Rise and fall of political complexity in island South-East Asia and the Pacific.
Currie TE, Greenhill SJ, Gray RD, Hasegawa T, & Mace R (2010) Rise and fall of political complexity in island South-East Asia and the Pacific. Nature, 467:801-804.
There is disagreement about whether human political evolution has proceeded through a sequence of incremental increases in complexity, or whether larger, non-sequential increases have occurred. The extent to which societies have decreased in complexity is also unclear. These debates have continued largely in the absence of rigorous, quantitative tests. We evaluated six competing models of political evolution in Austronesian-speaking societies using phylogenetic methods. Here we show that in the best-fitting model political complexity rises and falls in a sequence of small steps. This is closely followed by another model in which increases are sequential but decreases can be either sequential or in bigger drops. The results indicate that large, non-sequential jumps in political complexity have not occurred during the evolutionary history of these societies. This suggests that, despite the numerous contingent pathways of human history, there are regularities in cultural evolution that can be detected using computational phylogenetic methods.
Sorry, there are no files attached to this publication yet
- Rise and fall of political complexity in island South-East Asia and the Pacific.
- Austronesian language phylogenies: myths and misconceptions about Bayesian computational methods
- Matrilocal residence is ancestral in Austronesian societies
- Testing Population Dispersal Hypotheses: Pacific Settlement, Phylogenetic Trees, and Austronesian Languages
- Is horizontal transmission really a problem for phylogenetic comparative methods? A simulation study using continuous cultural traits
- The Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database: From Bioinformatics to Lexomics
- How Accurate and Robust Are the Phylogenetic Estimates of Austronesian Language Relationships?
- The Pleasures and Perils of Darwinizing Culture (with phylogenies)
- Does horizontal transmission invalidate cultural phylogenies?
- On the shape and fabric of human history