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Language: Younuo (Xiaozhai)

Source/Author:  Mao Zongwu 
Notes:  毛宗武 / Mao Zongwu. 优诺语研究 / Younuo yu yan jiu (A Study of Younuo). Beijing: 民族出版社 / Min zu chu ban she, 2007.

ISO 639-3: buh. Mao (2007) describes 2 dialects, Xiaozhai (小寨) and Huangluo (黄落), which are both spoken in Longsheng County (龙胜县), Guangxi, China. There is little variation between the two dialects. The one used here is the Xiaozhai dialect.

The Xiaozhai Younuo tones are:
1 = /33/
2 = /13/
3 = /22/
4 = /22/
5 = /35/
6 = /31/
7 = /53/
8 = /31/
 
Data Entry:  Typed By: Andrew C. Hsiu  Checked By:  
Statistics: 
  • Total Data: 172
  • Number of Retentions:
  • Number of Loans: 8
 
Classification:  Hmong-Mien:Hmongic:Bunu 
Map 
 

Resources:

Change History:

Showing 3 of 10 entries. Show ALL logged changes

Entries:

ID: Word: Item: Annotation: Cognacy: Loan:
1 hand thou22      
2 left to53      
3 right ʑou22      
4 leg/foot kə33 pei33 leg    
4 leg/foot tu35 foot    
5 to walk heŋ13      
6 road/path kou22      
7 to come tɔ13 to come    
7 to come tən22 to arrive    
8 to turn word info tsaŋ22      
9 to swim      
10 dirty va35 tou33      
10 dirty maŋ53 khwaŋ53      
11 dust ka33 mən35      
12 skin ku35      
13 back word info      
14 belly ta31 tu33      
15 bone      
16 intestines ŋŋ22 tuŋ33      
17 liver sən33      
18 breast mɔ33      
19 shoulder kə33 tsɔ33      
20 to know, be knowledgeable tou22 pɔ33      
21 to think l̥juŋ53      
22 to fear tshi33      
23 blood tshun22      
24 head ha31 khɔ53      
25 neck kə53 kaŋ33      
26 hair word info ha31 pja33      
27 nose khə33 mui31      
28 to breathe      
29 to sniff, smell ȵui35      
30 mouth pə31 ljo33      
31 tooth fun22      
32 tongue kə33 mi31      
33 to laugh tiu53      
34 to cry ȵi22      
35 to vomit au22      
36 to spit      
37 to eat naŋ13      
38 to chew word info ȵa53      
39 to cook word info tje22      
40 to drink hɔ31      
41 to bite      
42 to suck      
43 ear kə33 mje13      
44 to hear naŋ31      
44 to hear taŋ35      
45 eye kin53 mɔ31      
46 to see maŋ35      
47 to yawn      
48 to sleep pui35      
49 to lie down word info      
50 to dream mɔ35 to dream about    
51 to sit tjaŋ35      
52 to stand so22      
53 person/human being nɔ13      
54 man/male te31 tuŋ33 nɔ13      
55 woman/female mui31 tuŋ33 nɔ13      
56 child ti33 tuŋ33      
57 husband nɔ13 ȵin22      
58 wife nɔ13 kɔ22      
59 mother ne22      
60 father ʑa33      
61 house pje22      
62 thatch/roof      
63 name mu35 hou31      
64 to say      
65 rope      
66 to tie up, fasten      
67 to sew word info hən33      
68 needle tjuŋ33      
69 to hunt word info      
70 to shoot word info      
71 to stab, pierce      
72 to hit word info nɔ53      
73 to steal ȵi31      
74 to kill tɔ35      
75 to die, be dead tɔ31      
76 to live, be alive      
77 to scratch word info tsɔ33      
77 to scratch word info ko31      
78 to cut, hack word info nau22      
79 stick/wood      
80 to split word info phɔ35      
81 sharp teŋ33      
82 dull, blunt      
83 to work word info      
84 to plant      
85 to choose l̥ən31      
86 to grow word info      
87 to swell word info aŋ35      
88 to squeeze word info      
89 to hold word info      
90 to dig vɔ53 Chinese   L
