language.psy.auckland.ac.nz : Austronesian : Crows : Bantu :

Language: Proto-Malayic

Source/Author:  K. Alexander Adelaar 
Notes:  Adelaar, K. Alexander. 1992. Proto-Malayic: The Reconstruction of its Phonology and Parts of its Lexicon and Morphology. Pacific Linguistics, Series C, no. 119. Canberra: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, the Australian National University. 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics:   
Classification:  Austronesian:Malayo-Polynesian:Malayo-Sumbawan:North and East:Malayic 
Map  Sorry, no map co-ordinates found for this language. 

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Change History:

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Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand *taŋan   18  
2 left *kA-iri   1  
2 left *kibaʔ   39  
3 right *kanan   1  
4 leg/foot *kaki   1  
5 to walk *((mb)Ar-)jalan      
6 road/path *jalan   1  
7 to come *datəŋ   14  
8 to turn word info *biluk   24  
9 to swim *(mb)A-rənaŋ   48  
10 dirty *kamah   35  
10 dirty *kumuh      
11 dust *dəbu      
12 skin *kulit   1  
13 back word info *bAlakaŋ      
14 belly *pərut      
15 bone *tulaŋ      
16 intestines *pərut      
17 liver *hati   1  
18 breast *susu(ʔ)   1  
19 shoulder      
20 to know, be knowledgeable *tahu(ʔ)      
21 to think      
22 to fear *takut   1  
23 blood *darah   1  
24 head *hulu(ʔ)      
25 neck *lihər      
26 hair word info *buø(uə)k      
26 hair word info *rambut      
27 nose *hiduŋ      
28 to breathe *ñawa   1  
29 to sniff, smell      
30 mouth *mulut      
31 tooth *gigi      
32 tongue *dilah   4  
33 to laugh *tawaʔ   1  
34 to cry *taŋis   1  
35 to vomit *mu(n)tah      
36 to spit *ludah      
37 to eat *makan      
38 to chew word info *kuñah      
38 to chew word info *mamah      
39 to cook word info *masak      
39 to cook word info *tanak      
40 to drink *inum   1  
41 to bite *gigit      
42 to suck *hi(ŋ)səp      
43 ear *tAliŋa(ʔ)   1  
44 to hear *dəŋər      
45 eye *mata   1  
46 to see *lihat      
47 to yawn *uap   1  
48 to sleep *tidur   1  
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream *mimpi      
50 to dream *impi      
51 to sit *duduk      
52 to stand *diri      
53 person/human being *uraŋ      
54 man/male *laki(-laki)      
55 woman/female      
56 child *anak   1  
57 husband *laki      
58 wife *bini      
59 mother *ina   1  
59 mother *induʔ   1  
59 mother *(ə)ma(ʔ)   1  
60 father *apa(ʔ)      
61 house *rumah   1  
62 thatch/roof *hatəp      
63 name      
64 to say *tutur   2  
65 rope *tali   1  
66 to tie up, fasten *ikət   1  
67 to sew word info *jahit      
68 needle *jarum      
69 to hunt word info *buru      
70 to shoot word info *panah      
70 to shoot word info *timbak      
71 to stab, pierce *tikəm      
71 to stab, pierce *tusuk      
72 to hit word info *paluʔ      
72 to hit word info *pukul      
73 to steal *maliŋ      
74 to kill *bunuh      
75 to die, be dead *mati   1  
76 to live, be alive *hidup      
77 to scratch word info *garut      
77 to scratch word info *garuk      
77 to scratch word info *garuʔ      
78 to cut, hack word info *tətək   3  
78 to cut, hack word info *tarAs   3  
79 stick/wood *kayuʔ      
80 to split word info *bəlah      
81 sharp *tajəm      
82 dull, blunt *tumpul      
83 to work word info *(mb)Ar-huma(ʔ)      
84 to plant *tanəm   2  
85 to choose *pilih   1  
86 to grow word info *tumbuh   1  
87 to swell word info *bəŋkak   1  
88 to squeeze word info *pərəs   1  
88 to squeeze word info *pərah   1  
89 to hold word info *pəgaŋ      
90 to dig *kali   1  
91 to buy *bəli   1  
92 to open, uncover *bukaʔ      
93 to pound, beat word info *tumbuk   2  
