p ~ *ʔap      
70 to shoot word info *m-puk      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info      
73 to steal *r-kəw ~ *r-kun ~ *r-kut      
74 to kill *g-sat ~ *b-sat      
75 to die, be dead *səy      
76 to live, be alive *g-na-s      
76 to live, be alive *s-riŋ ~ *s-r(y)aŋ alive, raw, to be born    
77 to scratch word info *ku(:)t      
77 to scratch word info *hyak      
77 to scratch word info *m-kret      
78 to cut, hack word info      
79 stick/wood *siŋ ~ *sik tree / wood    
80 to split word info      
81 sharp *s-ryam      
81 sharp *tak      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant *tsow-t      
85 to choose *s-ril      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info *bwap ~ s-bwam      
88 to squeeze word info *s-ni(:)p ~ *s-nyap ~ *s-nu(:)p      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig *tu ~ *s-du ~ *m-du      
91 to buy *b-rey      
91 to buy *r-ley      
92 to open, uncover *m-ka      
93 to pound, beat word info *da:y ~ *ta:y      
94 to throw word info *s-ba(:y) ~ *m-ba(:y)      
95 to fall word info *kla-k ~ *kla-y ~ *kla-t alternative: *gla-k/y/t    
96 dog *d-kʷəy-n      
97 bird *bya      
97 bird *s-ŋak      
98 egg *t(w)i(y)      
99 feather *mul ~ *mil ~ *myal      
100 wing *duŋ      
101 to fly *byam      
101 to fly *pur ~ *pir      
102 rat *r-wak      
103 meat/flesh *sya-n      
104 fat/grease *sa:w      
104 fat/grease *tsil      
105 tail *r-may ~ *r-mey ~ *r-mi      
106 snake *s-b-ru:l ~ *s-m-ru:l      
107 worm (earthworm) *zril      
108 louse word info *s-r(y)ik      
108 louse word info *s(y)ar      
109 mosquito *kraŋ      
110 spider *m-kaŋ      
110 spider *kaŋ ~ *waŋ      
111 fish *s-ŋya      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info *ka:k      
113 branch word info *ku:ŋ      
114 leaf *la      
114 leaf *lap      
114 leaf *pak      
115 root *bul ~ *pul stump / tree / root    
116 flower *ba:r      
117 fruit *sey      
118 grass *mrak ~ *mruk      
119 earth/soil *m-ley ~ *m-ləy      
119 earth/soil *sa      
120 stone *b-rak      
120 stone *r-luŋ ~ *k-luk      
121 sand *z(l)a-y      
122 water word info *twəy      
123 to flow *sywar ~ *sywa-n ~ *sywa-t      
124 sea      
125 salt *tsa      
125 salt *gryum      
126 lake      
127 woods/forest *b-liŋ      
127 woods/forest *ram jungle, forest, field, country    
128 sky *r-məw      
128 sky *m-ka-n      
129 moon *s-la ~ *g-la      
130 star *s-kar      
131 cloud word info *r-məw also means sky / heavens    
132 fog *jan      
133 rain *r-wa ~ *s-wa ~ *g-wa      
134 thunder *m-bruŋ ~ *m-bruk thunder / dragon    
135 lightning *s-lyap      
135 lightning *gle:k      
136 wind *g-ləy      
137 to blow word info      
138 warm word info      
139 cold word info *glaŋ      
139 cold word info *graŋ      
139 cold word info *m-glak      
139 cold word info *ʔ-glak      
140 dry word info *he:r-s      
141 wet *m-ti-s      
141 wet *s-nyak      
142 heavy      
143 fire *mey      
143 fire *bʷar ~ *pʷar      
144 to burn word info *ka(:)ŋ      
144 to burn word info *hul ~ *hwa(:)l      
145 smoke word info *kəw      
146 ash *tal      
147 black *s-nak      
148 white *bok      
149 red *t(y)a-n      
150 yellow *hwaŋ      
151 green      
152 small *z(y)əy      
153 big *ta-y      
154 short word info      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info *ba      
157 thick word info *tow-n ~ *dow-n      
158 narrow *gyap      
159 wide *glay      
160 painful, sick *tsa-t      
160 painful, sick *na-n ~ *na-t      
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info *r-ga      
162 old word info *b-gres      
163 new *g-sar      
164 good *ma:y      
165 bad, evil      
166 correct, true *ʔal      
167 night *ya      
168 day *nəy      
169 year *s-ni(:)ŋ ~ *s-nik      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info *s-pʷak      
171 to hide word info *bip      
172 to climb word info      
173 at      
174 in, inside      
175 above      
176 below *ʔok      
177 this *day      
178 that      
179 near *s-na:y ~ *s-ney      
180 far *dzya:l      
180 far *g-wəy-n      
181 where? word info      
182 I *ŋa-y      
183 thou *na-ŋ      
184 he/she      
185 we word info      
186 you      
187 they      
188 what? word info      
189 who? word info      
190 other      
191 all *kun      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not      
196 to count *r-tsyəy      
196 to count *b-rəy ~ *b-ris      
196 to count *ri:n      
197 One word info *tyak ~ *g-t(y)ik      
197 One word info *ʔit      
198 Two word info *g-ni-s      
199 Three word info *g-sum      
200 Four word info *b-ləy      
201 Five word info *l-ŋa ~ *b-ŋa      
202 Six word info *d-k-ruk      
203 Seven word info *s-ni-s      
204 Eight word info *b-r-gyat ~ *b-g-ryat      
205 Nine word info *d-kəw ~ *s-kəw      
206 Ten word info *ts(y)i(y) ~ *tsyay      
206 Ten word info *g(y)ip      
207 Twenty word info *m-kul      
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info *b-r-gya      
210 One Thousand word info *s-toŋ      

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