Matrilocal residence is ancestral in Austronesian societies
Jordan, F.M., Gray, R.D., Greenhill, S.J., & Mace, R. (2009) Matrilocal residence is ancestral in Austronesian societies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 276:1957-1964.
The nature of social life in human prehistory is elusive, yet knowing how kinship systems evolve is critical for understanding population history and cultural diversity. Post-marital residence rules specify sex-specific dispersal and kin association, influencing the pattern of genetic markers across populations. Cultural phylogenetics allows us to practise â€˜virtual archaeologyâ€™ on these aspects of social life that leave no trace in the archaeological record. Here we show that early Austronesian societies practised matrilocal post-marital residence. Using a Markov-chain Monte Carlo comparative method implemented in a Bayesian phylogenetic framework, we estimated the type of residence at each ancestral node in a sample of Austronesian language trees spanning 135 Pacific societies. Matrilocal residence has been hypothesized for proto-Oceanic society (ca 3500â€ŠBP), but we find strong evidence that matrilocality was predominant in earlier Austronesian societies ca 5000â€“4500â€ŠBP, at the root of the language family and its early branches. Our results illuminate the divergent patterns of mtDNA and Y-chromosome markers seen in the Pacific. The analysis of present-day cross-cultural data in this way allows us to directly address cultural evolutionary and life-history processes in prehistory.
Sorry, there are no files attached to this publication yet
- Matrilocal residence is ancestral in Austronesian societies
- Austronesian language phylogenies: myths and misconceptions about Bayesian computational methods
- Testing Population Dispersal Hypotheses: Pacific Settlement, Phylogenetic Trees, and Austronesian Languages
- The Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database: From Bioinformatics to Lexomics
- How Accurate and Robust Are the Phylogenetic Estimates of Austronesian Language Relationships?
- The Pleasures and Perils of Darwinizing Culture (with phylogenies)
- Does horizontal transmission invalidate cultural phylogenies?
- Language trees support the express-train sequence of Austronesian expansion
- Language Phylogenies Reveal Expansion Pulses and Pauses in Pacific Settlement
- Rise and fall of political complexity in island South-East Asia and the Pacific.