93 to pound, beat word info *tutuk   2  
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info *jatuh      
95 to fall word info *labuh      
96 dog *asuʔ   1  
97 bird *buruŋ      
98 egg *təlur      
99 feather *bulu   1  
100 wing *sayap      
101 to fly *tAr(ə)baŋ      
102 rat *tikus      
103 meat/flesh *isiʔ      
103 meat/flesh *dagiŋ      
104 fat/grease *ləmək      
105 tail *ikur   1  
106 snake *ulər   2  
107 worm (earthworm) *hulət      
107 worm (earthworm) *caciŋ      
108 louse word info *kutu   1  
109 mosquito *ñamuk   1  
110 spider *lawaʔ      
110 spider *laba(ʔ)      
111 fish *ikan   1  
112 rotten word info *busuk   1  
113 branch word info *dahan      
114 leaf *daun   1  
115 root *akar      
116 flower *buŋa(ʔ)   1  
117 fruit *buah   1  
118 grass *rumput      
119 earth/soil *tanah   1  
120 stone *batu   1  
121 sand *pasir      
122 water word info *air      
123 to flow *alir   24  
124 sea *tasik   1  
125 salt *sira      
126 lake *danaw   1  
127 woods/forest *hutan      
127 woods/forest *rimbaʔ      
128 sky *laŋit   1  
129 moon *bulan   1  
130 star *bintaŋ   1  
131 cloud word info *a(bw)an      
132 fog *kabut   1  
133 rain *hujan   1  
134 thunder *guntur      
134 thunder *guruh      
135 lightning *kilat   1  
136 wind *aŋin   1  
137 to blow word info *tiup      
138 warm word info *panas   1  
139 cold word info *diŋin      
140 dry word info *kəriŋ      
141 wet *basah      
142 heavy *bərat      
143 fire *api   1  
144 to burn word info *tunu   1  
144 to burn word info *bakar   1  
145 smoke word info *asəp      
146 ash *habu      
147 black *hitəm      
148 white *putih   1  
149 red *(ma-)irah      
150 yellow *kunit      
151 green *hijaw      
152 small *kəcil      
152 small *kətik      
153 big *bəsar      
153 big *raya   10  
154 short word info *pandak      
154 short word info *pindik      
155 long word info *pañjaŋ      
156 thin word info *nipis      
156 thin word info *mipis      
157 thick word info *təbəl      
158 narrow *səmpit      
159 wide *libar      
160 painful, sick *sakit   1  
161 shy, ashamed *malu      
162 old word info *tuha(ʔ)   1  
163 new *bAharu      
164 good *baik      
165 bad, evil *jahət      
166 correct, true *bənər   1  
167 night *ma-lə(hø)əm      
168 day *hari      
169 year *tahun      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info *buni   1  
172 to climb word info *naik      
173 at *di   20  
174 in, inside *(d-)aləm      
175 above *atas   1  
176 below *bah      
176 below *babah      
177 this *(i)ni(ʔ)      
178 that *(i)tu(ʔ)      
178 that *(i)na(n)      
178 that *(a)na(ʔ)      
179 near *dəkət      
179 near *(h)ampiŋ      
180 far *jauh      
181 where? word info *-mana(ʔ)      
182 I *aku      
183 thou *kau(ʔ)      
184 he/she *ia   1  
185 we word info *kitaʔ   1  
185 we word info *kami   2  
186 you *kamu(ʔ)   13  
187 they *sidaʔ      
188 what? word info *apa   1  
189 who? word info *si-apa   1  
189 who? word info *sai   1  
190 other *bukən      
191 all *habis      
192 and      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not *-daʔ      
196 to count *hituŋ      
197 One word info *əsaʔ   1  
198 Two word info *dua(ʔ)   1  
199 Three word info *təlu   1  
200 Four word info *əmpat   1  
201 Five word info *limaʔ   1  
202 Six word info *ənəm   1  
203 Seven word info *tujuh      
204 Eight word info *dua(ʔ) alap-an      
205 Nine word info *əsaʔ ambil-an      
205 Nine word info *(ə)saʔ alap-an      
206 Ten word info *sA-puluh      
207 Twenty word info *dua(ʔ) puluh   3, 6  
208 Fifty word info      
209 One Hundred word info *sA-ratus      
210 One Thousand word info *sA-ribu      

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