91 to buy ȵɔ31      
92 to open, uncover      
93 to pound, beat word info tai22      
94 to throw word info      
95 to fall word info      
96 dog kou22      
97 bird noŋ31   1  
98 egg kou35      
99 feather pja33      
100 wing      
101 to fly ȵi35      
102 rat ni22 kjo31      
103 meat/flesh pe33      
104 fat/grease tjaŋ31      
105 tail      
106 snake kau35 ni33      
107 worm (earthworm) ki13 kjaŋ33      
108 louse word info ma53 tuŋ22      
109 mosquito kən33 le35      
110 spider pa22 l̥ai33      
111 fish mje22      
112 rotten word info      
113 branch word info      
114 leaf mjoŋ13      
115 root kə33 tjaŋ13      
116 flower pən13   1  
117 fruit      
118 grass thou35      
119 earth/soil kə33 tou33      
120 stone ha22 vje33      
121 sand      
122 water word info ŋ33      
123 to flow ljou13      
124 sea ha22      
125 salt ʑau22      
126 lake fu13      
127 woods/forest fɔ33 lin31      
128 sky ŋɔ13      
129 moon ha31 la35 moon    
129 moon la35 month    
130 star l̥in33 tai35      
131 cloud word info hau33      
132 fog ʑe33 maŋ31      
133 rain ləŋ33 ŋa31      
134 thunder koŋ35 kwaŋ31      
135 lightning təŋ31 ʑa31 leŋ31      
136 wind ki35      
137 to blow word info phje33 to blow (of wind)    
138 warm word info su22 hot (of weather)    
139 cold word info naŋ35      
140 dry word info khei22      
141 wet      
142 heavy suŋ22      
143 fire to22      
144 to burn word info thou22      
145 smoke word info      
146 ash      
147 black kuŋ33      
148 white kje33      
149 red tshun35      
150 yellow kwən13      
151 green lje31      
152 small l̥e53      
153 big liu33      
154 short word info luŋ22      
155 long word info      
156 thin word info ȵi22      
157 thick word info nei33      
158 narrow      
159 wide kwən22      
160 painful, sick ŋ33 painful    
160 painful, sick pən31 sick (from Chinese)   L
161 shy, ashamed      
162 old word info kau35      
163 new sən33      
164 good ŋ35 Chinese   L
165 bad, evil va31 bad person    
166 correct, true tɕin33 Chinese   L
167 night      
168 day ha31 day    
168 day nɔ33 sun    
169 year tjuŋ35      
170 when? word info      
171 to hide word info l̥e35      
172 to climb word info pjuŋ13      
173 at ȵaŋ33      
174 in, inside kə33 ko22      
175 above ha22 ka53      
176 below kə31 te53      
177 this no22      
178 that ni31      
179 near vje35      
180 far kje33      
181 where? word info      
182 I vɔ22      
183 thou ŋ13      
184 he/she naŋ22      
185 we word info pou33      
186 you ŋ13 nɔ13      
187 they naŋ22 nɔ13      
188 what? word info kə33 li33      
189 who? word info a53 nɔ13      
190 other pjaŋ31      
191 all      
192 and la33      
193 if      
194 how? word info      
195 no, not mɔ22      
196 to count      
197 One word info ʑe22      
198 Two word info u33      
199 Three word info pje33      
200 Four word info pɔ33      
201 Five word info pi33      
202 Six word info tjo35      
203 Seven word info saŋ31      
204 Eight word info ʑa31      
205 Nine word info tiu13      
206 Ten word info kɔ31      
207 Twenty word info ȵi31 sje31 Chinese   L
208 Fifty word info ŋ31 sje31 Chinese   L
209 One Hundred word info ʑe22 pe53 Chinese   L
210 One Thousand word info ʑe22 theŋ33 Chinese   L

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